e10vq
 
 
UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
     
þ   QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED March 31, 2008
     
o   TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
FOR THE TRANSITION PERIOD FROM                     TO                    
COMMISSION FILE NUMBER: 0-13976
AKORN, INC.
(Exact Name of Registrant as Specified in its Charter)
     
LOUISIANA   72-0717400
(State or Other Jurisdiction of   (I.R.S. Employer
Incorporation or Organization)   Identification No.)
     
2500 MILLBROOK DRIVE    
BUFFALO GROVE, ILLINOIS   60089
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)   (Zip Code)
(847) 279-6100
(Registrant’s telephone number)
     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes þ No o
      Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, or a smaller reporting company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer” and “smaller reporting company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act. (Check one):
             
Large accelerated filer o   Accelerated filer þ   Non-accelerated filer o
(Do not check if a smaller reporting company)
  Smaller reporting company o
     Indicate by check mark whether the Registrant is a shell company (as defined in Exchange Act Rule 12b-2).
Yes o No þ
     At April 30, 2008 there were 89,222,356 shares of common stock, no par value, outstanding.
 
 

 


 

         
    Page
PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
       
ITEM 1. Financial Statements
       
Condensed Consolidated Balance Sheets-March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007
    3  
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Operations-Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007
    4  
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Shareholders’ Equity-Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007
    5  
Condensed Consolidated Statements of Cash Flows-Three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007
    6  
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
    7  
ITEM 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations
    16  
ITEM 3. Quantitative and Qualitative Disclosures About Market Risk
    19  
ITEM 4. Controls and Procedures
    19  
PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
       
ITEM 1. Legal Proceedings
    20  
ITEM 1A. Risk Factors
    20  
ITEM 2. Unregistered Sales of Equity Securities and Use of Proceeds
    20  
ITEM 3. Defaults Upon Senior Securities
    20  
ITEM 4. Submission of Matters to a Vote of Security Holders
    21  
ITEM 5. Other Information
    21  
ITEM 6. Exhibits
    22  

2


 

PART I. FINANCIAL INFORMATION
Item 1. Financial Statements.
AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT SHARE DATA
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2008     2007  
    (UNAUDITED)     (AUDITED)  
ASSETS
               
CURRENT ASSETS
               
Cash and cash equivalents
  $ 3,427     $ 7,948  
Restricted cash for Revolving Credit Agreement
    3,300       1,250  
Trade accounts receivable (less allowance for doubtful accounts of $3 and $5, respectively)
    3,071       4,112  
Inventories
    33,795       31,095  
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    1,294       1,317  
 
           
TOTAL CURRENT ASSETS
    44,887       45,722  
PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT, NET
    31,752       32,262  
OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
               
Intangibles, net
    7,032       7,721  
Other
    155       1,261  
 
           
TOTAL OTHER LONG-TERM ASSETS
    7,187       8,982  
 
           
TOTAL ASSETS
  $ 83,826     $ 86,966  
 
           
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
CURRENT LIABILITIES
               
Revolving Line of credit
  $ 11,264     $ 4,521  
Mortgage Payable
    105       208  
Trade accounts payable
    8,344       14,070  
Accrued compensation
    1,152       895  
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
    1,342       1,306  
 
           
TOTAL CURRENT LIABILITIES
    22,207       21,000  
LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
               
Product warranty liability
    1,299       1,308  
 
           
TOTAL LONG-TERM LIABILITIES
    1,299       1,308  
 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES
    23,506       22,308  
 
           
SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
               
Common stock, no par value — 150,000,000 shares authorized; 89,131,592 and 88,900,588 shares issued and outstanding at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively
    167,099       165,829  
Warrants to acquire common stock
    2,731       2,795  
Accumulated deficit
    (109,510 )     (103,966 )
 
           
TOTAL SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
    60,320       64,658  
 
           
TOTAL LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
  $ 83,826     $ 86,966  
 
           
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

3


 

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF OPERATIONS
IN THOUSANDS, EXCEPT PER SHARE DATA
(UNAUDITED)
                 
    THREE MONTHS ENDED  
    MARCH 31,  
    2008     2007  
Revenues
  $ 14,459     $ 11,735  
Cost of sales
    10,712       9,246  
 
