________________________________________________________________________________

                       SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
                              WASHINGTON, DC 20549
________________________________________________________________________________

                                   FORM 10-K

[X] Annual Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange 
    Act of 1934

                     For the year ended December 31, 1997

[ ] Transition Report Pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange
    Act of 1934

                       Commission File Number:  0-13976

                                  AKORN, INC.
          (Name of small business issuer as specified in its charter)
                                        
                 LOUISIANA                           72-0717400
      (State or other jurisdiction of    (IRS Employer Identification No.)
       incorporation or organization)

     100 Tri-State International, Suite 100, Lincolnshire, Illinois 60069
             (Address of principal executive offices and zip code)

                  Issuer's telephone number:  (847) 236-3800

        SECURITIES REGISTERED UNDER SECTION 12(b) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT:
                                     None

        SECURITIES REGISTERED UNDER SECTION 12(g) OF THE EXCHANGE ACT:
                          Common Stock, No Par Value
                               (Title of Class)

Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required
to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Exchange Act during the preceding 12
months (or for such shorter period that the Registrant was required to file such
reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90
days.  Yes   X    No _____
           -----

Indicate by check mark if disclosure of delinquent filers in response to Item
405 of Regulation S-K is not contained in this form, and will not be contained,
to the best of Registrant's knowledge, in definitive proxy or information
statements incorporated by reference in Part III of this Form 10-K or any
amendment to this Form 10-K. [ ]

The aggregate market value of the voting stock held by nonaffiliates (affiliates
being, for these purposes only, directors, executive officers and holders of
more than 5% of the Issuer's common stock) of the Issuer as of March 5, 1998 was
approximately $61,187,000.

The number of shares of the Issuer's common stock, no par value per share,
outstanding as of March 5, 1998 was 17,701,421.


Page 1 of 35 pages

                                       1

 
The information contained in this document, other than historical information,
consists of forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that
could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in such
statements.  Such statements regarding the timing of acquiring and developing
new products, of bringing them on line and of deriving revenues and profits from
them, as well as the effects of those revenues and profits on the company's
margins and financial position, is uncertain because many of the factors
affecting the timing of those items are beyond the company's control.

                      DOCUMENTS INCORPORATED BY REFERENCE
                                        
Portions of the definitive Proxy Statement (the "Proxy Statement") to be used in
connection with the Registrant's 1998 Annual Meeting of shareholders, which
Proxy Statement will be filed under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 within
120 days of the Registrant's fiscal year ended December 31, 1997, are
incorporated by reference to Part III of this Annual Report on Form 10-K.

