10-Q
Table of Contents

 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED March 31, 2009
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                      TO                     
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 001-32360
AKORN, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
     
LOUISIANA   72-0717400
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification No.)
     
1925 W FIELD CT STE 300    
LAKE FOREST, ILLINOIS   60045
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)
(847) 279-6100
(Registrant’s telephone number, including area code)
     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes þ            No o
     Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically and posted on its corporate Web site, if any, every Interactive Data File required to be submitted and posted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§ 229.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit and post such files).
Yes þ            No o
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer o   Smaller reporting company o
        (Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act).
Yes o            No þ
     At May 7, 2009 there were 90,229,618 shares of common stock, no par value, outstanding.
 
 

 


 

     
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 EX-31.1:
 EX-31.2:
 EX-32.1:
 EX-32.2:

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PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2009     2008  
    (UNAUDITED)     (AUDITED)  
ASSETS
               
CURRENT ASSETS
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 4,681     $ 1,063  
Trade accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $29 and $22, respectively
    12,677       6,529  
Other receivable
          1,221  
Inventories
    29,666       30,163  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,107       1,770  
 
           
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
    48,131       40,746  
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
    33,554       34,223  
OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
               
Intangibles, net
    5,442       6,017  
Deferred financing costs
    1,450       272  
Other
    970       1,071  
 
           
TOTAL OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
    7,862       7,360  
 
           
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 89,547     $ 82,329  
 
           
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Trade accounts payable
  $ 12,788     $ 8,795  
Accrued compensation
    1,185       1,070  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
    2,934       2,906  
Short term subordinated debt — related party
    5,532       5,332  
Revolving line of credit — related party
    5,509        
Supply agreement termination costs, current portion
    3,250        
 
           
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
    31,198       18,103  
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
               
Lease incentive obligation
    1,439       1,484  
Product warranty liability
    1,299       1,299  
Supply agreement termination costs
    1,500        
 
           
TOTAL LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
    4,238       2,783  
 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    35,436       20,886  
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Common stock, no par value — 150,000,000 shares authorized; 90,134,548 and 90,072,662 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008, respectively
    171,567       170,617  
Warrants to acquire common stock
    2,731       2,731  
Warrants to be issued
    2,409        
Accumulated deficit
    (122,596 )     (111,905 )
 
           
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    54,111       61,443  
 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
  $ 89,547     $ 82,329  
 
           
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA
(UNAUDITED)
                 
    THREE MONTHS ENDED  
    MARCH 31,  
    2009     2008  
Revenues
  $ 22,040     $ 14,459  
Cost of sales
    16,678       10,712  
 
           
GROSS PROFIT
    5,362       3,747  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    6,997       6,257  
Supply agreement termination expenses
    5,830        
Amortization of intangibles
    575       339  
Research and development expenses
    977       2,376  
 
           
TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES
    14,379       8,972  
 
           
OPERATING LOSS
    (9,017 )     (5,225 )
Interest expense, net
    (278 )     (115 )
Write off of deferred financing costs
    (1,454 )      
Other income (expense)
    60       (201 )
 
           
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
    (10,689 )     (5,541 )
Income tax provision
    2       3  
 
           
NET LOSS
  $ (10,691 )   $ (5,544 )
NET LOSS PER SHARE:
               
BASIC
  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.06 )
 
           
DILUTED
  $ (0.12 )   $ (0.06 )
 
           
SHARES USED IN COMPUTING NET LOSS PER SHARE:
               
BASIC
    90,104       89,053  
 
           
DILUTED
    90,104       89,053  
 
           
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

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AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENT OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2009 AND 2008
UNAUDITED
(In Thousands)
                                                 
                    Warrants to                  
                    acquire     Warrants              
    Common Stock     Common     to be     Accumulated        
Three Months Ended March 31, 2009   Shares     Amount     Stock     Issued     Deficit     Total  
BALANCES AT DECEMBER 31, 2008
    90,073     $ 170,617     $ 2,731     $     $ (111,905 )   $ 61,443  
Net loss
                            (10,691 )     (10,691 )
Warrants to be issued
                          2,409               2,409  
Employee stock purchase plan issuances
    19       42                         42  
Amortization of deferred compensation related to restricted stock awards
    43       160                         160  
Restricted stock awards vested net of amounts
withheld for payment of employee tax liability
          (47 )                       (47 )
Stock-based compensation expense
          795                         795  
 
                                   
BALANCES AT MARCH 31, 2009
    90,135     $ 171,567     $ 2,731     $ 2,409     $ (122,596 )   $ 54,111  
 
                                   
                                                 
                    Warrants to                  
                    acquire     Warrants              
    Common Stock     Common     to be     Accumulated        
Three Months Ended March 31, 2008   Shares     Amount     Stock     Issued     Deficit     Total  
BALANCES AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
    88,901     $ 165,829     $ 2,795     $     $ (103,966 )   $ 64,658  
Net loss
                            (5,544 )     (5,544 )
Exercise of warrants into common stock
    50       101       (64 )             37  
Exercise of stock options
    163       422                         422  
Employee stock purchase plan issuances
    8       58                         58  
Amortization of deferred compensation related to
restricted stock awards
    10       225                         225  
Stock-based compensation expense
          464                         464  
 
                                   
BALANCES AT MARCH 31, 2008
    89,132     $ 167,099     $ 2,731     $     $ (109,510 )   $ 60,320  
 
                                   

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AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
IN THOUSANDS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    THREE MONTHS  
    ENDED MARCH 31  
    2009     2008  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
               
Net loss
  $ (10,691 )   $ (5,544 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    1,545       1,118  
Amortization of deferred financing fees
    1,454        
Non-cash stock compensation expense
    955       689  
Non-cash supply agreement termination expense
    1,051        
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Trade accounts receivable
    (6,148 )     1,041  
Inventories
    497       (2,700 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    764       233  
Other long-term assets
          1,246  
Supply agreement termination liabilities
    4,750        
Trade accounts payable
    3,993       (5,726 )
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
    298       284  
 
           
NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
    (1,532 )     (9,359 )
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
               
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
    (301 )     (269 )
 
           
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    (301 )     (269 )
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
               
Repayment of long-term debt
          (103 )
Restricted cash for revolving credit agreement
          (2,050 )
Loan origination fees — revolving line of credit
    (1,274 )      
Proceeds from line of credit
    5,509       6,743  
Proceeds from exercise of stock warrants
          37  
Proceeds under stock option and stock purchase plans
    1,216       480  
 
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    5,451       5,107  
 
           
INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    3,618       (4,521 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    1,063       7,948  
 
           
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
  $ 4,681     $ 3,427  
 
           
SUPPLEMENTAL DISCLOSURES
               
Amount paid for interest
  $ 79     $ 175  
Amount paid for income taxes
  $ 3     $ 3  
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements

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AKORN, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
NOTE A — BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
     Business: Akorn, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Akorn (New Jersey), Inc. (collectively, the “Company” or “Akorn”), manufacture and market diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals in specialty areas such as ophthalmology, rheumatology, anesthesia, antidotes and vaccines, among others. Customers, including physicians, optometrists, wholesalers, group purchasing organizations and other pharmaceutical companies, are served primarily from three operating facilities in the United States. In September 2004, the Company, along with a venture partner, Strides Arcolab Limited (“Strides”), formed a mutually owned limited liability company, Akorn-Strides, LLC (the “Joint Venture Company”). The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Akorn, Inc. and Akorn (New Jersey) Inc. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
     Basis of Presentation: These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for interim financial information and accordingly do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in these financial statements. Operating results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2009 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes for the year ended December 31, 2008, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K.
     The accompanying financial statements have been prepared on a going concern basis, which contemplates the realization of assets and the satisfaction of liabilities in the normal course of business. The Company has incurred recurring net losses and its borrowings on its revolving credit facility have been restricted by its lender. The Company’s lack of liquidity, limited capital resources, and accumulated debt raise substantial doubt as to its ability to continue as a going concern. Management’s plans in regard to these matters are described below. The accompanying consolidated financial statements do not include any adjustments to reflect the possible future effect on the recoverability and classification of assets or the amounts and classification of liabilities that may result from the outcome of this uncertainty.
     The Company’s continuation is dependent upon its ability to generate or obtain sufficient cash to meet its obligations on a timely basis. On March 31, 2009, the Company consented to an Assignment Agreement (“Assignment”) between GE Capital and EJ Funds LP (“EJ Funds”) which transferred to EJ Funds all of GE Capital’s rights and obligations under the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the Assignment, EJ Funds became the agent and lender under the Credit Agreement (see Note H below). Accordingly, GE is no longer the Company’s lender. Dr. Kapoor is the President of EJ Financial Enterprises, Inc., a healthcare consulting investment company (“EJ Financial”) and EJ Financial is the general partner of EJ Funds. Dr. Kapoor is the Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors and the holder of a significant stock position in the Company.
     Based on the Company’s operating plan, its existing working capital is not sufficient to meet the cash requirements to fund its planned operating expenses, capital expenditures, and working capital requirements without additional sources of cash and/or the deferral, reduction or elimination of significant planned expenditures. The Company is evaluating alternatives for cost reduction as well as certain efficiency and cost containment measures to improve its profitability and cash flow. Currently, the Company has no commitments to obtain additional capital, and there can be no assurance that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to the Company, if at all.
NOTE B — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
     Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions for the Company relate to the allowance for doubtful accounts, the allowance for chargebacks, the allowance for rebates, the allowance for product returns and discounts, the reserve for slow-moving and obsolete inventories, the carrying value of intangible assets and the carrying value of deferred income tax assets.
     Chargebacks: The Company enters into contractual agreements with certain third parties such as hospitals and group-purchasing organizations to sell certain products at predetermined prices. The parties have elected to have these contracts administered through wholesalers that buy the product from the Company and subsequently sell it to these third parties. When a wholesaler sells products to one of these third parties that are subject to a contractual price agreement, the difference between the price paid to the Company by the wholesaler and the price under the specific contract is charged back to the Company by the wholesaler. The Company tracks sales and submitted chargebacks by product number and contract for each wholesaler. Utilizing this information, the Company estimates a chargeback percentage for each product. The Company reduces gross sales and increases the chargeback allowance by the estimated chargeback amount for each product sold to a wholesaler. The Company reduces the chargeback allowance when it processes a request for a chargeback from a wholesaler. Actual chargebacks processed by the Company can vary materially from period to period based upon actual sales volume through the wholesalers. However, the Company’s expense provision for chargebacks is recorded at the time when sales revenues are recognized.
     Management obtains certain wholesaler inventory reports to aid in analyzing the reasonableness of the chargeback allowance. The Company assesses the reasonableness of its chargeback allowance by applying the product chargeback percentage based on historical activity to the quantities of inventory on hand per the wholesaler inventory reports and an estimate of in-transit inventory that is not reported on the wholesaler inventory reports at the end of the period. In accordance with its accounting policy, the Company’s estimate of the percentage amount of wholesaler inventory that will ultimately be sold to a third party that is subject to a contractual price agreement is based on a six-quarter trend of such sales through wholesalers. The Company uses this percentage estimate (95% in 2009 and 2008) until historical trends indicate that a revision should be made.

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     On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its actual chargeback rate experience and new trends are factored into its estimates each quarter as market conditions change.
     Sales Returns: Certain of the Company’s products are sold with the customer having the right to return the product within specified periods and guidelines for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to, pending expiration dates. Provisions are made at the time of sale based upon tracked historical experience, by customer in some cases. The Company estimates its sales returns reserve based on a historical percentage of returns to sales utilizing a twelve month look back period. One-time historical factors or pending new developments that would impact the expected level of returns are taken into account to determine the appropriate reserve estimate at each balance sheet date.
     As part of the evaluation of the balance required, the Company considers actual returns to date that are in process, the expected impact of any product recalls and the wholesaler’s inventory information to assess the magnitude of unconsumed product that may result in a sales return to the Company in the future. The sales returns level can be impacted by factors such as overall market demand and market competition and availability for substitute products which can increase or decrease the end-user pull through for sales of the Company’s products and ultimately impact the level of sales returns. Actual returns experience and trends are factored into the Company’s estimates each quarter as market conditions change.
NOTE C — STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share Based Payment” (SFAS 123(R)), applying the modified prospective method. Prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company applied the provisions of APB Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” in accounting for its stock-based awards, and accordingly, recognized no compensation cost for its stock plans other than for its restricted stock awards.
Under the modified prospective method, SFAS 123(R) applies to new awards and to awards that were outstanding as of December 31, 2005 that are subsequently vested, modified, repurchased or cancelled. Compensation expense recognized during the first three months of 2009 includes the portion vesting during the period for (1) all share-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested as of December 31, 2005, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” (SFAS 123) and (2) all share-based payments granted subsequent to December 31, 2005, based on the grant-date fair value estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.
Under SFAS No. 123(R), stock compensation cost is estimated at the grant date based on the fair value of the award, and the cost is recognized as expense ratably over the vesting period. The Company uses the Black-Scholes model for estimating the fair value of stock options in providing the pro forma fair value method disclosures pursuant to SFAS No. 123(R). Determining the assumptions that enter into the model is highly subjective and requires judgment. The Company uses an expected volatility that is based on the historical volatility of its stock. The expected life assumption is based on historical employee exercise patterns and employee post-vesting termination behavior. The risk-free interest rate for the expected term of the option is based on the average market rate on U.S. treasury securities in effect during the quarter in which the options were granted. The dividend yield reflects historical experience as well as future expectations over the expected term of the option. Also, under SFAS No. 123(R), the Company is required to estimate forfeitures at the time of grant and revise in subsequent periods, if necessary, if actual forfeitures differ from those estimates. After reviewing historical forfeiture information, the Company decided to revise its estimate from 10% used in the quarter ended March, 31, 2008 to 13% as an estimated forfeiture rate for 2009.
Stock option compensation expense of $795,000 was recognized during the first quarter of 2009, of which $293,000 relates to the accelerated vesting of the Company’s former CEO’s stock options. For awards issued prior to January 1, 2006, the Company used the multiple award method for allocating the compensation cost to each period. For awards issued on or after January 1, 2006, concurrent with the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company has elected to use the single-award method for allocating the compensation cost to each period.

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The weighted-average assumptions used in estimating the fair value of the stock options granted during the period, along with the weighted-average grant date fair values, were as follows:
                 
    THREE MONTHS   THREE MONTHS
    ENDED   ENDED
    MARCH 31, 2009   MARCH 31, 2008
     
Expected volatility
    78 %     44 %
Expected life (in years)
    4.0       4.0  
Risk-free interest rate
    1.8 %     2.8 %
Dividend yield
           
Fair value per stock option
  $ 1.12     $ 2.62  
Forfeiture rate
    13 %     10 %
A summary of stock-based compensation activity within the Company’s stock-based compensation plans for the three-month period ended March 31, 2009 is as follows:
                                 
                    Weighted Average    
    Number of   Weighted   Remaining   Aggregate
    Shares   Average   Contractual Term   Intrinsic Value
    (in thousands)   Exercise Price   (Years)   (in thousands)
 
Outstanding at December 31, 2008
    3,684     $ 5.20       2.56     $ 43,500  
Granted
    80                          
Exercised
                             
Forfeited
    (22 )                        
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2009
    3,742     $ 5.15       1.88     $ 0  
 
Exercisable at March 31, 2009
    2,865     $ 5.16       1.40     $ 0  
 
The aggregate intrinsic value for stock options outstanding and exercisable is defined as the difference between the market value of the Company’s common stock as of the end of the period and the exercise price of the stock options. No stock options were exercised during the first quarter of 2009.
The Company also grants restricted stock awards to certain employees and members of its Board of Directors. Restricted stock awards are valued at the closing market value of the Company’s common stock on the day of grant and the total value of the award is recognized as expense ratably over the vesting period of the employees receiving the grants. The Company granted restricted stock awards valued at $120,000 during the first quarter of 2009. As of March 31, 2009, the total amount of unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested restricted stock awards was $171,000. The Company recognized compensation expense of $160,000 during the first quarter of 2009 related to outstanding restricted stock awards, of which $26,000 relates to the accelerated vesting of the Company’s former CEO’s restricted stock awards.
The following is a summary of nonvested restricted stock activity:
                 
    Number of Shares   Weighted Average
    (in thousands)   Grant Date Fair Value
 
Nonvested at December 31, 2008
    125     $ 5.74  
Granted
    55       2.19  
Vested
    (130 )     4.06  
 
Nonvested at March 31, 2009
    50       6.20  
 
NOTE D — REVENUE RECOGNITION
     The Company recognizes product sales for its ophthalmic, hospital drugs & injectables, and biologics & vaccines business segments upon the shipment of goods or upon the delivery of goods as appropriate. Revenue is recognized when all obligations of the Company have been fulfilled and collection of the related receivable is probable.