                          FORM 10-K TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page ---- PART I Item 1. Business..................................................................................... 3 Item 2. Properties................................................................................... 5 Item 3. Legal Proceedings............................................................................ 5 Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders.......................................... 5 PART II Item 5. Market for Registrant's Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters........................ 6 Item 6. Selected Financial Data...................................................................... 7 Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations................................................................................ 8 Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplemental Data................................................... 12 Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosures........................................................................ 28 PART III Item 10. Directors.................................................................................... 28 Item 11. Executive Compensation....................................................................... 28 Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management............................... 28 Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions............................................... 28 PART IV Item 14. Exhibits and Financial Statement Schedules................................................... 29 Signatures................................................................................... 31
2 PART I Item 1. Description of Business Akorn, Inc. (Akorn or the Company) manufactures and markets diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals in specialty areas such as ophthalmology, rheumatology, anesthesia and antidotes, among others. The Company also markets ophthalmic surgical instruments and related products. Customers include physicians, optometrists, wholesalers, group purchasing organizations and other pharmaceutical companies. The Company provides contract manufacturing services through its injectable division, Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Taylor). Akorn is a Louisiana corporation founded in 1971 in Abita Springs, Louisiana, a suburb of New Orleans. In 1997, the Company relocated its headquarters and ophthalmic division operations to Lincolnshire, Illinois. In May 1996 the Company acquired Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. (PRL), a developer and distributor of injectable pharmaceutical products, and merged PRL into Taylor. Subsequently, the Company reorganized its operations into two divisions, ophthalmic and injectable. For information regarding sales, operating income and identifiable assets for each of the Company's divisions, see Note O to the consolidated financial statements included in Item 8 of this report. Ophthalmic Division. The Company markets an extensive line of diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals as well surgical instruments and related supplies. Diagnostic products, primarily used in the office setting, include mydriatics and cycloplegics, anesthetics, topical stains, gonioscopic solutions, angiography dyes and others. Therapeutic products, sold primarily to wholesalers and other national account customers, include antibiotics, anti- infectives, steroids, steroid combinations, glaucoma medications, decongestants/antihistamines and anti-edema medications. Surgical products include surgical knives and other surgical instruments, balanced salt solution, post-operative kits, surgical tapes, eye shields, anti-ultraviolet goggles, facial drape supports and other supplies. Non-pharmaceutical products include various artificial tear solutions, preservative-free lubricating ointments, lid cleansers, vitamin supplements and contact lens accessories. Injectable Division. Taylor markets generic small volume parenteral niche pharmaceuticals and anesthesia products used in the treatment of specialty indications including rheumatoid arthritis and pain management. These products are marketed to wholesalers and other national account customers as well as directly to medical specialists. Taylor also provides contract manufacturing services to pharmaceutical and biotech companies, as well as to the ophthalmic division. Sales and Marketing. While the Company is actively working to expand its proprietary product base through acquisition and internal development, the majority of current products are non-proprietary. The Company relies on its expertise in marketing, distribution, development and low cost manufacturing to maintain and increase market share. The ophthalmic division uses a three-tiered sales effort. Outside sales representatives, with two field managers, sell directly to physicians and group practices. In-house sales (telemarketing) and customer service (catalog sales) sell to optometrists and other customers. A national accounts group sells to wholesalers, retail chains and other group purchasing organizations. The injectable division sells through telemarketing and direct mail activities to individual specialty physicians and hospitals. National accounts efforts sell to wholesalers and other group purchasing organizations. The injectable division does not maintain a field sales force at this time. The division may add such a force in the future as it introduces proprietary products. The injectable division markets its contract manufacturing services through direct mail, trade shows and direct industry contacts. Research and Development. As of December 31, 1997, the Company had 22 Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) in various stages of development. See "Government Regulation." The Company is also engaged in clinical studies for three proprietary products and expects to file New Drug Applications (NDAs) for these products over the course of the next two years. Clinical trials are performed by contract research organizations under the direction of Company personnel. No assurance can be given as to 3 whether the Company will develop marketable products based on these filings or as to the size of the market for any such products. The Company also maintains a business development program which identifies potential product acquisition or product licensing candidates. Each division has focused its business development efforts on niche products which complement the existing product line and which have few or no competitors in the market. At December 31, 1997, 19 full-time employees of the Company were involved in research and development and product licensing. Research and development costs are expensed as incurred. Such costs amounted to $1,873,000, $809,000, $1,213,000 and $891,000 for the year ended December 31, 1997, six months ended December 31, 1996 and years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995, respectively. Employee Relations. At December 31, 1997, the Company had 266 full-time employees, of whom 71 are employed in its ophthalmic division, 193 are employed in its injectable division and 2 are employed in the corporate office. The Company enjoys good relations with its employees, none of whom are represented by a collective bargaining agent. Competition. The marketing of pharmaceutical products is highly competitive, with many established manufacturers, suppliers and distributors actively engaged in all phases of the business. Most of the Company's competitors have substantially greater financial and other resources, including greater sales volume, larger sales forces and greater manufacturing capacity. The dominant companies which compete with the ophthalmic division include Alcon Laboratories, Inc., Allergan Pharmaceuticals, Inc., Ciba Vision and Bausch & Lomb, Inc. (B&L). The ophthalmic division competes primarily on the basis of price and service. The ophthalmic division purchases some ophthalmic products from Steris Pharmaceuticals, Inc. and B&L, who are in direct competition with the division in several markets. The dominant companies which compete with the injectable division include both generic and name brand companies such as Abbott Labs, Gensia, Marsam, Steris, Elkin Sinn and American Regent. The injectable division competes primarily on the basis of price. Competitors in the contract manufacturing business include Cook Imaging, Chesapeake Biological Laboratories, Ben Venue and Oread Laboratories. The manufacturing of sterile products must be performed under government mandated Good Manufacturing Practices, creating barriers to entry. Product Supply. No unaffiliated supplier of products accounted for more than 10% of the Company's sales in either division during 1997. Sight Pharmaceuticals, Inc., a division of B&L, accounted for approximately 15% of the Company's ophthalmic sales for the six month period ended December 31, 1996. No single customer accounted for more than 10% of the Company's sales in either division during 1997. Government Regulation. All pharmaceutical manufacturers and distributors are subject to extensive regulation by the federal government, principally the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), and to a lesser extent, by state governments. The federal Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (the FDA Act), the Controlled Substance Act and other federal statutes and regulations govern or influence the development, testing, manufacture, labeling, storage and promotion of products. The FDA inspects drug manufacturers and storage facilities to determine compliance with its Good Manufacturing Practice regulations, non-compliance with which can result in fines, recall and seizure of products, total or partial suspension of production, refusal to approve new drug applications and criminal prosecution. The FDA also has the authority to revoke approval of drug products. With certain exceptions, FDA approval is required before any drug can be manufactured and marketed. New drugs require the filing of an NDA, including clinical studies demonstrating the safety and efficacy of the drug. Generic drugs, which are equivalents of existing brand name drugs, require the filing of an ANDA, which waives the requirement of conducting clinical studies of safety and efficacy. Ordinarily, the filing of an ANDA for generic drugs which contain the same ingredients as drugs already approved for use 4 in the United States requires data showing that the generic formulation is equivalent to the brand name drug and that the product is stable in its formulation. The Company has no control over the time required for the FDA to approve ANDA or NDA filings. The Company also manufactures and distributes several controlled-drug substances, the distribution and handling of which are regulated by the Drug Enforcement Agency (DEA). Failure to comply with DEA regulations can result in fines or seizure of product. The Company does not anticipate any material effect from compliance with Federal, State and local provisions which have been enacted or adopted regulating the discharge of materials into the environment, or otherwise relating to the protection of the environment. Item 1A. Executive Officers of the Registrant The following table sets forth the executive officers of the Company as of March 5, 1998. Each officer serves as such at the pleasure of the Board of Directors.
Officer Name Age Position with the Company - ------------ --- ------------------------- John N. Kapoor, Ph.D. 54 Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer Floyd Benjamin 54 Executive Vice President of the Company and President of Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Inc. R. Scott Zion 47 Senior Vice President of the Company and General Manager of the Ophthalmic Division Rita J. McConville 39 Vice President, Chief Financial Officer, Secretary and Treasurer of the Company
Item 2. Description of Property Since May, 1997, the Company's headquarters and ophthalmic division offices have been located in approximately 11,000 square feet of leased space in Lincolnshire, Illinois. The Company's former headquarters, consisting of approximately 30,000 square feet located on ten acres of land in Abita Springs, Louisiana, is up for sale. A contract is pending and management expects to close the sale in the second quarter of 1998. The Company also owns a 76,000 square foot facility located on 15 acres of land in Decatur, Illinois. This facility is currently used for packaging, distribution, warehousing and office space. In addition, the Company owns a 55,000 square-foot manufacturing facility in Decatur, Illinois. The Company also leases approximately 15,000 square feet of warehouse space in Decatur, Illinois. The Company's injectable division leases approximately 7,000 square feet of office and warehousing space in San Clemente, California. This space, along with available space in Decatur, Illinois, is considered adequate to accommodate growth in the injectable division for the foreseeable future. Item 3. Legal Proceedings The Company is a party in legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, management of the Company at this time does not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on the financial condition or results of operations of the Company. Item 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders No matters were submitted to a vote of security holders during the quarter ended December 31, 1997. 5 PART II Item 5. Market for Common Equity and Related Stockholder Matters The Company's Common Stock is traded on the NASDAQ National Market under the symbol AKRN. On March 5, 1998, the Company estimated that the number of holders of its Common Stock was approximately 3,000, including record holders and individual participants in security position listings. High and low closing prices per NASDAQ for the periods indicated were:
High Low Year Ended December 31, 1997: 1st Quarter $3.19 $1.84 2nd Quarter 2.63 1.91 3rd Quarter 3.06 2.03 4th Quarter 4.50 2.94 Six Months Ended December 31, 1996: 1st Quarter $3.50 $2.06 2nd Quarter 2.44 1.63 Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1996: 1st Quarter $2.81 $2.25 2nd Quarter 3.13 2.06 3rd Quarter 3.19 2.44 4th Quarter 3.50 2.53
As of December 31, 1997, there were approximately 700 holders of record of the Company's Common Stock. Closing price at March 5, 1998 was $4.938 per share as reported by the Nasdaq National Market. On December 31, 1997, 1,000,000 unregistered shares of Company Common Stock were issued at $2.00 per share pursuant to the exercise of a warrant. The Company did not pay cash dividends in 1997 or 1996, and is prohibited by its revolving credit agreement with The Northern Trust Company from doing so. During fiscal 1996, dividends paid of $583,000 pertain to Subchapter S distributions made to former PRL shareholders for pre-acquisition earnings. 6 Item 6. Selected Consolidated Financial Data In October 1996, the Board of Directors of the Company voted to change the Company's fiscal year from the year ending June 30 to a calendar year. The following table sets forth selected consolidated financial information for the Company for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six month transition period ended December 31, 1996 and for the four years ended June 30, 1996:
Six Months Year Ended Ended Years Ended June 30, December 31, December 31, ------------------------------------------- 1997 1996 1996 1995 1994 1993(2) ------------ ------------ ------- ------- ------- ------- PER SHARE Equity $ 1.20 $ 0.98 $ 0.97 $ 0.93 $ 0.76 $ 0.47 Net Income: Basic $ 0.11 $ 0.00 $ 0.05 $ 0.15 $ 0.14 $ 0.12 Diluted $ 0.11 $ 0.00 $ 0.05 $ 0.15 $ 0.14 $ 0.12 Price: High $ 4.50 $ 3.50 $ 3.50 $ 4.00 $ 3.88 $ 3.13 Low $ 1.84 $ 1.63 $ 2.06 $ 2.25 $ 1.88 $ 1.50 P/E: High 41x NM 70x 27x 28x 26x Low 17x NM 41x 15x 13x 13x INCOME DATA (000) Net sales $42,323 $16,519 $33,925 $37,505 $31,266 $23,612 Gross profit 18,776 5,758 11,953 15,177 13,218 9,699 Operating income 3,165 130 1,089 3,910 2,654 1,712 Interest expense (497) (243) (441) (25) (181) (288) Pretax income 2,844 70 977 3,738 2,573 1,518 Income taxes (benefit) 1,052 26 189 1,232 158 (263) Net income $ 1,792 $ 44 $ 788 $ 2,506 $ 2,415 $ 1,781 Weighted average shares outstanding: Basic 16,614 16,580 16,383 16,236 16,185 14,159 Diluted 16,925 16,763 16,788 16,799 16,711 14,955 BALANCE SHEET (000) Current assets $19,633 $13,840 $17,001 $15,474 $15,044 $ 9,209 Net fixed assets 12,395 12,833 11,524 11,060 6,346 6,325 Total assets 38,715 28,013 29,567 27,491 22,190 15,008 Current liabilities 8,612 5,636 9,351 7,016 7,105 3,764 Long-term obligations 9,852 6,003 3,915 4,890 2,380 4,328 Shareholders' equity $20,251 $16,374 $16,301 $15,585 $12,704 $ 6,916 FUNDS FLOW DATA (000) From operations $ 64 $ 2,553 $ 10 $ 712 $ 2,212 $ (479) Dividends paid (1) -- -- (583) -- -- -- From investing (6,387) (2,028) (873) (4,943) (3,745) (531) From financing 7,356 (36) 979 3,112 2,313 (26) Change in cash & equivalents $ 1,033 $ 489 $ 116 $(1,119) $ 780 $(1,036)
All of the information shown in the table above for the four year period ended June 30, 1996 has been restated to reflect the combined operations of Akorn and Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. (PRL). (1) Dividends paid pertain to Subchapter S distributions made to former PRL shareholders for pre-acquisition earnings. (2) Includes the reversal of a provision for a litigation judgment ($0.7 million), the reduction of estimated costs of reorganizing manufacturing operations ($0.4 million) and income tax benefits ($0.3 million). 7 Item 7. Management's Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations Management's discussion and analysis of financial condition and results of operations should be read in conjunction with the accompanying consolidated financial statements. The information contained in this discussion, other than historical information, consists of forward-looking statements that involve risks and uncertainties that could cause actual results to differ materially from those described in such statements. Such statements regarding the timing of acquiring and developing new products, of bringing them on line and of deriving revenues and profits from them, as well as the effects of those revenues and profits on the Company's margins and financial position, is uncertain because many of the factors affecting the timing of those items are beyond the Company's control. RESULTS OF OPERATIONS The Company's revenues are derived from sales of diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals by the ophthalmic and injectable divisions, from sales of surgical instruments and related products by the ophthalmic division and from sales of contract manufacturing services by the injectable division. The following table sets forth the percentage relationships that certain items from the Company's Consolidated Statements of Income bear to revenues for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and 1995 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995
Six Months Year Ended Ended December 31, December 31, Years Ended June 30, 1997 1996 1995 1996 1995 ------------ ---------------- ---- ---- Revenues Ophthalmic 59% 62% 66% 61% 63% Injectable 41 38 34 39 37 ---- ---- ---- ---- ---- Total revenues 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% Gross profit 44 35 38 35 40 Selling, general and administrative expenses 29 29 28 28 28 Research and development expenses 4 5 3 4 2 Operating income 8 1 7 3 10 Net income 4% 0% 5% 2% 7%
COMPARISON OF TWELVE MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1997 AND JUNE 30, 1996 Net sales increased 24.8% for the year ended December 31, 1997 compared to the year ended June 30, 1996. Ophthalmic segment sales increased 19.5%, primarily due to strong performance in the diagnostic and therapeutic product lines. The acquisition of ICG from Becton Dickinson in April 1997 and the introduction of the Company's generic version of Timolol Maleate also contributed to the sales increase. Injectable segment sales increased 33.1%, primarily due to penetration into the hospital market and strong performance in rheumatology and antidote products, including Bal in Oil, acquired from Becton Dickinson in April 1997. Injectable segment sales also benefited from a continuing shortage of certain distributed products. Division management expects the shortages and resultant sales increases to continue through the first quarter of 1998. Management continuously evaluates opportunities for acquisition of additional products, and expects such acquisitions to continue in 1998. Consolidated gross profit increased 57.0% for the year, with gross margins increasing from 35% to 44%. The increase in gross margins was caused by product acquisitions, a shift in ophthalmic sales mix to higher margin products and the injectable division's re-engineering of production processes to reduce costs of manufacturing. Margins on the Company's generic version of Timolol Maleate have declined at 8 a faster than anticipated rate, due to the large number of competitors offering the product. Management expects prices on this product to stabilize in 1998. Selling, general and administrative expenses (SG&A) increased 36.9%, reflecting increased marketing and promotional activities in the ophthalmic segment, provisions for employee performance bonuses and expenses associated with the new corporate office facility. Management expects the growth in SG&A expenses in the ophthalmic division to taper off now that the new management team is essentially in place. SG&A spending in the injectable division will increase as it builds its marketing and promotional functions. Research and development expenses (R&D) increased 54.4%, reflecting a greater number of products under development. Actual spending on R&D for the year included approximately $685,000 pre-funded by Pfizer for clinical development of Piroxicam. The pre-funded development reserve was exhausted during 1997. Additional spending for data analysis and development of the NDA filing will be reflected in 1998 R&D expenses. Management expects total R&D spending to continue to increase as additional products are brought under development. During 1997, the Company recorded $1,451,000 in charges related to the relocation of the ophthalmic division and executive offices from Abita Springs, Louisiana to the Chicago area. The charges primarily relate to severance and retention bonus payments as well as a write-down of the Abita Springs facility and equipment to net realizable value. During the year ended June 30, 1996, the Company recorded $677,000 in charges related to legal, accounting and severance costs associated with the acquisition of PRL. Interest expense increased 12.7%, reflecting higher average outstanding debt balances. Interest income declined 63.7% due to the liquidation of investments of Piroxicam development funds to finance clinical trials. Net income for 1997 was $1,792,000 or $0.11 per diluted share compared to $788,000 or $0.05 per diluted share for the year ended June 30, 1996. The increase in earnings resulted from the above mentioned items. In June 1997, the Financial Accounting Standards Board issued Statement of Financial Accounting Standards ("SFAS") No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income," and SFAS No. 131, "Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information." See Note S to Consolidated Financial Statements. COMPARISON OF SIX MONTHS ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1996 AND 1995 Net sales declined 2.5% for the six months ended December 31, 1996 as compared to the same period in 1995. Ophthalmic segment sales declined 7.6%, primarily due to the Company's decision to discontinue its practice of granting wholesaler discounts at the end of each quarter. Injectable segment sales increased 7.2%, primarily due to the acquisition of two anesthesia products from Janssen Pharmaceutica, Inc. in July 1996. Consolidated gross profit declined 11.1% compared to the prior year period, with gross margins declining from 38% to 35%. The decline can be attributed to underabsorption of plant overhead expenses caused by decreased unit sales volume in contract manufacturing services. Selling, general and administrative expenses increased 2.5% over the prior year period, primarily due to increased marketing and promotional activities in the ophthalmic segment. Research and development expenses increased 69.2%, reflecting an increased number of products in development. Interest and other income (expense) increased due to increased interest expense on higher average outstanding debt balances. Net income for the period was $44,000 or $0.00 per diluted share compared with $796,000 or $0.05 per diluted share in the prior year period. The decline is primarily due to the underabsorption of manufacturing overhead expenses and the increase in research and development expenditures. 9 COMPARISON OF TWELVE MONTHS ENDED JUNE 30, 1996 AND 1995 Consolidated net sales declined 10% for the year ended June 30, 1996 compared to the previous year. Ophthalmic segment sales declined 13%, primarily due to the loss of sales of the segment's best-selling allergy product, which was converted to over-the-counter status in October 1994, and to the Company's decision to discontinue its practice of granting wholesaler discounts at the end of each quarter. Injectable segment sales declined 4%, primarily due to loss of contract manufacturing customers which resulted in a reduction in manufacturing unit volume. Consolidated gross profit declined 21.2% compared to the prior year period, with gross margins declining from 40% to 35%. The decline can be attributed to price pressure on generic pharmaceuticals and underabsorption of manufacturing overhead due to low unit sales volume. Selling, general and administrative expenses declined 13.5% over the prior year period, primarily due to cost-cutting activities in the ophthalmic segment in response to sales declines. Research and development expenses increased 36.1%, reflecting an increased number of ophthalmic generic products in development. The Company incurred legal, accounting and severance costs of $677,000 in 1996 associated with the acquisition of PRL. Interest expense increased $400,000 due to borrowings for the construction projects at Taylor's facilities in Decatur. In 1995, other expense included a $308,000 charge for decline in market value of an equity investment. The Company's net income for the period was $788,000 or $0.05 per diluted share compared with $2,506,000 or $0.15 per diluted share in the prior year period. The decline is primarily due to the decline in sales, underabsorption of manufacturing overhead expenses, increased research and development expenditures and costs related to the acquisition of PRL. FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY As of December 31, 1997, the Company had cash and cash equivalents of $2,413,000. Working capital at that date was $11,021,000 