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     The contract services segment, which produces products for third party customers based upon their specifications and at pre-determined prices, also recognizes sales upon the shipment of goods or upon delivery of the product or service as appropriate. Revenue is recognized when all obligations of the Company have been fulfilled and collection of the related receivable is probable.
     Provision for estimated doubtful accounts, chargebacks, rebates, discounts and product returns is made at the time of sale and is analyzed and adjusted, if necessary, at each balance sheet date.
NOTE E — ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE ALLOWANCES
     The nature of the Company’s business inherently involves, in the ordinary course, significant amounts and substantial volumes of transactions and estimates relating to allowances for doubtful accounts, product returns, chargebacks, rebates and discounts given to customers. This is a natural circumstance of the pharmaceutical industry and not specific to the Company and inherently lengthens the final net collections process. Depending on the product, the end-user customer, the specific terms of national supply contracts and the particular arrangements with the Company’s wholesaler customers, certain rebates, chargebacks and other credits are deducted from the Company’s accounts receivable. The process of claiming these deductions depends on wholesalers reporting to the Company the amount of deductions that were earned under the respective terms with end-user customers (which in turn depends on which end-user customer, with different pricing arrangements might be entitled to a particular deduction). This process can lead to partial payments against outstanding invoices as the wholesalers take the claimed deductions at the time of payment.
     The provisions for the following customer reserves are reflected in the accompanying financial statements as reductions of revenues in the statements of operations with the exception of the allowance for doubtful accounts which is reflected as part of selling, general and administrative expense. The ending reserve amounts are included in trade accounts receivable in the balance sheet.
     Net trade accounts receivable consists of the following (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2009     2008  
Gross accounts receivable
  $ 23,753     $ 18,723  
Less:
               
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    (29 )     (22 )
Returns reserve
    (1,939 )     (2,539 )
Discount and allowances reserve
    (465 )     (322 )
Chargeback and rebates reserves
    (8,643 )     (9,311 )
 
           
Net trade accounts receivable
  $ 12,677     $ 6,529  
 
           
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company recorded chargeback and rebate expense of $7,590,000 and $8,310,000, respectively. This decrease was primarily due to a favorable sales mix of lower chargeback products in 2009.
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company recorded a provision for product returns of $532,000 and $114,000 respectively. The increase in the provision was due to increased sales and less favorable wholesaler returns experience.
     For the three-month period ended March 31, 2009, the Company recorded a net provision for doubtful accounts of $7,000. For the three-month period ended March 31, 2008, the Company recorded a net benefit for doubtful accounts of $2,000.
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the Company recorded a provision for cash discounts of $509,000 and $391,000, respectively. These increases primarily relate to the increases in sales for the quarter.

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NOTE F — INVENTORIES
     The components of inventories are as follows (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2009     2008  
Finished goods
  $ 19,887     $ 21,000  
Work in process
    1,960       1,802  
Raw materials and supplies
    7,819       7,361  
 
           
 
  $ 29,666     $ 30,163  
 
           
     The Company maintains reserves and records provisions for slow-moving and obsolete inventory as well as inventory with a carrying value in excess of its net realizable value. Inventory at March 31, 2009 and December 31, 2008 is reported net of these reserves of $1,106,000 and $1,179,000, respectively, primarily related to finished goods. At March 31, 2009, the Company had $864,000 in its ending inventory for raw material related to its generic oral Vancomycin capsule product. The Company has not yet received approval from the FDA to market its oral Vancomycin product.
NOTE G — PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
     Property, plant and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2009     2008  
Land
  $ 396     $ 396  
Buildings and leasehold improvements
    19,741       19,607  
Furniture and equipment
    46,612       46,297  
 
           
Sub-total
    66,749       66,300  
Accumulated depreciation
    (33,680 )     (32,710 )
 
           
 
    33,069       33,590  
 
               
Construction in progress
    485       633  
 
           
Property, plant and equipment, net
  $ 33,554     $ 34,223  
 
           
NOTE H — FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
Subordinated Note Payable
     On July 28, 2008, the Company borrowed $5,000,000 from The John N. Kapoor Trust dated September 20, 1989 (the “Kapoor Trust”), the sole trustee and sole beneficiary of which is Dr. John N. Kapoor, the Company’s Chairman of the Board of Directors and the holder of a significant stock position in the Company, in return for issuing the trust a Subordinated Promissory Note (“Subordinated Note”). The note accrues interest at a rate of 15% per year and is due and payable on July 28, 2009. The proceeds from this note were used in conjunction with the amended MBL Distribution Agreement that was negotiated with the Massachusetts Biologic Laboratories of the University of Massachusetts Medical School (“MBL”) (see also Note L — Commitments and Contingencies).
Credit Facility
     On January 7, 2009, the Company entered into a Credit Agreement (the “Credit Agreement”) with General Electric Capital Corporation (“GE Capital”) as agent for several financial institutions (the “Lenders”) to replace its previous credit agreement with Bank of America which expired on January 1, 2009. Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Lenders agreed, among other things, to extend loans to the Company under a revolving credit facility (including a letter of credit subfacility) up to an aggregate principal amount of $25,000,000 (the “Credit Facility”). At the Company’s election, borrowings under the Credit Facility bore interest at a rate equal to either: (i) the Base Rate (defined as the highest of the Wall Street Journal prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.5% or LIBOR plus 1.0%), plus a margin equal to (x) 4% for the period commencing on the closing date through April 14, 2009, or (y) a percentage that ranged between 3.75% and 4.25% for the period after April 14, 2009, or (ii) LIBOR (or 2.75%, if LIBOR is less than 2.75%), plus a margin equal to (x) 5% for the period commencing on the closing date through April 14, 2009, or (y) a percentage that ranged between

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4.75% and 5.25% for the period after April 14, 2009. Upon the occurrence of any event of default, the Company was to pay interest equal to an additional 2.0% per year. The Credit Agreement contained affirmative, negative and financial covenants customary for financings of this type. The negative covenants included restrictions on liens, indebtedness, payments of dividends, disposition of assets, fundamental changes, loans and investments, transactions with affiliates and negative pledges. The financial covenants included fixed charge coverage ratio, minimum-EBITDA, minimum liquidity and a maximum level of capital expenditures. In addition, the Company’s obligations under the Credit Agreement could have been accelerated upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Credit Agreement, which included customary events of default such as payment defaults, defaults in the performance of affirmative and negative covenants, the inaccuracy of representations or warranties, bankruptcy and insolvency related defaults, defaults relating to judgments, defaults relating to certain governmental enforcement actions, and a change of control default.
     Also on January 7, 2009, in connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company entered into a Guaranty and Security Agreement (the “Guaranty and Security Agreement”) with GE Capital, as agent for the Lenders and each other secured party thereunder. Pursuant to the Guaranty and Security Agreement, the Company granted a security interest to GE Capital in the collateral described in the Guaranty and Security Agreement as security for the Credit Facility. The Company’s obligations were secured by substantially all of its assets, excluding its ownership interest in Akorn-Strides, LLC and in certain licenses and other property in which assignments are prohibited by confidential provisions.
     In connection with the Credit Agreement, on January 7, 2009, the Company also entered into a Mortgage, Security Agreement, Assignment of Leases and Rents, Financing Statement and Fixture Filing by the Company, in favor of GE Capital, relating to the real property owned by the Company located in Decatur, IL. The Mortgages granted a security interest in the two parcels of real property to GE Capital, as security for the Credit Facility.
     Also on January 7, 2009, in connection with the Credit Agreement, the Company entered into a Subordination Agreement with the Kapoor Trust and GE Capital, as agent for the Lenders. Pursuant to the Subordination Agreement, the Kapoor Trust and the Company agreed that the Subordinated Note payable to the Kapoor Trust was subordinated to the Credit Facility, except that so long as there was no event of default outstanding under the Credit Agreement, the Company could repay that debt in full if the repayment occurred by July 28, 2009.
     On February 19, 2009, GE Capital informed the Company that it was applying a reserve against availability which effectively restricted the Company’s borrowings under the Credit Agreement to the balance outstanding as of February 19, 2009, which was $5,523,620. GE Capital advised that it had applied this reserve due to concerns about financial performance, including the Company’s prospective compliance with certain covenants in the Credit Agreement for the quarter ended March 31, 2009.
     On March 31, 2009, the Company consented to an Assignment Agreement (“Assignment”) between GE Capital and EJ Funds LP (“EJ Funds”) which transferred to EJ Funds all of GE Capital’s rights and obligations under the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the Assignment, EJ Funds became the agent and lender under the Credit Agreement. Accordingly, GE is no longer the Company’s lender. Dr. Kapoor is the President of EJ Financial Enterprises, Inc., a healthcare consulting investment company (“EJ Financial”) and EJ Financial is the general partner of EJ Funds.
     In connection with the Assignment, on April 13, 2009, the Company entered into a Modification, Warrant and Investor Rights Agreement (the “Modification Agreement”) with EJ Funds that, among other things, (i) reduced the revolving loan commitment under the Credit Agreement to $5,650,000, (ii) provided an extended cure period until July 22, 2009 for any event, other than specified types of “Material Defaults” listed in the Modification Agreement, which could constitute an Event of Default under the Credit Agreement, unless that period is terminated earlier due to the occurrence of a Material Default or as otherwise provided in the Modification Agreement, (iii) set the interest rate for all amounts outstanding under the Credit Agreement at an annual rate of 10% with interest payable monthly, (iv) granted a security interest in and lien upon all the collateral under the Credit Agreement to the Kapoor Trust as security for the Subordinated Note, and (v) requires the Company, within 30 days after the date of the Modification Agreement, to enter into security documents consisting of a security agreement and mortgages (if requested by the Kapoor Trust) in form and substance substantially similar to the corresponding security documents under the Credit Agreement for the Kapoor Trust’s interest in connection with the Subordinated Note. The Modification Agreement also granted EJ Funds the right to require the Company to nominate two directors to serve on its Board of Directors. The Kapoor Trust is entitled to require the Company to nominate a third director under its Stock Purchase Agreement dated November 15, 1990 with the Kapoor Trust. In addition, the Company agreed to pay all accrued legal fees and other expenses of EJ Funds that relate to the Credit Agreement and other loan documents, including legal expenses incurred with respect to the Modification Agreement and the Assignment.