versus $8,204,000 at December 31, 1996. The Company manages its cash balances to minimize interest expense on its line of credit borrowing. At December 31, 1997, the Company had $6.2 million available under its revolving credit facility. During the year ended December 31, 1997, the Company generated sufficient cash from operations to finance its working capital requirements, primarily an increase in accounts receivable and inventories related to increased sales volume. Management anticipates additional investment in working capital to finance continued sales growth. Investing activities, which include purchases of property, plant and equipment as well as the purchase of product-related intangible assets, required $6,387,000 in cash. Investing activities were funded through issuance of long-term debt of $3,955,000, short-term borrowings of $1,750,000 and proceeds from the sale of stock of $2,085,000. As indicated in Note I to the Consolidated Financial Statements, in 1997 the Company entered into a $15 million revolving credit arrangement, subject to certain financial covenants. Management believes that cash flow from operations, in conjunction with borrowing availability under its credit facility, will be sufficient to meet the cash needs of the business for the immediate future, but additional long-term financing may be needed to meet the Company's product acquisition plans. There are no guarantees that such financing will be available or available at an acceptable cost. On January 21, 1998, the Company announced the purchase of the NDA, trademark and U.S. trade name rights to Paremyd, a topical mydriatic combination product, from Allergan. Paremyd has been off the market for all of 1997 due to a raw material shortage. The Company will, with Allergan's assistance, move quickly to obtain FDA approval to manufacture the product at Taylor. The total purchase price was $700,000, with $500,000 paid in cash upon closing and $200,000 payable upon receipt of an approved supplement from the FDA or twelve months from closing, whichever is sooner. On January 13, 1998, the Company announced the purchase of two branded injectable products, Sufenta and Alfenta, from Janssen Pharmaceutica, Inc. The products are injectable opioid analgesics indicated for use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Both are NDA products, and Alfenta 10 remains covered under patent. The total purchase price was $6,600,000, with $2,200,000 paid in cash upon closing and two additional payments of $2,200,000 payable on the next anniversary of the closing date and on December 29, 1999, respectively. The second two payments are secured by irrevocable bank letters of credit, which are issued under the revolving credit facility (see Note I of Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements). YEAR 2000 ISSUES The Company utilizes commercially available software to store and process its business information and transactions. The Company's plans to become Year 2000 compliant involve upgrading the server software of its injectable division and completing the installation of Year 2000 compliant financial software in the ophthalmic division. Both divisions expect to be fully compliant by the end of 1998. The cost of this software upgrade and conversion is estimated at less than $500,000, of which approximately $300,000 was incurred in 1997. SELECTED QUARTERLY DATA In Thousands, Except Per Share Amounts
Net Income (Loss) -------------------------------- Net Gross Per Share Per Share Sales Profit Amount Basic Diluted ------- ------- ------ --------- --------- Year Ended December 31, 1997: 1st Quarter $ 8,869 $ 3,428 $ (577) $(0.03) $(0.03) 2nd Quarter 10,176 4,916 742 0.04 0.04 3rd Quarter 11,058 4,745 825 0.05 0.05 4th Quarter 12,220 5,687 802 0.05 0.05 ------- ------- ------ ------ ------ $42,323 $18,776 $1,792 $ 0.11 $ 0.11 ======= ======= ====== ====== ====== Six Months Ended December 31, 1996: 1st Quarter $ 8,101 $ 2,969 $ 35 $ - $ - 2nd Quarter 8,418 2,789 9 - - ------- ------- ------ ------ ------ $16,519 $ 5,758 $ 44 $ - $ - ======= ======= ====== ====== ====== Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 1996: 1st Quarter $ 8,739 $ 3,305 $ 499 $ 0.03 $ 0.03 2nd Quarter 8,210 3,172 296 $ 0.02 $ 0.02 3rd Quarter 8,817 3,066 550 $ 0.03 $ 0.03 4th Quarter 8,159 2,410 (557) $(0.03) $(0.03) ------- ------- ------ ------ ------ $33,925 $11,953 $ 788 $ 0.05 $ 0.05 ======= ======= ====== ====== ======
11 Item 8. Financial Statements and Supplementary Data. The following financial statements are included in Part II, Item 8 of this Form 10-K. Report of Independent Auditors ........................................................ 13 Consolidated Balance Sheets as of December 31, 1997 and 1996 .......................... 14 Consolidated Statements of Income for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 .................. 15 Consolidated Statements of Shareholders' Equity for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 ... 16 Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 ........... 17 Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements ............................................ 18
12 Report of Independent Auditors To the Board of Directors and Shareholders of Akorn, Inc.: We have audited the accompanying consolidated balance sheets of Akorn, Inc. and subsidiaries as of December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the related consolidated statements of income, shareholders' equity, and cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995. These financial statements are the responsibility of the Company's management. Our responsibility is to express an opinion on these financial statements based on our audits. We conducted our audits in accordance with generally accepted auditing standards. Those standards require that we plan and perform the audit to obtain reasonable assurance about whether the financial statements are free of material misstatement. An audit includes examining, on a test basis, evidence supporting the amounts and disclosures in the financial statements. An audit also includes assessing the accounting principles used and significant estimates made by management, as well as evaluating the overall financial statement presentation. We believe that our audits provide a reasonable basis for our opinion. In our opinion, such consolidated financial statements present fairly, in all material respects, the financial position of Akorn, Inc. and subsidiaries at December 31, 1997 and 1996, and the results of their operations and their cash flows for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles. Deloitte & Touche LLP Chicago, Illinois February 27, 1998 13 AKORN, INC. CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS (Dollars in Thousands)
December 31, --------------------- 1997 1996 ---- ---- ASSETS CURRENT ASSETS Cash and cash equivalents $ 2,413 $ 1,380 Certificates of deposit 96 576 Short-term investments -- -- Trade accounts receivable (less allowances for uncollectibles of $522 and $359 at December 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively) 5,429 1,544 Inventory 9,955 8,838 Deferred income taxes 1,350 1,101 Prepaid expenses and other assets 390 401 -------- -------- TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS 19,633 13,840 OTHER ASSETS Intangibles, net 6,588 1,162 Other 99 178 -------- -------- TOTAL OTHER ASSETS 6,687 1,340 PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET 12,395 12,833 -------- -------- TOTAL ASSETS $ 38,715 $ 28,013 ======== ======== LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY CURRENT LIABILITIES Short-term borrowings $ 1,750 $ 250 Current installments of long-term debt -- 19 Current portion of capital lease obligations 149 151 Current portion of pre-funded development costs -- 685 Trade accounts payable 3,447 1,892 Income taxes payable 462 1 Accrued compensation 985 885 Accrued reorganization costs 83 108 Deferred royalties -- 167 Accrued expenses and other liabilities 1,736 1,478 -------- -------- TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES 8,612 5,636 Long-term debt 8,800 4,858 Capital lease obligations 203 353 Pre-funded development costs -- -- Deferred income taxes 849 792 SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY Preferred stock, $1.00 par value--authorized 5,000,000 shares; none issued Common stock, no par value--authorized 40,000,000 shares; issued 17,630,076 shares in 1997 and 16,600,927 shares in 1996; outstanding 17,630,076 and 16,591,918 shares at December 31, 1997 and 1996, respectively 16,241 14,174 Treasury stock, at cost--9,009 shares at December 31, 1996 -- (31) Retained earnings 4,010 2,231 -------- -------- TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY 20,251 16,374 -------- -------- TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY $ 38,715 $ 28,013 ======== ========
See notes to consolidated financial statements. 14 AKORN, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME (in Thousands, Except per Share Data)
Six Months Year Ended Ended Years Ended June 30, December 31, December 31, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ------------ ------------ --------- --------- Net sales $42,323 $16,529 $33,925 $37,505 Cost of goods sold 23,547 10,761 21,972 22,328 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- GROSS PROFIT 18,776 5,758 11,953 15,177 Selling, general and administrative expenses 12,287 4,819 8,974 10,376 Research and development 1,873 809 1,213 891 Relocation costs 1,451 -- -- -- Acquisition and severance costs -- -- 677 -- ---------- ----------- --------- --------- 15,611 5,628 10,864 11,267 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- OPERATING INCOME 3,165 130 1,089 3,910 Interest and other income (expense): Interest income 41 33 113 106 Interest expense (497) (243) (441) (25) Gain (loss) on marketable equity securities -- -- 80 (308) Other income, net 135 150 136 55 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- (321) (60) (112) (172) ---------- ----------- --------- --------- INCOME BEFORE INCOME TAXES 2,844 70 977 3,738 Income taxes 1,052 26 189 1,232 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- NET INCOME $ 1,792 $ 44 $ 768 $ 2,506 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- NET INCOME PER SHARE: BASIC $ 0.11 $ -- $ 0.05 $ 0.15 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- DILUTED $ 0.11 $ -- $ 0.05 $ 0.15 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- Weighted average shares outstanding: Basic 16,614 16,580 16,383 16,236 ---------- ----------- --------- --------- Diluted 16,925 16,763 16,768 16,799 ---------- ----------- --------- ---------
See notes to consolidated financial statements. 15 AKORN, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY (In Thousands)
Common Stock Unrealized ---------------------- Retained Gain (Loss) Shares Earnings Treasury on Marketable Outstanding Amount (Deficit) Stock Equity Securities Total ----------- ------- --------- -------- ----------------- ------- Balances at July 1, 1994 16,198 $13,959 $ (719) $ (503) $ (32) $12,705 Net income 2,506 2,506 Exercise of stock options 35 8 70 78 Unrealized loss on marketable equity securities (276) (276) Reversal of unrealized loss on marketable equity securities, net of tax 308 308 Unrealized gain on marketable equity securities, net of tax 87 87 Treasury stock reissued 72 35 142 177 ----------- ------- --------- -------- ----------------- ------- Balances at June 30, 1995 16,305 13,959 1,830 (291) 87 15,585 Net income 788 788 Exercise of stock options 249 215 186 198 599 Treasury stock received in lieu of cash (36) (123) (123) Dividends paid to Subchapter S shareholders (583) (583) Reversal of unrealized gain on marketable equity securities, net of tax (87) (87) Treasury stock reissued 56 (2) 124 122 ----------- ------- --------- -------- ----------------- ------- Balances at June 30, 1996 16,574 14,174 2,219 (92) -- 16,301 Net income 44 44 Treasury stock reissued 18 (32) 61 29 ----------- ------- --------- -------- ----------------- ------- Balances at December 31, 1996 16,592 14,174 2,231 (31) -- 16,374 Net income 1,792 1,792 Exercise of stock options 22 46 46 Exercise of warrant 1,000 2,000 2,000 Treasury stock reissued 9 (13) 31 18 Employee stock purchase plan 7 21 21 ----------- ------- --------- -------- ----------------- ------- Balances at December 31, 1997 17,630 $16,241 $ 4,010 $ -- $ -- $20,251 =========== ======= ========= ======== ================= =======
See notes to consolidated financial statements. 16 AKORN, INC. CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Dollars in Thousands)