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     Pursuant to the Modification Agreement, on April 13, 2009 the Company granted EJ Funds a warrant (the “Modification Warrant”) to purchase 1,939,639 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $1.11 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The Modification Warrant expires five years after its issuance and is exercisable upon payment of the exercise price in cash or by means of a cashless exercise yielding a net share figure. Under the Modification Agreement, the Company has the right to convert the Subordinated Note into term indebtedness under the Credit Agreement in exchange for additional warrants, on terms substantially identical to the Modification Warrant, to purchase 343,299 shares of its common stock for each $1,000,000 of converted debt. The exercise price of those warrants would also be $1.11 per share. The estimated fair value of the Modification Warrant, using a Black-Scholes valuation model, is $1,357,747. This amount was capitalized as deferred financing costs and is included in other long term assets in the accompanying balance sheet.
     In 2008, the Company capitalized $272,000 of loan origination fees and costs in association with the Credit Facility. In 2009, the Company incurred closing costs and additional legal fees related to the Credit Facility of $1,182,000. Upon the assignment of the Credit Facility to EJ Funds, the Company expensed the total deferred financing costs of $1,454,000. In 2009, the Company capitalized $1,358,000 for the fair value of the Modification Warrant and $92,000 for other costs in association with the assignment of the Credit Facility.
NOTE I — COMMON STOCK ISSUANCE
     On March 8, 2006, the Company issued 4,311,669 shares of its common stock in a private placement with various investors at a price of $4.50 per share which included warrants to purchase 1,509,088 additional shares of common stock. The warrants are exercisable for a five-year period at an exercise price of $5.40 per share and may be exercised by cash payment of the exercise price or by means of a cashless exercise. All 1,509,088 warrants remained outstanding as of March 31, 2009. The total price of the private placement was approximately $19,402,000 and the net proceeds to the Company, after payment of approximately $1,324,000 of commissions and expenses, was approximately $18,078,000. The net proceeds were allocated based on the relative fair market values of the common stock and warrants with $16,257,000 allocated to the common stock and $1,821,000 allocated to the warrants.
NOTE J — EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
     Basic net loss per common share is based upon weighted average common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, including the dilutive effect, if any, of stock options and warrants using the treasury stock method. However, for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, the assumed exercise of any of these securities would have been anti-dilutive and, accordingly, the diluted loss per share equals the basic loss per share for that period.
     The number of such shares as of March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008 subject to warrants was 5,406,000 and 1,965,000, respectively. The number of such shares as of March 31, 2009 and March 31, 2008 subject to stock options was 3,741,000 and 4,448,000, respectively.
NOTE K — INDUSTRY SEGMENT INFORMATION
     The Company classifies its operations into four business segments: ophthalmic, hospital drugs & injectables, biologics & vaccines, and contract services. The ophthalmic segment manufactures, markets and distributes diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals. The hospital drugs & injectables segment manufactures, markets and distributes drugs and injectable pharmaceuticals, primarily in niche markets. The biologics & vaccines segment markets adult Tetanus Diphtheria (“Td”) and Flu vaccines directly to hospitals and physicians as well as through wholesalers and national distributors. The contract services segment manufactures products for third party pharmaceutical and biotechnology customers based on their specifications. The Company’s basis of accounting in preparing its segment information is consistent with that used in preparing its consolidated financial statements.

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     Selected financial information by industry segment is presented below (in thousands).
                 
    THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31,  
    2009     2008  
REVENUES
               
Ophthalmic
  $ 5,080     $ 5,953  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables
    4,528       5,082  
Biologics & Vaccines
    10,698       1,817  
Contract Services
    1,734       1,607  
 
           
Total revenues
  $ 22,040     $ 14,459  
 
           
GROSS PROFIT
               
Ophthalmic
  $ 1,008     $ 1,842  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables
    884       1,101  
Biologics & Vaccines
    3,371       368  
Contract Services
    99       436  
 
           
Total gross profit
    5,362       3,747  
Operating expenses
    14,379       8,972  
 
           
Operating loss
    (9,017 )     (5,225 )
Interest and other income (expense)
    (218 )     (316 )
Write off of deferred financing costs
    (1,454 )      
 
           
Loss before income taxes
  $ (10,689 )   $ (5,541 )
     The Company manages its business segments to the gross profit level and manages its operating and other costs on a company-wide basis. Intersegment activity at the gross profit level is minimal. The Company does not identify assets by segment for internal purposes, as certain manufacturing and warehouse facilities support more than one segment.
NOTE L — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
     (i) The Company has an outstanding product warranty reserve which relates to a ten-year expiration guarantee on DTPA sold to HHS in 2006. The Company is performing yearly stability studies for this product and, if the annual stability does not support the ten-year product life, it will replace the product at no charge. The Company’s supplier, Hameln Pharmaceuticals, will also share one-half of this cost if the product does not meet the stability requirement. If the ongoing product testing confirms the ten-year stability for DTPA, the Company will not incur a replacement cost and this reserve will be eliminated with a corresponding reduction to cost of sales after the ten-year period.
     (ii) In July 2008, the Company and MBL amended their Exclusive Distribution Agreement dated as of March 22, 2007 (the “MBL Distribution Agreement”) to: (i) allow the Company to destroy its remaining inventory of Td vaccine, 15 dose/vial, in exchange for receiving an equivalent number of doses of preservative-free Td vaccine, 1 dose/vial (the “Single-dose Product”) at no additional cost other than destruction and documentation expenses; (ii) reduce the purchase price of the Single-dose Product during the first year of the MBL Distribution Agreement by approximately 14.4%; (iii) reduce the Company’s purchase commitment for the second year by approximately 34.7%; and (iv) reduce the Company’s purchase commitment for the third year by approximately 39.5%.
     The Company was subsequently unable to make a payment of approximately $3,375,000 for Td vaccine products which was due to MBL by February 27, 2009 under its MBL Distribution Agreement. While the Company made a partial payment of $1,000,000 to MBL on March 13, 2009, it would have also been unable to make another payment of approximately $3,375,000 due to MBL on March 28, 2009. Accordingly, the Company entered into a letter agreement with MBL on March 27, 2009 (“MBL Letter Agreement”), pursuant to which it agreed to pay MBL the $5,750,000 remaining due for these Td vaccine products plus an additional $4,750,000 in consideration of the amendments to the MBL Distribution Agreement payable according to a periodic payment schedule through June 30, 2010 (the “Settlement Payments”). In addition, pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement, the MBL Distribution Agreement was converted to a non-exclusive agreement, the Company became obligated to provide MBL with a standby letter of credit by April 12, 2009 to secure its obligation to pay amounts due to MBL (the “L/C”), and the Company was released from its obligation to further purchase Td vaccine products from MBL upon providing MBL with such L/C. In addition, pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement, MBL agreed not to declare a breach or otherwise act to terminate the MBL Distribution Agreement, if the Company complied with the terms of the MBL