Six Months Year Ended Ended Years Ended December 31, December 31, June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ---- ---- ---- ---- OPERATING ACTIVITIES $ 1,792 $ 44 $ 788 $ 2,506 Net income Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities: Depreciation and amortization 1,515 720 984 980 (Gain) loss on marketable equity securities -- -- (80) 308 Provision for losses on accounts receivable and inventory 1,188 303 825 160 Deferred income taxes 34 651 (578) 3 Write down of building and equipment 400 -- -- -- Other 43 26 -- (1) Changes in operating assets and liabilities: Accounts receivable (4,170) 267 424 (350) Inventory, prepaid expenses and other assets (2,235) (132) (3,129) (1,420) Trade accounts payable and accrued expenses 1,721 1,438 1,229 (1,514) Income taxes payable 481 (625) (155) 70 Pre-funded development costs (685) (138) (298) (29) -------- -------- -------- -------- NET CASH PROVIDED BY OPERATING ACTIVITIES 64 2,553 10 712 INVESTING ACTIVITIES Purchases of property, plant and equipment (1,154) (1,986) (1,360) (4,818) Product licensing costs (88) (28) (172) (421) Purchases of investments -- (576) (1,173) (2,023) Sales of investments 480 802 1.832 2,319 Purchase of product intangibles (5,645) (340) -- -- -------- -------- -------- -------- NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES (6,387) (2,026) (873) (4,943) FINANCING ACTIVITIES Proceeds from sale of stock 2,085 29 599 256 Repayments of long-term debt (33) (447) (442) (944) Proceeds from issuance of long-term debt 3,955 1,500 400 3,900 Pre-funded development costs -- -- 150 -- Principal payments under capital lease obligations (151) 74 (151) (58) Short-term borrowings, net 1,500 (1,044) 1,008 128 Dividends paid -- -- (583) -- Debt acquisition costs -- -- -- (170) -------- -------- -------- -------- NET CASH PROVIDED BY (USED IN) FINANCING ACTIVITIES 7.356 (38) 979 3,112 -------- -------- -------- -------- INCREASE (DECREASE) IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS 1,033 489 116 (1,119) Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of year 1,380 891 775 1,894 -------- -------- -------- -------- CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF YEAR $ 2,413 $ 1,380 $ 891 $ 775 -------- -------- -------- -------- See notes to consolidated financial statements.
17 Akorn, Inc. Notes to Consolidated Financial Statements Note A - Summary of Significant Accounting Policies Consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Akorn, Inc. (the Company) and its wholly owned subsidiaries, Compass Vision, Inc. (Compass), Spectrum Scientific Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Spectrum), Walnut Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Walnut) and Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Inc. (Taylor). Balances and activities of Compass, Spectrum and Walnut are immaterial. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation. The Company acquired Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. (PRL) effective May 31, 1996 in a business combination accounted for as a pooling of interests. The acquired operations of PRL were merged into Taylor's operations subsequent to the acquisition (see Note B). All financial information presented for periods prior to the acquisition has been restated to include the operations of PRL. Change in Fiscal Year End: Effective July 1, 1996, the Company changed its fiscal year end from June 30 to December 31. The following table sets forth the results of operations for the transition period ended December 31, 1996 and the unaudited results of operations for the six months ended December 31, 1995, the prior period comparable to the transition period:
(Unaudited) Six Months Six Months Ended Ended December 31, December 31, 1996 1995 ---------------------------------------- (in thousands, except per share amounts) Net sales $16,519 $16,949 Gross profit 5,758 6,477 Income before income taxes 70 1,289 Provision for income taxes 26 493 Net income 44 796 Net income per share-basic $ - $ 0.05 -diluted $ - $ 0.05
Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions relate to the reserve for wholesaler chargebacks, the reserve for slow-moving and obsolete inventory and to the carrying value of intangible assets. Revenue Recognition: The Company recognizes sales upon the shipment of goods. Cash Equivalents: The Company considers all highly liquid investments with a maturity of three months or less, when purchased, to be cash equivalents. Inventory: Inventory is stated at the lower of cost (average cost method) or market (see Note F). Provision is made for slow-moving, unsalable or obsolete items. Stock Compensation Plans: The Company has an Incentive Compensation Plan under which any officer or key employee is eligible to receive options as designated by the Company's Board of Directors. The Company also has a Stock Option Plan for directors under which directors are granted nonqualified options. Intangibles: Intangibles consist primarily of product licensing and other such costs which are capitalized and amortized on the straight line method over the lives of the related license periods or the estimated life 18 of the acquired product. Accumulated amortization at December 31, 1997 and 1996 was $661,432 and $323,829, respectively. The Company annually assesses the impairment of intangibles based on several factors, including probable fair market value and anticipated cash flows. Property, Plant and Equipment: Property, plant and equipment is stated at cost, less accumulated depreciation. Depreciation is provided using the straight-line method in amounts considered sufficient to amortize the cost of the assets to operations over their estimated service lives. The average estimated service lives of buildings and leasehold improvements, furniture and equipment and automobiles are approximately 30, 8 and 5 years, respectively. Accrual for Chargebacks: The Company accrues an estimate of the difference between the gross sales price of certain products sold to wholesalers and expected resale prices of such products under contractual arrangements with third parties such as hospitals and group purchasing organizations at the time of sale. As part of the Company's sales terms to wholesale customers, it agrees to reimburse wholesalers for such differentials between wholesale prices and contract prices. Because this accrual relates to amounts not yet collected from the wholesalers, this accrual is carried as a reduction of accounts receivable. Interest Capitalization: The Company capitalizes interest during periods of construction of qualifying assets. For the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the year ended June 30, 1995, the Company capitalized interest costs of $39,880 and $282,007, respectively. No interest was capitalized during the years ended December 31, 1997 and June 30, 1996. Income Taxes: The Company files a consolidated federal income tax return with all of its subsidiaries. Deferred income taxes are provided in the financial statements to account for the tax effects of temporary differences resulting from reporting revenues and expenses for income tax purposes in periods different from those used for financial reporting purposes. Fair Value of Financial Instruments: The Company's financial instruments include cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and short term debt. The fair values of cash, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate fair value because of the short maturity of these instruments. The carrying amounts of the Company's bank borrowings under its credit facility approximate fair value because the interest rates are reset periodically to reflect current market rates. Net Income Per Common Share: In February 1997, the Financial Accounting Standards Board ("FASB") issued SFAS No. 128, "Earnings per Share," which requires presentation of basic and diluted earnings per share. Basic net income per common share is based upon weighted average common shares outstanding. Diluted net income per common share is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, including the dilutive effect of stock options and warrants using the treasury stock method. All prior period amounts have been restated to conform to current reporting requirements. Note B - Acquisition of Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. On May 31, 1996, the Company acquired Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. (PRL) in a business combination accounted for as a pooling of interests. The Company issued 1.4 million shares of its common stock in exchange for all of the outstanding shares of PRL. PRL was merged into the operations of Taylor and the Company was realigned into an ophthalmic division and an injectable division. The Company's financial statements for each of the two years in the period ended June 30, 1996, as contained herein, have been restated to include the results of PRL for all periods presented. Combined and separate results of operations of the Company and PRL during the periods preceding the merger are presented below. 19
Akorn PRL Combined (in thousands) --------------------------- Eleven months ended May 31, 1996 (unaudited): Net sales $27,361 $3,684 $31,045 Net income 675 409 1,084 Fiscal year ended June 30, 1995: Net sales 32,863 4,642 37,505 Net income 2,280 226 2,506
These combined financial results include no significant adjustments to conform the accounting policies of the two companies. In connection with the merger, the Company recorded certain charges in the fourth quarter of the fiscal year ended June 30, 1996 for transaction costs ($109,534) and transitional costs ($567,772) associated with the realignment of the company into two separate reporting divisions. The transaction costs include legal, accounting and other directly related acquisition costs. Transitional costs consist primarily of provisions for severance related costs. Note C - Reorganization of Manufacturing Operations On January 15, 1992, the Company acquired Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in a business combination accounted for as a pooling of interests. Taylor was a contract manufacturer of sterile pharmaceuticals, which it produced and delivered pursuant to contracts with third parties. As part of the acquisition of Taylor in 1992, the Company paid a finder's fee to an affiliate of Dr. John N. Kapoor, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer (the affiliate). This finder's fee was in the form of 250,000 shares of Company Common Stock valued at $3.50 per share. Of the total shares issued, 125,000 were subject to forfeiture if the market price of the Company's Common Stock did not reach at least $5.00 per share by January 15, 1996. In August 1995, the Company, the affiliate and Dr. Kapoor entered into an agreement under which (i) the forfeiture period was extended to January 15, 1998, (ii) forfeiture would not occur in the event that persons unaffiliated with Dr. Kapoor acquire beneficial ownership of more than 50% of the outstanding common stock of the Company and (iii) Dr. Kapoor waived his right to receive $40,000 otherwise payable to him by the Company for serving as Chairman of the Board in fiscal 1996. In May 1997 the Company extended the forfeiture period to January 15, 2000 in consideration for which Dr. Kapoor waived his right to receive $40,000 otherwise payable to him for serving as Chairman of the Board in 1997. Note D - Product Acquisitions Effective December 15, 1997, the Company entered into an agreement with Advanced Remedies, Inc. (ARI), a subsidiary of Sidmak Laboratories, Inc., to acquire the ANDAs of two ophthalmic ointments, "Erythromycin Ophthalmic Ointment USP, 0.5%" and "Bacitracin Zinc & Polymyxin B Sulfate Ophthalmic Ointment USP". These products were previously purchased by the Company from third party manufacturers. The total acquisition cost was $1.75 million, payable in seven equal monthly installments, and is included in the accompanying Balance Sheet as short term borrowings at December 31, 1997. The acquisition cost has been allocated to intangibles and will be amortized over 15 years. Effective April 1, 1997, the Company entered into an agreement with Becton- Dickinson and Company to acquire the NDAs, ANDAs and the trademarks and trade names of three products. As part of this agreement, the Company also acquired certain product inventory. The total acquisition cost was $4.0 million, of which $2.5 million was paid in cash financed through the Company's revolving line of credit and $1.5 million was paid with a non-interest bearing note maturing in April 1999, secured by an irrevocable bank line of credit. The Company has imputed interest on the note at an annual rate of 7.5%. The portion of the acquisition costs allocated to intangibles amounted to $3,725,000 and will be amortized over 18 years. 20 Effective July 1, 1996, the Company entered into an agreement with Janssen Pharmaceutica, Inc. (Janssen) to acquire the NDAs and the U.S. trademarks and trade names of two injectable products, as well as certain high-speed inspection equipment. In exchange, the Company paid Janssen $1.6 million, financed primarily through a $1.5 million commercial credit facility. The portion of the acquisition costs allocated to intangibles amounted to $340,000 and will be amortized over 15 years. Note E - Allowance for Uncollectibles The activity in the allowance for uncollectibles for the periods indicated is as follows (in thousands):
Six Months Year Ended Ended December 31, December 31, Years Ended June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ------------ ----------- ---- ---- Balance at beginning of year $ 359 $339 $291 $272 Provision for bad debts 285 24 124 60 Accounts written off (122) (4) (76) (41) ----- ---- ---- ---- Balance at end of year $ 522 $359 $339 $291 ===== ==== ==== ====
Note F - Inventory The components of inventory are as follows (in thousands):
December 31, 1997 1996 ------------------ Finished goods $6,774 $5,181 Work in process 1,093 1,375 Raw materials and supplies 2,088 2,282 ------------------ $9,955 $8,838 ==================
Inventory at December 31, 1997 and 1996 is reported net of reserves for slow- moving, unsalable and obsolete items of $709,957 and $589,007, respectively. Note G - Property, Plant and Equipment Property, plant and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