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Letter Agreement, the MBL Distribution Agreement (as amended by the MBL Letter Agreement) and any agreements required to be entered into pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement.
     On April 15, 2009, the Company entered into a Settlement Agreement with MBL (the “MBL Settlement Agreement”) to elaborate the MBL Letter Agreement. The MBL Settlement Agreement provides that the Company will pay MBL the Settlement Payments according to a monthly payment schedule through June 30, 2010. The MBL Settlement Agreement provides that MBL may only draw on the L/C if: (i) the Company fails to make any Settlement Payment when due, (ii) any Settlement Payment made is set aside or otherwise required to be repaid by MBL, or (iii) the Company becomes the debtor in a bankruptcy or other insolvency proceeding begun before October 6, 2010 and no replacement letter of credit has been issued prior to the expiration of the L/C.
     Also on April 15, 2009, the Company entered into an amendment to the MBL Distribution Agreement with MBL (the “MBL Amendment”). The MBL Amendment modified the MBL Distribution Agreement to, among other things, eliminate the Company’s future minimum purchase requirements under the MBL Distribution Agreement.
     On April 15, 2009, the Company entered into a Reimbursement and Warrant Agreement (the “Reimbursement Agreement”) with EJ Funds and the Kapoor Trust, pursuant to which the Kapoor Trust agreed to provide the L/C as security for the Company’s payment obligations to MBL under the MBL Letter Agreement and the MBL Settlement Agreement. Simultaneous with the delivery of the Reimbursement Agreement, the L/C was issued by the Bank of America in favor of MBL. The Reimbursement Agreement provides, among other things, that the Company will reimburse the Kapoor Trust for any draws by MBL under the L/C through the mechanism of causing the amount of the draws to become term indebtedness payable to the Kapoor Trust on the same terms as the revolving debt under the Credit Agreement. All of the Company’s obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement will also be considered secured obligations under the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the Reimbursement Agreement, the Company also issued a warrant to the Kapoor Trust (the “Reimbursement Warrant”) to purchase 1,501,933 shares of its common stock at an exercise price of $1.11 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The Reimbursement Warrant expires five years from the date of issuance and is exercisable upon payment of the exercise price in cash or by means of a cashless exercise yielding a net share figure. In addition, the Reimbursement Agreement provides that the Company must issue the Kapoor Trust additional warrants, at that same price of $1.11 per share, to purchase 200,258 shares of its common stock per $1,000,000 drawn on the L/C. The estimated fair value of the Reimbursement Warrant, using a Black-Scholes valuation model, is $1,051,353. This amount is recorded in supply agreement termination expenses in the accompanying statement of operations.
     The shares of the Company’s common stock issuable upon exercise of the Modification Warrant and the Reimbursement Warrant, along with those other warrants that may be issued under the Modification Agreement and Reimbursement Agreement and other shares of common stock held by EJ Funds, the Kapoor Trust and their affiliates, are subject to registration rights as set forth in the Modification Agreement. Under the Modification Agreement, the Company agreed to file a registration statement with the SEC within 75 days of the date of the Modification Agreement. The Company also agreed to continue the effectiveness of the registration statement until the earliest of the dates (i) all securities registrable thereunder have been sold, (ii) all such registrable securities may be sold in a single transaction by their holders to the public under Rule 144 under the Securities Act of 1933, and (iii) no shares of the Company’s common stock registered under the registration statement qualify as “registrable securities” thereunder.
     (iii) On January 29, 2009, Arthur S. Przybyl was notified he would no longer be the President and Chief Executive Officer of the Company. Mr. Przybyl’s Executive Employment Agreement dated April 24, 2006, which was filed with the SEC as Exhibit 10.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s Current Report on Form 8-K filed April 28, 2006, required the Company to pay severance under certain circumstances specified in the Executive Employment Agreement. The Company has advised Mr. Przybyl that it does not believe those circumstances occurred. Mr. Przybyl has demanded an arbitration to resolve these issues. Accordingly, the Company does not yet know whether it will ultimately pay Mr. Przybyl any severance or, if so, how much will be paid. The Company has also asserted claims against Mr. Przybyl.
     (iv) The Company is a party in other legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, management of the Company at this time does not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on the financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows of the Company.
NOTE M — CUSTOMER AND SUPPLIER CONCENTRATION
     AmerisourceBergen Health Corporation (“Amerisource”), Cardinal Health, Inc. (“Cardinal”) and McKesson Drug Company (“McKesson”) are all distributors of the Company’s products, as well as suppliers of a broad range of health care products. These three

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customers accounted for 67% and 69% of the Company’s gross revenues and 57% and 52% of net revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. They accounted for approximately 65% and 73% of the gross accounts receivable balance as of March 31, 2009 and 2008, respectively. No other customers accounted for more than 10% of gross sales, net revenues or gross trade receivables for the indicated dates and periods.
     If sales to any of Amerisource, Cardinal or McKesson were to diminish or cease, the Company believes that the end users of its products would find little difficulty obtaining the Company’s products either directly from the Company or from another distributor.
     For the three months ended March 31, 2009, MBL (Td vaccine) accounted for 71% of the Company’s purchases. For the three months ended March 31, 2008, MBL (Td vaccine) and Draxis Pharma (supplier for IC Green) accounted for 77% and 11%, respectively, of the Company’s purchases.
     The Company requires a supply of quality raw materials and components to manufacture and package pharmaceutical products for its own use and for third parties with which it has contracted. The principal components of the Company’s products are active and inactive pharmaceutical ingredients and certain packaging materials. Certain of these ingredients and components are available from only a single source and, in the case of certain of the Company’s ANDAs and New Drug Applications, only one supplier of raw materials has been identified. Because FDA approval of drugs requires manufacturers to specify their proposed suppliers of active ingredients and certain packaging materials in their applications, FDA approval of any new supplier would be required if active ingredients or such packaging materials were no longer available from the specified supplier. The qualification of a new supplier could delay the Company’s development and marketing efforts. If for any reason the Company is unable to obtain sufficient quantities of any of the raw materials or components required to produce and package its products, it may not be able to manufacture its products as planned, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.
NOTE N — RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
     In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. In February of 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff position 157-2 which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for non-financial assets and liabilities which are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis (at least annually) until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. The Company adopted SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2008 and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operation or financial position.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Non-Controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes new standards for the accounting for and reporting of non-controlling interests (formerly minority interests) and for the loss of control of partially owned and consolidated subsidiaries. SFAS 160 does not change the criteria for consolidating a partially owned entity. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The Company adopted SFAS 160 effective January 1, 2009 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) (“SFAS 141R”), a revision of SFAS 141, “Business Combinations.” SFAS 141R establishes requirements for the recognition and measurement of acquired assets, liabilities, goodwill, and non-controlling interests. SFAS 141R also provides disclosure requirements related to business combinations. SFAS 141R is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141R will be applied prospectively to business combinations with an acquisition date on or after the effective date.
     In April 2008, the FASB issued FSP SFAS No. 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets. The FSP amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The intent of the FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), Business Combinations, and other U.S. GAAP. The FSP is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. The Company adopted FSP SFAS No. 142-3 effective January 1, 2009 and the adoption did not have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.

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NOTE O — UNCONSOLIDATED JOINT VENTURE
     The Joint Venture Company launched its first commercialized product in the third quarter of 2008. The Joint Venture Company purchases product from Strides while the Company assists with the sales and product distribution/fulfillment functions. The Company and Strides each own a 50% interest in the Joint Venture Company.
     Operating results of the Joint Venture Company for the three months ended March 31, 2009 included revenue of $868,000, gross profit of $559,000 and net income of $120,000. The Company’s 50% share of the Joint Venture Company net income, $60,000, is reflected as part of other income on the Company’s statement of operations and statement of cash flows.

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Item 2.
AKORN, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND FACTORS AFFECTING FUTURE RESULTS
     Certain statements in this Form 10-Q constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. When used in this document, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate” and “expect” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the intent, belief or expectations of Akorn or its management are not guarantees of future performance. These statements involve risks and uncertainties and actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to:
    Our ability to comply with all of the requirements of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), including current Good Manufacturing Practices regulations;
 
    Our ability to avoid defaults under debt covenants;
 
    Our ability to obtain regulatory approvals for products manufactured in our new lyophilization facility;
 
    Our ability to generate cash from operations sufficient to meet our working capital requirements;
 
    Our ability to obtain additional funding or financing to operate and grow our business;
 
    The effects of federal, state and other governmental regulation on our business;
 
    Our success in developing, manufacturing, acquiring and marketing new products;
 
    Our success in gaining additional market share for our Td vaccine purchased by hospitals and physicians through our key wholesalers, distributors and direct sales channels;
 
    Our ability to make timely payments to our Td vaccine supplier;
 
    The success of our strategic partnerships for the development and marketing of new products;
 
    Our ability to bring new products to market and the effects of sales of such products on our financial results;
 
    The effects of competition from generic pharmaceuticals and from other pharmaceutical companies;
 
    Availability of raw materials needed to produce our products; and
 
    Other factors referred to in this Form 10-Q, our Form 10-K and our other Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
     As a result of our lack of liquidity, limited capital resources, continued operating losses and accumulated debt, we have concluded there is substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern - see “Financial Condition and Liquidity” discussed below.
THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2009 COMPARED TO THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2008
     The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, revenues by segment, excluding intersegment sales (in thousands):

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    THREE MONTHS ENDED  
    MARCH 31,  
    2009     2008  
Ophthalmic segment
  $ 5,080     $ 5,953  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables segment
    4,528       5,082  
Biologics & Vaccines segment
    10,698       1,817  
Contract Services segment
    1,734       1,607  
 