December 31, 1997 1996 ----------------- Land $ 479 $ 479 Buildings and leasehold improvements 8,031 8,217 Furniture and equipment 12,723 11,238 Automobiles 133 135 ----------------- 21,366 20,069 Accumulated depreciation (9,606) (8,415) ----------------- 11,760 11,654 Construction in progress 635 1,179 ----------------- $12,395 $12,833 =================
Note H - Pre-Funded Development Costs As part of a cross-licensing agreement with Pfizer, Inc. (Pfizer), the Company was paid an advance of $1 million to be used to fund the costs of developing a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for ophthalmic indications. During the twelve months ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and during fiscal 1996 and 1995, the Company incurred development costs of $534,696, $138,829, $297,463 and $29,012, respectively, which were charged against the pre-funded balance. 21 As part of the same agreement, Pfizer paid the Company an advance royalty of $1 million. The Company recognized this deferred revenue over a one year period beginning in March 1996. Note I - Financing Arrangements The Company's short-term borrowings are summarized as follows (in thousands):
December 31, 1997 1996 ---------------- Payable under lines of credit $ - $ - Payable under bank and other notes 1,750 250 ---------------- $1,750 $ 250 ================ Long-term debt consists of (in thousands): December 31, 1997 1996 ---------------- Payable under lines of credit $7,300 $ - Notes payable secured by various assets, with maturities through 2000 at interest rates ranging from 8% to 10.25% 1,500 4,855 Other obligations - 22 ---------------- 8,800 4,877 Less current portion - (19) ---------------- Long-term debt $8,800 $4,858 ================ Maturities of long-term debt are as follows (in thousands): Years ending December 31: 1998 $ - 1999 8,800 ------ Total $8,800 ======
In April 1997, the Company entered into an agreement to purchase certain products from Becton-Dickinson and Company (See Note D). As consideration for this purchase, the Company issued a $1,500,000 non-interest bearing note secured by an irrevocable bank letter of credit. The Company recognizes interest expense on the note at an imputed rate of 7.5 percent. In December 1997, the Company entered into a $15,000,000 revolving credit agreement with The Northern Trust Company, of which there were outstanding borrowings of $7,300,000 and the above discussed $1,500,000 letter of credit at December 31, 1997. The total outstanding principal balance is payable in full on December 29, 1999. Outstanding borrowings under this facility currently bear interest at the federal funds rate plus 1.25 percent, which interest rate was 7.09 percent at December 31, 1997. The agreement provides that an annual commitment fee be paid by the Company based on 0.25 percent of the average daily unused amount of the facility. The agreement also requires the Company to maintain certain financial covenants including, but not limited to: minimum net income, minimum net worth, minimum cash flow coverage and maximum funded debt to EBITDA. The agreement prohibits the Company from declaring any cash dividends on its common stock. The revolving credit facility is secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company and its subsidiaries, excluding real property located in Decatur, Illinois. Note J - Leasing Arrangements The Company leases certain equipment under capital leasing arrangements which expire through the year 2000. 22 Property, plant and equipment includes the following amounts relating to such capital leases (in thousands):
December 31, 1997 1996 ------------ Furniture and equipment $ 806 $ 806 Less accumulated depreciation (383) (226) ------------- $ 423 $ 580 =============
Depreciation expense provided on these assets was $157,034, $78,517, $94,254 and $25,822 for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995, respectively. The following is a schedule, by year, of future minimum lease payments under these capital leases together with the present value of the net minimum lease payments (in thousands).
Years ending December 31, 1998 $173 1999 173 2000 43 ---- Total Minimum Lease Payments 389 Less: Amount Representing Interest (37) ---- Present Value of Net Minimum Lease Payments $352 ====
The Company leases real and personal property in the normal course of business under various operating leases, including non-cancelable and month-to-month agreements. Payments under these leases were $289,276, $38,051, $73,196 and $169,825 for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995, respectively. The following is a schedule, by year, of future minimum rental payments required under these non- cancelable operating leases (in thousands):
Years ended December 31, 1998 $ 326 1999 317 2000 315 2001 311 2002 317 2003 71 ------ Total Minimum Payments Required $1,657 ======
Note K - Stock Options and Employee Stock Purchase Plan Under the 1988 Incentive Compensation Program (the Incentive Program) any officer or key employee of the Company is eligible to receive options as designated by the Company's Board of Directors. As of December 31, 1997, 3,000,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock are reserved to be issued under the Incentive Program. The exercise price of the options granted under the Incentive Program may not be less than 50 percent of the fair market value of the shares subject to the option on the date of grant, as determined by the Board of Directors. All options granted under the Incentive Program during the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 have exercise prices equivalent to the market value of the Company's Common Stock on the date of grant. Options granted under the Incentive Program generally vest over a period of three years and expire within a period of five years. Under the 1991 Stock Option Plan for Directors (the Directors' Plan) persons elected as directors of the Company are granted nonqualified options at the fair market value of the shares subject to option on the date of the grant. As of December 31, 1997, 500,000 shares of the Company's Common Stock are reserved to be issued under the Directors' Plan. Options granted under the Directors' Plan vest immediately and expire five years from the date of grant. 23 A summary of the status of the Company's stock options as of December 31, 1997 and 1996 and June 30, 1996 and 1995 and changes during the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 is presented below (shares in thousands):
Year Six Months Ended Ended December 31, December 31, Years Ended June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Weighted Weighted Weighted Weighted Average Average Average Average Exercise Exercise Exercise Exercise Shares Price Shares Price Shares Price Shares Price ---------------------------------------------------------------------- Outstanding at beginning of period 1,281 $2.35 1,243 $2.57 1,624 $2.56 1,459 $2.51 Granted 927 $2.38 401 $2.19 215 $2.75 238 $2.93 Exercised (22) $2.13 - - (250) $2.40 (73) $2.34 Expired/Canceled (287) $2.46 (363) $3.00 (346) $3.00 - $ - ----- ----- ----- ----- Outstanding at end of period 1,899 $2.35 1,281 $2.35 1,243 $2.57 1,624 $2.56 ===== ===== ===== ===== Options exercisable at end of period 1,086 $2.35 870 $2.33 1,134 $2.56 1,348 $2.67 Options available for future grant 1,246 886 924 793 Weighted average fair value of options granted during the period $1.04 $0.83 $1.04
The fair value of each option granted during the year ended December 31, 1997 is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: (i) dividend yield of 0%, (ii) expected volatility of 39%, (iii) risk-free interest rate of 5.75% and (iv) expected life of 5 years. The fair value of each option granted during the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the year ended June 30, 1996 is estimated on the date of grant using the Black-Scholes option pricing model with the following assumptions: (i) dividend yield of 0%, (ii) expected volatility of 28%, (iii) risk-free interest rate of 6.5% and (iv) expected life of 5 years. The following table summarizes information about stock options outstanding at December 31, 1997 (shares in thousands):
Options Outstanding Options Exercisable ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Number Weighted Average Number Range of Outstanding Remaining Weighted Average Exercisable Weighted Average Exercise at December 31, Contractual Exercise at December 31, Exercise Prices 1997 Life Price 1997 Price - ------------- -------------- ----------------- ---------------- --------------- ---------------- $1.50 88 2.4 years $1.50 88 $1.50 $1.75 - $2.12 306 0.6 years $1.90 306 $1.90 $2.13 - $2.20 692 4.2 years $2.14 248 $2.14 $2.28 - $2.54 410 4.3 years $2.37 132 $2.36 $2.63 - $2.81 185 3.1 years $2.75 131 $2.76 $2.88 - $3.94 218 2.3 years $3.59 181 $3.52 ----- ----- 1,899 1,086 ===== =====
The Company applies Accounting Principles Board (APB) Opinion 25 and related interpretations in accounting for its plans. Accordingly, no compensation cost has been recognized for its stock option plans. Had compensation cost for the Company's stock-based compensation plans been determined based on SFAS No. 123, the Company's net income and earnings per share for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the year ended June 30, 1996 would have been the pro forma amounts indicated below (in thousands, except per share amounts). 24
Year ended Six months ended Year ended December 31, 1997 December 31, 1996 June 30, 1996 ----------------- ----------------- ------------------- As As As Reported Proforma Reported Proforma Reported Proforma -------------------------------------------------------------- Net income, (loss) $1,792 $1,441 $ 44 $ (40) $ 788 $ 769 ============================================================== Net income per share -- diluted $ 0.11 $ 0.09 $ - $ - $0.05 $0.05 ==============================================================
The Akorn, Inc. Employee Stock Purchase Plan permits eligible employees to acquire shares of the Company's common stock through payroll deductions not exceeding 15% of base wages, at a 15% discount from market price. A maximum of 1,000,000 shares of the Company's common stock may be acquired under the terms of the Plan. Purchases of shares were issued from treasury stock through the first half of 1997 and approximated 9,000, 18,000, 56,000 and 72,000 shares, respectively, during the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995. New shares issued under the plan approximated 11,000 in 1997. Note L - Income Taxes The income tax provision (benefit) consisted of the following (in thousands):
Current Deferred Total Year ended December 31, 1997: Federal $1,005 $ (79) $ 926 State 13 113 126 --------------------------- $1,018 $ 34 $1,052 =========================== Six months ended December 31, 1996: Federal $ (557) $ 581 $ 24 State (68) 70 2 --------------------------- $ (625) $ 651 $ 26 =========================== Year ended June 30, 1996: Federal $ 756 $(516) $ 240 State 11 (62) (51) --------------------------- $ 767 $(578) $ 189 =========================== Year ended June 30, 1995: Federal $1,177 $ 2 $1,179 State 53 - 53 --------------------------- $1,230 $ 2 $1,232 ===========================
Income tax expense differs from the "expected" tax expense computed by applying the U.S. Federal corporate income tax rate of 34% to income before income taxes as follows (in thousands):
Year ended Six months ended December 31, December 31, Years ended June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ------ ----- ---- ------ Computed "expected" tax expense $ 947 $ 24 $ 332 $1,271 Increase in income taxes resulting from: State income taxes, net of federal income tax benefits 85 2 4 32 Pre-merger earnings of PRL - - (139) (84) Other, net 20 - (8) 13 ------ ----- ----- ------ Income tax expense $1,052 $ 26 $ 189 $1,232 ====== ===== ===== ======
25 Deferred tax assets (liabilities) at December 31, 1997 and 1996 include (in thousands):
December 31, December 31, 1997 1996 ------ ------ Accrued reorganization costs $ - $ 40 Other accrued expenses 517 711 Pre-funded development costs - 253 Intangible assets, net (288) (99) Property, plant and equipment, net (374) (537) Other, net 646 (59) ------ ------ $ 501 $ 309 ====== ======
The net deferred tax asset is classified in the accompanying balance sheets as follows (in thousands):
December 31, December 31, 1997 1996 ------- ------- Deferred tax asset-current $ 1,350 $ 1,101 Deferred tax liability-noncurrent (849) (792) ------- ------- $ 501 $ 309 ======= =======