           
Total revenues
  $ 22,040     $ 14,459  
 
           
     Consolidated revenues increased $7,581,000 or 52.4% in the quarter ended March 31, 2009 compared to the same period in 2008 mainly due to increased sales of Td vaccine.
     Vaccine sales increased by $8,881,000 primarily due to an increase in sales of our Td vaccine products as we increased our market share for Td vaccines. Ophthalmic segment revenues decreased 14.7%, or $873,000, primarily due to a $469,000 floor stock price adjustment for AktenTM and generally lower market demand. Hospital drugs and injectables segment revenues decreased 10.9% or $554,000 for the year, reflecting the decreased sales of anesthesia and antidote products. Contract services revenues increased by 7.9%, or $127,000, mainly due to increased order volumes on ophthalmic contract products.
     Consolidated gross profit was $5,362,000 or 24.3% for the first quarter of 2009 as compared to a gross profit of $3,747,000 or 25.9% in the same period a year ago mainly due to the sales volume variation matters for each segment discussed above. We continue to seek margin enhancement opportunities through our product offerings as well as through efficiencies and cost reductions at our operating facilities.
     Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased by $740,000 or 11.8%, during the quarter ended March 31, 2009 as compared to the same period in 2008. The key components of this increase in 2009 were $140,000 in increased legal fees, $240,000 due to increased building rental expense, and $331,000 in additional SFAS 123(R) stock option compensation expense related primarily to the accelerated vesting of our former CEO’s unvested stock options.
     In the first quarter of 2009, we recognized $5,830,000 in expense related to the settlement of our supply agreement with the Massachusetts Biologic Laboratories of the University of Massachusetts Medical School (“MBL”) which consisted of $4,750,000 in settlement payments, $1,051,000 in costs for warrants associated with a letter of credit guarantee for the $10,500,000 in total payments due MBL, and $29,000 in other related costs (see “Contractual Obligations” below).
     Research and development (“R&D”) expense decreased $1,399,000 or 58.9% in the quarter, to $977,000 from $2,376,000 for the same period in 2008. The first quarter 2008 R&D expense reflects a write-off of certain product related filing and license fees totaling $1,246,000.
     Net interest expense for the first quarter of 2009 was $278,000 versus net interest expense of $115,000 for the same period in 2008. This increase is primarily due to the interest payable on our subordinated note which commenced in the third quarter of 2008.
     For the three-month period ended March 31, 2009, the income tax provision was $2,000 versus income tax provision of $3,000 during the same period in 2008. This relates to minimum state income tax assessments.
     We reported a net loss of $10,691,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2009, versus a net loss of $5,544,000 for the same period in 2008 mainly due to higher SG&A and net interest expense, along with the 2009 expenses associated with the termination of our supply agreement with MBL, partially offset by increased sales volume and gross profit, along with lower R&D expense as discussed above.
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
Overview
     During the three-month period ended March 31, 2009, we used $1,532,000 in cash from operations, primarily due to the $10,691,000 net loss and a $6,148,000 accounts receivable increase in line with higher sales, partially offset by a $3,993,000 increase in accounts payable and $4,750,000 in supply agreement termination liabilities associated with our Td vaccine supply agreement termination. In addition we had $1,454,000 in deferred financing cost write-offs along with non-cash depreciation, amortization, stock compensation and supply agreement termination expense totaling $3,551,000.

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     During the three-month period ended March 31, 2008, we used $9,359,000 in cash from operations, primarily due to the net loss, a $6,868,000 change in working capital items mainly due to an increase in inventory and reduced accounts payable related to payments for vaccine inventory, offset by non-cash expenses of $1,807,000 for the period. Investing activities generated a $269,000 reduction in cash flow mainly due to capital expenditures for production equipment. Financing activities provided $5,107,000 in cash, primarily due to the $6,743,000 in proceeds from our then existing Credit Facility with Bank of America and $517,000 in proceeds from stock option and warrant exercises, partially offset by an increase in the restricted cash requirement of $2,050,000.
     As a result of our lack of liquidity, limited capital resources, continued operating losses and accumulated debt, we have concluded there is substantial doubt as to our ability to continue as a going concern. These factors may make it more difficult for us to obtain additional funding to meet our obligations. Our ability to continue as a going concern is dependent upon our ability to generate or obtain sufficient cash to meet our obligations on a timely basis. Based on our operating plan, our existing working capital is not sufficient to meet the cash requirements to fund our planned operating expenses, capital expenditures, and working capital requirements without additional sources of cash and/or the deferral, reduction or elimination of significant planned expenditures. Currently, we have no commitments to obtain additional capital, and there can be no assurance that financing will be available in amounts or on terms acceptable to us, if at all.
Credit Facility
     On January 7, 2009, we entered into a Credit Agreement (“Credit Agreement”) with General Electric Capital Corporation (“GE Capital”) as agent for several financial institutions (the “Lenders”) to replace our previous credit agreement with Bank of America which expired on January 1, 2009. Pursuant to the Credit Agreement, the Lenders agreed, among other things, to extend loans to us under a revolving credit facility (including a letter of credit subfacility) up to an aggregate principal amount of $25,000,000 (the “Credit Facility”). At our election, borrowings under the Credit Facility bore interest at a rate equal to either: (i) the Base Rate (defined as the highest of the Wall Street Journal prime rate, the federal funds rate plus 0.5% or LIBOR plus 1.0%), plus a margin equal to (x) 4% for the period commencing on the closing date through April 14, 2009, or (y) a percentage that ranged between 3.75% and 4.25% for the period after April 14, 2009, or (ii) LIBOR (or 2.75%, if LIBOR is less than 2.75%), plus a margin equal to (x) 5% for the period commencing on the closing date through April 14, 2009, or (y) a percentage that ranged between 4.75% and 5.25% for the period after April 14, 2009. Upon the occurrence of any event of default, we were to pay interest equal to an additional 2.0% per year. The Credit Agreement contained affirmative, negative and financial covenants customary for financings of this type. The negative covenants included restrictions on liens, indebtedness, payments of dividends, disposition of assets, fundamental changes, loans and investments, transactions with affiliates and negative pledges. The financial covenants included fixed charge coverage ratio, minimum-EBITDA, minimum liquidity and a maximum level of capital expenditures. In addition, our obligations under the Credit Agreement could have been accelerated upon the occurrence of an event of default under the Credit Agreement, which included customary events of default such as payment defaults, defaults in the performance of affirmative and negative covenants, the inaccuracy of representations or warranties, bankruptcy and insolvency related defaults, defaults relating to judgments, defaults relating to certain governmental enforcement actions, and a change of control default. The Credit Facility would have terminated, and all amounts outstanding thereunder would have been due and payable, on January 7, 2013, or on an earlier date as specified in the Credit Agreement.
     Also on January 7, 2009, in connection with the Credit Agreement, we entered into a Guaranty and Security Agreement (“Guaranty and Security Agreement”) with GE Capital, as agent for the Lenders and each other secured party thereunder. Pursuant to the Guaranty and Security Agreement, we had granted a security interest to GE Capital in the collateral described in the Guaranty and Security Agreement as security for the Credit Facility. Our obligations were secured by substantially all of our assets, excluding our ownership interest in Akorn-Strides, LLC and in certain licenses and other property in which assignments are prohibited by confidential provisions.
     In connection with the Credit Agreement, on January 7, 2009, we also entered into a Mortgage, Security Agreement, Assignment of Leases and Rents, Financing Statement and Fixture Filing by us, in favor of GE Capital, relating to the real property owned by us located in Decatur, Illinois. The Mortgages granted a security interest in the two parcels of real property to GE Capital, as security for the Credit Facility.
     Also on January 7, 2009, in connection with the Credit Agreement, we entered into a Subordination Agreement with the Kapoor Trust and GE Capital, as agent for the Lenders. Pursuant to the Subordination Agreement, the Kapoor Trust agreed that our debt pursuant to the Subordinated Promissory Note dated as of July 28, 2008, in the principal amount of $5,000,000 (“Subordinated Note”) payable to the Kapoor Trust was subordinated to the Credit Facility, except that so long as there was no event of default outstanding under the Credit Agreement, we could repay the Subordinated Note in full if the repayment occurred by July 28, 2009.
     On February 19, 2009, GE Capital informed us that it was applying a reserve against availability which effectively restricted our borrowings under the Credit Agreement to the balance outstanding as of February 19, 2009, which was $5,523,620. GE Capital advised that it was applying this reserve due to concerns about financial performance, including our prospective compliance with certain covenants in the Credit Agreement for the quarter ended March 31, 2009.
          On March 31, 2009, we consented to an Assignment Agreement (“Assignment”) between GE Capital and EJ Funds LP (“EJ Funds”) which transferred to EJ Funds all of GE Capital’s rights and obligations under the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the

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Assignment, EJ Funds became the agent and lender under the Credit Agreement. Accordingly, GE Capital is no longer our lender. Dr. Kapoor is the President of EJ Financial Enterprises, Inc., a healthcare consulting investment company (“EJ Financial”) and EJ Financial is the general partner of EJ Funds.
          In connection with the Assignment, on April 13, 2009, we entered into a Modification, Warrant and Investor Rights Agreement (the “Modification Agreement”) with EJ Funds that, among other things, (i) reduced the revolving loan commitment under the Credit Agreement to $5,650,000, (ii) provided an extended cure period until July 22, 2009 for any event, other than specified types of “Material Defaults” listed in the Modification Agreement, which could constitute an Event of Default under the Credit Agreement, unless that period is terminated earlier due to the occurrence of a Material Default or as otherwise provided in the Modification Agreement, (iii) set the interest rate for all amounts outstanding under the Credit Agreement at an annual rate of 10% with interest payable monthly, (iv) granted a security interest in and lien upon all the collateral under the Credit Agreement to the Kapoor Trust as security for the Subordinated Note, and (v) requires us, within 30 days after the date of the Modification Agreement, to enter into security documents consisting of a security agreement and mortgages (if requested by the Kapoor Trust) in form and substance substantially similar to the corresponding security documents under the Credit Agreement for the Kapoor Trust’s interest in connection with the Subordinated Note. The Modification Agreement also granted EJ Funds the right to require us to nominate two directors to serve on our Board of Directors. The Kapoor Trust is entitled to require us to nominate a third director under our Stock Purchase Agreement dated November 15, 1990 with the Kapoor Trust. In addition, we agreed to pay all accrued legal fees and other expenses of EJ Funds that relate to the Credit Agreement and other loan documents, including legal expenses incurred with respect to the Modification Agreement and the Assignment.
          Pursuant to the Modification Agreement, on April 13, 2009 we granted EJ Funds a warrant (the “Modification Warrant”) to purchase 1,939,639 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $1.11 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The Modification Warrant expires five years after its date of issuance and is exercisable upon payment of the exercise price in cash or by means of a cashless exercise yielding a net share figure. Under the Modification Agreement, we have the right to convert the Subordinated Note into term indebtedness under the Credit Agreement in exchange for additional warrants, on terms substantially identical to the Modification Warrant, to purchase 343,299 shares of our common stock for each $1,000,000 of converted debt. The exercise price of those warrants would also be $1.11 per share. The estimated fair value of the Modification Warrant, using a Black-Scholes valuation model, is $1,357,747. This amount was capitalized as deferred financing costs and is included in other long term assets in the accompanying balance sheet.
Subordinated Debt
     On July 28, 2008, we borrowed $5,000,000 from the Kapoor Trust in return for issuing the trust a Subordinated Note. The note accrues interest at a rate of 15% per year and is due and payable on July 28, 2009. The proceeds from this note were used in conjunction with the amended MBL Distribution Agreement, which resulted in favorable pricing and reduced purchase commitments (see also Note L — Commitments and Contingencies).
CONTRACTUAL OBLIGATIONS
     In July 2008, we amended our Exclusive Distribution Agreement with MBL dated as of March 22, 2007 (the “MBL Distribution Agreement”) to: (i) allow us to destroy our remaining inventory of Tetanus Diphtheria vaccine, 15 dose/vial, in exchange for receiving an equivalent number of doses of preservative-free Tetanus Diphtheria vaccine, 1 dose/vial (the “Single-dose Product”) at no additional cost other than destruction and documentation expenses; (ii) reduce the purchase price of the Single-dose Product during the first year of the MBL Distribution Agreement by approximately 14.4%; (iii) reduce our purchase commitment for the second year by approximately 34.7%; and (iv) reduce our purchase commitment for the third year by approximately 39.5%.
     We were subsequently unable to make a payment of approximately $3,375,000 for Td vaccine products which was due to MBL by February 27, 2009 under the MBL Distribution Agreement. While we made a partial payment of $1,000,000 to MBL on March 13, 2009, we were unable to make another payment of approximately $3,375,000 due to MBL on March 28, 2009. Accordingly, we entered into a letter agreement with MBL on March 27, 2009 (“MBL Letter Agreement”), pursuant to which we agreed to pay MBL the $5,750,000 remaining due for these Td vaccine products plus an additional $4,750,000 in consideration of the amendments to the MBL Distribution Agreement payable according to a periodic payment schedule through June 30, 2010 (the “Settlement Payments”). In addition, pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement, the MBL Distribution Agreement was converted to a non-exclusive agreement, we became obligated to

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provide MBL with a standby letter of credit to secure our obligation to pay amounts due to MBL (the “L/C”), and we were released from our obligation to further purchase Td vaccine products from MBL upon providing MBL with such L/C. In addition, pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement, MBL agreed not to declare a breach or otherwise act to terminate the MBL Distribution Agreement if we complied with the terms of the MBL Letter Agreement, the MBL Distribution Agreement (as amended by the MBL Letter Agreement) and any agreements required to be entered into pursuant to the MBL Letter Agreement.
     On April 15, 2009, we entered into a Settlement Agreement with MBL (the “MBL Settlement Agreement”) to elaborate the MBL Letter Agreement. The MBL Settlement Agreement provides that we will pay MBL the Settlement Payments according to a monthly payment schedule through June 30, 2010. The MBL Settlement Agreement provides that MBL may only draw on the L/C if: (i) we fail to make any Settlement Payment when due, (ii) any Settlement Payment made is set aside or otherwise required to be repaid by MBL, or (iii) we become the debtor in a bankruptcy or other insolvency proceeding begun before October 6, 2010 and no replacement letter of credit has been issued prior to the expiration of the L/C.
     Also on April 15, 2009, we entered into an amendment to the MBL Distribution Agreement with MBL (the “MBL Amendment”). The MBL Amendment modified the MBL Distribution Agreement to, among other things, eliminate our future minimum purchase requirements under the MBL Distribution Agreement.
     On April 15, 2009, we also entered into a Reimbursement and Warrant Agreement (the “Reimbursement Agreement”) with EJ Funds and the Kapoor Trust, pursuant to which the Kapoor Trust agreed to provide the L/C as security for our payment obligations to MBL under the MBL Letter Agreement and the MBL Settlement Agreement. Simultaneous with the delivery of the Reimbursement Agreement, the L/C was issued by the Bank of America in favor of MBL. The Reimbursement Agreement provides, among other things, that we will reimburse the Kapoor Trust for any draws by MBL under the L/C through the mechanism of causing the amount of the draws to become term indebtedness payable to the Kapoor Trust on the same terms as the revolving debt under the Credit Agreement. All of our obligations under the Reimbursement Agreement will also be considered secured obligations under the Credit Agreement. Pursuant to the Reimbursement Agreement, we also issued a warrant to the Kapoor Trust (the “Reimbursement Warrant”) to purchase 1,501,933 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $1.11 per share, subject to certain adjustments. The Reimbursement Warrant expires five years from the date of issuance and is exercisable upon payment of the exercise price in cash or by means of a cashless exercise yielding a net share figure. In addition, the Reimbursement Agreement provides that we must issue the Kapoor Trust additional warrants, at that same price of $1.11 per share, to purchase 200,258 shares of our common stock per $1,000,000 drawn on the L/C. The estimated fair value of the Reimbursement Warrant, using a Black-Scholes valuation model, is $1,051,353. This amount is recorded in supply agreement termination expenses in the accompanying statement of operations.
     The shares of our common stock issuable upon exercise of the Modification Warrant and the Reimbursement Warrant, along with those other warrants that may be issued under the Modification Agreement and Reimbursement Agreement and other shares of common stock held by EJ Funds, the Kapoor Trust and their affiliates, are subject to registration rights as set forth in the Modification Agreement. Under the Modification Agreement, we agreed to file a registration statement with the SEC within 75 days of the date of the Modification Agreement. We also agreed to continue the effectiveness of the registration statement until the earliest of the dates (i) all securities registrable thereunder have been sold, (ii) all such registrable securities may be sold in a single transaction by their holders to the public under Rule 144 under the Securities Act, and (iii) no shares of our common stock registered under the registration statement qualify as “registrable securities” thereunder.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
     The preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. A summary of our significant accounting policies is included in Item 1. Financial Statements, Note B — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008. Certain of our accounting policies are considered critical, as these policies require significant, difficult or complex judgments by management, often employing the use of estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. Such policies are summarized in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2008. There have been no significant changes in the application of the critical accounting policies since December 31, 2008.

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RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
     In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. In February of 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff position 157-2 which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for non-financial assets and liabilities which are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis (at least annually) until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. We adopted SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2008 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our results of operation or financial position.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Non-Controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes new standards for the accounting for and reporting of non-controlling interests (formerly minority interests) and for the loss of control of partially owned and consolidated subsidiaries. SFAS 160 does not change the criteria for consolidating a partially owned entity. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. We adopted SFAS 160 effective January 1, 2009 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) (“SFAS 141R”), a revision of SFAS 141, “Business Combinations.” SFAS 141R establishes requirements for the recognition and measurement of acquired assets, liabilities, goodwill, and non-controlling interests. SFAS 141R also provides disclosure requirements related to business combinations. SFAS 141R is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141R will be applied prospectively to business combinations with an acquisition date on or after the effective date.
     In April 2008, the FASB issued FSP SFAS No. 142-3, Determination of the Useful Life of Intangible Assets. The FSP amends the factors that should be considered in developing renewal or extension assumptions used to determine the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142, Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets. The intent of the FSP is to improve the consistency between the useful life of a recognized intangible asset under SFAS No. 142 and the period of expected cash flows used to measure the fair value of the asset under SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007), Business Combinations, and other U.S. GAAP. The FSP is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008, and interim periods within those fiscal years. We adopted FSP SFAS No. 142-3 effective January 1, 2009 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
OFF-BALANCE SHEET ARRANGEMENTS
     We do not have any off-balance sheet arrangements that have had, or are reasonably likely to have, a current or future material effect on our financial condition, changes in financial condition, revenues or expenses, results of operations, liquidity, capital expenditures, or capital resources.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
     We are not subject to market risk associated with changes in interest rates as our interest rates on the Subordinated Note and the Credit Facility are both fixed interest rates.
     We have no material foreign exchange risk. We have no market risk sensitive instruments entered into for trading purposes.
     Our financial instruments consist mainly of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt. The carrying amounts of these instruments, except debt, approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. The carrying amounts of our bank borrowings under our debt instruments approximate fair value because the interest rates are reset periodically to reflect current market rates.
     The fair value of the debt obligations approximated the recorded value as of March 31, 2009.