Note M Changes in Accounting Estimates The Company accrues an estimate of the difference between the gross sales price of certain products sold to wholesalers and expected resale prices of such products under contractual arrangements with third parties such as hospitals and group purchasing organizations at the time of sale. This reserve is carried as a reduction of accounts receivable. The Company evaluates the reserve balance against actual chargebacks processed by wholesalers. Actual chargebacks processed can vary substantially from period to period. The acquisition of two injectable anesthesia products from Janssen Pharmaceutica in the third quarter of 1996 resulted in a substantial increase in chargeback activity. Initial receipt of actual chargeback requests from wholesalers was sporadic during 1996. By year-end 1997, management felt that chargeback activity for these products had stabilized and that sufficient data had been obtained to validate adjustments to chargeback accrual assumptions. During the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 1997, the Company revised its assumptions underlying the reserve for chargebacks, resulting in an increase in net sales of $1,300,000. During the fourth quarter of the year ended June 30, 1996, the Company revised its assumptions underlying the reserve for chargebacks, resulting in a reduction of net sales of $250,000. The Company records a reserve for slow-moving and obsolete inventory based upon evaluation of product dating and unit sales forecasts. During the fourth quarter of the year ended December 31, 1997, the Company increased its estimate for unsalable inventory by approximately $900,000. During the quarters ended March 31, June 30 and December 31, 1996, the Company increased its estimate for unsalable inventory by approximately $300,000, $200,000 and $260,000, respectively. These changes in estimate are reported as an increase in cost of goods sold. During the quarter ended December 31, 1997, the Company increased its estimate for management bonuses by approximately $300,000. Note N-Retirement Plan All employees who have attained the age of 21 with six months of service are eligible for participation in the Company's 401(k) Plan. The plan-related expense recognized for the year ended December 31, 1997, the six months ended December 31, 1996 and the years ended June 30, 1996 and 1995 totaled $65,704, $34,805, $100,615 and $86,296, respectively. The employer's matching contribution is a discretionary percentage of the amount contributed by each employee and is funded on a current basis. 26 Note--Industry Segment Information The Company classifies its operations into two business segments, ophthalmic and injectable. The ophthalmic segment markets and distributes diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals and surgical instruments and related supplies. The injectable segment markets and distributes injectable pharmaceuticals, primarily in niche markets. Selected financial information by industry segment is presented below (in thousands).
Year ended Six months ended December 31, December 31, Years ended June 30, 1996 1995 ------------ ---------------- ------- ------- NET SALES Ophthalmic $24,901 $10,271 $20,833 $23,791 Injectable 17,422 6,248 13,092 13,714 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total net sales $42,323 $16,519 $33,925 $37,505 ======= ======= ======= ======= OPERATING INCOME Ophthalmic $ 1,598 $ 691 $ 1,037 $ 3,515 Injectable 2,428 (192) 994 1,466 General Corporate (861) (369) (942) (1,071) ------- ------- ------- ------- Total operating income 3,165 130 1,089 3,910 Interest and other (expense), net (321) (60) (112) (172) ------- ------- ------- ------- Income before income taxes $ 2,844 $ 70 $ 977 $ 3,738 ======= ======= ======= ======= IDENTIFIABLE ASSETS Ophthalmic $20,957 $12,293 $13,179 $13,171 Injectable 17,758 15,720 16,388 14,320 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total identifiable assets $38,715 $28,013 $29,567 $27,491 ======= ======= ======= ======= DEPRECIATION AND AMORTIZATION Ophthalmic $ 516 $ 214 $ 331 $ 395 Injectable 999 506 653 585 ------- ------- ------- ------- Total depreciation and amortization $ 1,515 $ 720 $ 984 $ 980 ======= ======= ======= =======
For the year ended December 31, 1997, operating income for the ophthalmic segment includes non-recurring charges of $1,451,000 related to the relocation of the division from Abita Springs, Louisiana to the Chicago area. For the same period, operating income for the injectable segment includes non-recurring charges of $213,000 related to a change in an estimate of the timing of absorption of manufacturing overhead. For the year ended June 30, 1996, operating income for the ophthalmic and injectable segments includes non-recurring charges of $385,000 and $292,000, respectively, related to the acquisition of PRL and the realignment of the Company into two separate divisions. The Company records sales between the segments at fully absorbed cost. Note P--Commitments and Contingencies The Company is a party in legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, management of the Company at this time does not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on the consolidated financial position, results of operations, or cash flows of the Company. 27 Note Q--Supplemental Cash Flow Information (in thousands)
Year ended Six months ended December 31, December 31, Years ended June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ---- ---- ---- ---- Interest and taxes paid: Interest $ 592 $ 189 $ 442 $ 25 Income taxes 788 - 867 1,150 Noncash investing and financing activities: Treasury stock received for exercise of stock options - - 123 - Notes issued for product acquisitions 3,250 - - - Additions to capital lease obligations - - - 706
Note R--Subsequent Events On January 21, 1998, the Company announced the purchase of the NDA, trademark and U.S. trade name rights to Paremyd, a topical mydriatic combination product, from Allergan. Paremyd has been off the market for all of 1997 due to a raw material shortage. The Company will, with Allergan's assistance, move quickly to obtain FDA approval to manufacture the product at Taylor. The total purchase price was $700,000, with $500,000 paid in cash upon closing and $200,000 payable upon receipt of an approved supplement from the FDA or twelve months from closing, whichever is sooner. On January 13, 1998, the Company announced the purchase of two branded injectable products, Sufenta and Alfenta, from Janssen Pharmaceutica, Inc. The products are injectable opioid analgesics indicated for use in the induction and maintenance of general anesthesia. Both are NDA products, and Alfenta remains covered under patent. The total purchase price was $6,600,000, with $2,200,000 paid in cash upon closing and two additional payments of $2,200,000 payable on the next anniversary of the closing date and on December 29, 1999, respectively. The second two payments are secured by irrevocable bank letters of credit, which are issued under the revolving credit facility (see Note I). Note S--Recent Accounting Pronouncements In June 1997, the FASB issued SFAS No. 130, "Reporting Comprehensive Income," which requires all items of comprehensive income be reported in a financial statement that is displayed with the same prominence as other financial statements. Other comprehensive income may include foreign currency items, minimum pension liability adjustments and unrealized gains and losses on certain investments in debt and equity securities. The accumulated balance of other comprehensive income must be displayed separately from retained earnings and additional paid-in capital in the equity section of a statement of financial position. The Company will adopt this accounting standard January 1, 1998, as required. Reclassification of financial statements for earlier periods is required. The Company does not expect the adoption of this new accounting standard to have a material effect on its consolidated financial statements. In June 1997, the FASB issued SFAS No. 131, "Disclosures About Segments of an Enterprise and Related Information," which redefines how operating segments are determined and requires disclosure of certain financial and descriptive information about a Company's operating segments. The Company will adopt this accounting standard as of December 31, 1998, as required. The Company expects to continue reporting on ophthalmic and injectable segments. 28 Item 9. Changes in and Disagreements with Accountants on Accounting and Financial Disclosure. There was no change in the principal independent auditor of the Company or any significant subsidiary of the Company during the year ended December 31, 1997, the six month transition period ended December 31, 1996 or the fiscal years ended June 30, 1996 or 1995. PART III Item 10. Directors, Executive Officers, Promoters and Control Persons; Compliance with Section 16(a) of the Exchange Act. Information concerning directors is incorporated by reference to the Company's Definitive Proxy Statement for its 1998 Annual Meeting of Shareholders. Information concerning the Company's executive officers is included in Item 1A of Part I hereof. Item 11. Executive Compensation The information required by this item as to executive compensation is hereby incorporated by reference from the information appearing under the captions "Executive Compensation", "Compensation of Directors", ":Election of Directors-- Compensation Committee Interlocks and Insider Participation", and "Compensation Committee Report" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement which is to be filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the "Commission") within 120 days of the Company's fiscal year ended December 31, 1997. Item 12. Security Ownership of Certain Beneficial Owners and Management. The information required by this item as to the ownership of management and others of securities of the Company is hereby incorporated by reference from the information appearing under the caption "Security Ownership" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement which is to be filed with the Commission within 120 days of the Company's fiscal year ended December 31, 1997. Item 13. Certain Relationships and Related Transactions. The information required by this item as to certain business relationships and transactions with management and other related parties of the Company is hereby incorporated by reference from the information appearing under the caption "Certain Relationships and Related Transactions" in the Company's definitive Proxy Statement which is to be filed with the Commission within 120 days of the Company's fiscal year ended December 31, 1997. PART IV Item 14. Exhibits and Reports on Form 8-K. (a) Exhibits. Those exhibits marked with an asterisk (*) refer to exhibits filed herewith and listed in the Exhibit Index which appears immediately before the first such exhibit; the other exhibits are incorporated herein by reference, as indicated in the following list. (2.0) Agreement and Plan of Merger among Akorn, Inc., Taylor, and Pasadena Research Laboratories, Inc. dated May 7, 1996, incorporated by reference to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1996. 29 (3.1) Restated Articles of Incorporation of the Company dated September 6, 1991, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1991. (3.2) Articles of Amendment to Articles of Incorporation of the company dated February 28, 1997, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the transition period from July 1, 1996 to December 31, 1996. (3.3) Current Composite of By-laws of the Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.3 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the transition period from July 1, 1996 to December 31, 1996. (4.1) Specimen Common Stock Certificate, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1988. (10.1) Consulting Agreement dated November 15, 1990 by and between E. J. Financial Enterprises,, Inc., a Delaware corporation, and the Company, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1991. (10.2) Amendment No. 1 to the Amended and Restated Akorn, Inc. 1988 Incentive Compensation Program, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.33 to the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1992. (10.3) 1991 Akorn, Inc. Stock Option Plan for Directors, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.3 to the Company's registration statement on Form S-8, registration number 33-44785. (10.4) Common Stock Purchase Warrant dated September 3, 1992, issued by the Company to the John N. Kapoor Trust dated September 20, 1989, incorporated by reference to Exhibit No. 7 to Amendment No. 3 to Schedule 13D, dated September 10, 1992, filed by John N. Kapoor and the John N. Kapoor Trust dated September 20, 1989. (10.5) Employment Agreement among Akorn, Inc., Taylor and Floyd Benjamin dated May 31, 1996, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.24 of the Company's report on Form 10-K for the fiscal year ended June 30, 1996. (11.1) *Computation of Earnings Per Share. (21.1) *Subsidiaries of the Company. (23.1) *Consent of Deloitte & Touche LLP. (27) *Financial Data Schedule. (b) Reports on Form 8-K. A report on Form 8-K was filed January 9, 1998, reporting the exercise of a warrant for 1,000,000 shares of Company Common Stock at a price of $2.00 per share by the John N. Kapoor Trust dated September 20, 1989. 30 SIGNATURES In accordance with Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the Registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned, thereunto duly authorized. AKORN, INC. By: /s/ John N. Kapoor, Ph.D. ------------------------------ John N. Kapoor, Ph.D. Chief Executive Officer Date: March 16, 1998 In accordance with the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, this report has been signed below by the following persons on behalf of the Registrant, and in the capacities and on the dates indicated.
Signature Title Date - --------- ----- ---- /s/ John N. Kapoor, Ph.D. Chief Executive Officer and Director March 16, 1998 - ------------------------------------------- (Principal Executive Officer) John N. Kapoor, Ph.D. /s/ Rita J. McConville Chief Financial Officer March 16, 1998 - ------------------------------------------- (Principal Financial Officer and Rita J. McConville (Principal Accounting Officer) /s/ Floyd Benjamin Director March 16, 1998 - ------------------------------------------- Floyd Benjamin /s/ Daniel E. Bruhl, M.D. Director March 16, 1998 - ------------------------------------------- Daniel E. Bruhl, M.D. /s/ Doyle S. Gaw Director March 16, 1998 - ------------------------------------------- Doyle S. Gaw
31