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ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
     An evaluation was performed, under the supervision and with the participation of Company management, including the Interim Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Act”)). There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including cost limitations, judgments used in decision making, assumptions regarding the likelihood of future events, soundness of internal controls, fraud, the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance of achieving their control objectives. Based on that evaluation, management, including the Interim CEO and CFO, has concluded that, as of March 31, 2009, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective in all material respects at the reasonable assurance level to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports that the Company files or submits under the Act is recorded, processed, summarized and timely reported in accordance with the rules and forms of the SEC.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
     In the fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2009, there has been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
     We are a party in legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, at this time we do not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
     On April 3, 2009, our former President and Chief Executive Officer, Arthur Przybyl, filed a demand for arbitration against the Company under his April 24, 2006 Executive Employment Agreement (the “Employment Agreement”). A copy of the Employment Agreement is Exhibit 10.1 to the Current Report on Form 8-K we filed with the SEC on April 28, 2006. Mr. Przybyl initiated this arbitration with the Chicago, Illinois office of the American Arbitration Association under an arbitration provision in the Employment Agreement.
     In his arbitration demand, Mr. Przybyl seeks severance and related benefits that would have been payable under the Employment Agreement were Mr. Przybyl terminated without cause and he met additional requirements. Severance would have included 18 months of Mr. Przybyl’s base salary and a cash bonus equal to 1.5 times the average of the last two annual bonuses received by Mr. Przybyl. The salary component would have been $715,500 and, because Mr. Przybyl received no bonus for 2007 or 2008, we believe the bonus component would have been $0. Mr. Przybyl’s arbitration demand states that he seeks more than $1,250,000.
     We originally anticipated that we would pay severance to Mr. Przybyl. However, we later concluded that we had grounds for terminating Mr. Przybyl for “good cause” as that term is defined in the Employment Agreement. Accordingly, we advised Mr. Przybyl about that conclusion, after which Mr. Przybyl initiated the arbitration. In our response to Mr. Przybyl’s claim that we filed in the arbitration, we asserted counterclaims against Mr. Przybyl for (among other things) breach of contract and breach of fiduciary duty. We seek affirmative monetary relief under our counterclaims. The arbitration is in its very early stages, and no arbitration hearing date has been set.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
     There have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A, of our Form 10-K filed March 30, 2009.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
     On August 23, 2005, we filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-127794) (the “S-3”) with the SEC, which was declared effective on September 7, 2005. Pursuant to Rule 429 under the Securities Act of 1933, the prospectus included in the S-3 is a combined prospectus and relates to the previously filed Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-119168) (the “S-1”), as to which the S-3 constitutes Post-Effective Amendment No. 3. Such Post-Effective Amendment became effective concurrently with the effectiveness of the S-3. The S-3 relates to the resale of 64,964,680 shares, no par value per share, of our common stock by the selling stockholders identified in the S-3, which have been issued or reserved for issuance upon the conversion or exercise of shares of our Series A Preferred Stock, shares of Series B Preferred Stock, warrants and convertible notes, including shares estimated to be issuable or that have been issued in satisfaction of accrued and unpaid dividends and interest on shares of preferred stock and convertible notes, respectively. Of the 64,964,680 shares of our common stock registered under the S-3, 60,953,394 of such shares were registered under the S-1. The shares of common stock registered by the S-3 and the S-1 represent the number of shares that have been issued or are issuable upon the conversion or exercise of the Series A Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock, warrants and convertible notes described in the Registration Statement, including shares estimated to be issuable in satisfaction of dividends accrued and unpaid through December 31, 2007 on such securities. All shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock and all convertible notes have been converted to shares of our common stock.
     With respect to the S-1, we estimated the aggregate offering price of the amount registered to be $182,246,053, which was derived from the average of the bid and asked prices of our common stock on September 17, 2004, as reported on the OTC Bulletin Board(R). With respect to the S-3, we estimated the aggregate offering price of the amount registered to be $10,870,585, which was derived from the average of the high and low prices of our common stock as reported on the American Stock Exchange on August 18, 2005. Such amounts were estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(h) under the Securities Act of 1933. As of March 31, 2009, we are aware of the sale of 20,554,359 shares of common stock by selling stockholders

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under the S-3 or the S-1. We do not know at what price such shares were sold, or how many shares of common stock will be sold in the future or at what price. We have not and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of the shares and will pay all underwriting discounts and selling commissions, if any, applicable to the sale of the shares. We will, in the ordinary course of business, receive proceeds from the issuance of shares upon exercise of the warrants described in the S-3 or the S-1, which we will use for working capital and other general corporate purposes.
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
     None.
ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS
     None.
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
     None.

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ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
Those exhibits marked with a (*) refer to exhibits filed herewith. The other exhibits are incorporated herein by reference, as indicated in the following list. Portions of the exhibits marked with a (W) are the subject of a Confidential Treatment Request under 17 C.F.R. §§ 200.80(b)(4), 200.83 and 240.24b-2.
     
Exhibit    
No.   Description
(4.1)
  Akorn, Inc. Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated April 13, 2009, in favor of EJ Funds LP, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 17, 2009.
 
   
(4.2)
  Modification, Warrant and Investor Rights Agreement, dated April 13, 2009, among Akorn, Inc., Akorn (New Jersey), Inc., and EJ Funds LP, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 17, 2009.
 
   
(4.3)
  Akorn, Inc. Common Stock Purchase Warrant, dated April 15, 2009, in favor of John N. Kapoor Trust dated 9/20/89, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 21, 2009.
 
   
(10.1)
  Credit Agreement dated January 7, 2009, by and between Akorn, Inc., Akorn (New Jersey), Inc. and General Electric Capital Corporation, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on January 9, 2009.
 
   
(10.2)W
  Letter Agreement dated March 27, 2009 between Akorn, Inc. and Massachusetts Biologic Laboratories of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.72 to Akorn, Inc’s report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended December 31, 2008, filed on March 30, 2009.
 
   
(10.3)
  Memorandum of Agreement, dated March 31, 2009, among EJ Funds LP, Akorn Inc., and Akorn (New Jersey), Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 6, 2009.
 
   
(10.4)
  Assignment, dated March 31, 2009, among General Electric Capital Corporation, EJ Funds LP, Akorn, Inc., and Akorn (New Jersey), Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 6, 2009.
 
   
(10.5)
  Reimbursement and Warrant Agreement, dated April 15, 2009, among Akorn, Inc. Akorn (New Jersey), Inc., John N. Kapoor Trust dated 09/20/89, and EJ Funds LP, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 21, 2009.
 
   
(10.6)W
  Settlement Agreement, dated April 15, 2009, between Akorn, Inc. and Massachusetts Biologic Laboratories of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 21, 2009.
 
   
(10.7)W
  Fourth Amendment to Exclusive Distribution Agreement, dated April 15, 2009, between Akorn, Inc. and Massachusetts Biologic Laboratories of the University of Massachusetts Medical School, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.2 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 21, 2009.
 
   
(31.1)*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).
 
   
(31.2)*
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a).
 
   
(32.1)*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350.
 
   
(32.2)*
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350.

27


Table of Contents

SIGNATURES
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
 
  AKORN, INC.    
 
       
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
 
       
 
        Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
        Sr. Vice President, Chief Financial Officer    
 
       (Duly Authorized and Principal Financial Officer)    
Date: May 11, 2009

28

EX-31.1:
EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER
I, Jeffrey A. Whitnell, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Akorn, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
 
       
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
  Interim Chief Executive Officer    
Date: May 11, 2009

 

EX-31.2:
EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER
I, Jeffrey A. Whitnell, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Akorn, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. I have disclosed, based on my most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
         
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
 
       
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
  Chief Financial Officer    
Date: May 11, 2009

 

EX-32.1:
EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C 1350
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Akorn, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2009, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to which this Certification is an exhibit (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code (18 U.S.C. 1350) and Rule 13a-14(b) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR 240.13a-14(b)), that to my knowledge:
     (1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 11, 2009
         
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
 
       
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
  Interim Chief Executive Officer    

 

EX-32.2:
EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. 1350
     In connection with the Quarterly Report of Akorn, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2009, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to which this Certification is an exhibit (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code (18 U.S.C. 1350) and Rule 13a-14(b) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR 240.13a-14(b)), that to my knowledge:
     (1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 11, 2009
         
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
 
       
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
  Chief Financial Officer