Exhibit 11.1

                      COMPUTATION OF NET INCOME PER SHARE
                     (In Thousands, Except Per Share Data)


Six months Year ended ended December 31, December 31, Years ended June 30, 1997 1996 1996 1995 ------------ ------------ ------------ ------- Earnings Income applicable to common stock $ 1,792 $ 44 $ 788 $ 2,506 ======= ======= ======= ======= Shares Weighted average number of shares outstanding 16,614 16,580 16,383 16,236 Net income per share--basic $ 0.11 $ - $ 0.05 $ 0.15 ======= ======= ======= ======= Additional shares assuming conversion of options 311 183 405 563 ------- ------- ------- ------- Pro forma shares 16,925 16,763 16,788 16,799 Net income per share--diluted $ 0.11 $ - $ 0.05 $ 0.15 ======= ======= ======= =======

 
Exhibit 21.1

                          SUBSIDIARIES OF THE COMPANY

                  Name                       State of Incorporation
- -----------------------------------------    ----------------------

Taylor Pharmaceuticals, Inc.                       Illinois

Spectrum Scientific Pharmaceuticals, Inc.          Louisiana

Walnut Pharmaceuticals, Inc.                       Louisiana

Compass Vision, Inc.                               Louisiana

 
Exhibit 23.1

INDEPENDENT AUDITORS' CONSENT

We consent to the incorporation by reference in Registration Statement Nos. 33-
44785, 33-24970 and 33-70686 of Akorn, Inc. on Form S-8 of our report dated
February 27, 1998 (which expresses an unqualified opinion), appearing in this
Annual Report on Form 10-K of Akorn, Inc. for the year ended December 31, 1997.



Deloitte & Touche LLP
Chicago, Illinois
February 27, 1998

 


 
5 THIS SCHEDULE CONTAINS SUMMARY FINANCIAL INFORMATION EXTRACTED FROM CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS FOR THE YEAR ENDED DECEMBER 31, 1997 AND IS QUALIFIED IN ITS ENTIRETY BY REFERENCE TO SUCH FINANCIAL STATEMENTS. YEAR DEC-31-1997 DEC-31-1997 2,413,383 96,000 5,950,853 (521,542) 9,955,081 19,632,963 22,001,746 (9,606,387) 38,715,117 8,611,827 0 0 0 16,241,393 4,009,593 38,715,117 42,322,546 42,322,546 23,546,388 23,546,388 15,326,182 285,000 496,660 2,843,697 1,052,172 1,791,525 0 0 0 1,791,525 .11 .11