           
GROSS PROFIT
    3,747       2,489  
Selling, general and administrative expenses
    6,257       5,242  
Amortization of intangibles
    339       338  
Research and development expenses
    2,376       2,011  
 
           
TOTAL OPERATING EXPENSES
    8,972       7,591  
 
           
OPERATING LOSS
    (5,225 )     (5,102 )
Interest (expense)/income, net
    (115 )     259  
Other expense
    (201 )      
 
           
LOSS BEFORE INCOME TAXES
    (5,541 )     (4,843 )
Income tax provision
    3        
 
           
NET LOSS
  $ (5,544 )   $ (4,843 )
 
           
NET LOSS PER SHARE:
               
BASIC
  $ (0.06 )   $ (0.06 )
 
           
DILUTED
  $ (0.06 )   $ (0.06 )
 
           
SHARES USED IN COMPUTING NET LOSS PER SHARE:
               
BASIC
    89,053       86,252  
 
           
DILUTED
    89,053       86,252  
 
           
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

4


 

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
FOR THE THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2008 AND 2007
UNAUDITED
(In Thousands)
                                         
                    Warrants to     Retained        
                    acquire     Earnings        
Three Months Ended March 31, 2008   Common Stock     Common     (Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Stock     Deficit)     Total  
BALANCES AT DECEMBER 31, 2007
    88,901     $ 165,829     $ 2,795     $ (103,966 )   $ 64,658  
Net loss
                      (5,544 )     (5,544 )
Exercise of warrants into common stock
    50       101       (64 )           37  
Exercise of stock options
    163       422                   422  
Employee stock purchase plan issuances
    8       58                   58  
Amortization of deferred compensation related to restricted stock awards
    10       225                   225  
Stock-based compensation expense
          464                   464  
 
                                       
 
                             
BALANCES AT MARCH 31, 2008
    89,132     $ 167,099     $ 2,731     $ (109,510 )   $ 60,320  
 
                             
                                         
                    Warrants to     Retained        
                    acquire     Earnings        
Three Months Ended March 31, 2007   Common Stock     Common     (Accumulated        
    Shares     Amount     Stock     Deficit)     Total  
BALANCES AT DECEMBER 31, 2006
    85,991     $ 150,250     $ 4,862     $ (84,798 )   $ 70,314  
Net loss
                      (4,843 )     (4,843 )
Exercise of warrants into common stock
    510       1,033       (651 )           382  
Exercise of stock options
    84       276                   276  
Employee stock purchase plan issuances
    12       76                   76  
Amortization of deferred compensation related to restricted stock awards
          221                   221  
Stock-based compensation expense
          890                   890  
 
                                       
 
                             
BALANCES AT MARCH 31, 2007
    86,597     $ 152,746     $ 4,211     $ (89,641 )   $ 67,316  
 
                             
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

5


 

AKORN, INC.
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
IN THOUSANDS (UNAUDITED)
                 
    THREE MONTHS  
    ENDED MARCH 31  
    2008     2007  
OPERATING ACTIVITIES
               
Net loss
  $ (5,544 )   $ (4,843 )
Adjustments to reconcile net loss to net cash used in operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
    1,118       1,095  
Non-cash stock compensation expense
    689       1,111  
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
               
Trade accounts receivable
    1,041       2,650  
Inventories
    (2,700 )     (2,466 )
Prepaid expenses and other current assets
    233       212  
Other long-term assets
    1,246        
Trade accounts payable
    (5,726 )     (619 )
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
    284       (982 )
 
           
NET CASH USED IN OPERATING ACTIVITIES
    (9,359 )     (3,842 )
INVESTING ACTIVITIES
               
Purchases of property, plant and equipment
    (269 )     (500 )
Purchase of intangible assets
          (50 )
 
           
NET CASH USED IN INVESTING ACTIVITIES
    (269 )     (550 )
FINANCING ACTIVITIES
               
Repayment of long-term debt
    (103 )     (96 )
Restricted cash for revolving credit agreement
    (2,050 )      
Proceeds from line of credit
    6,743        
Proceeds from warrants exercised
    37       382  
Proceeds under stock option and stock purchase plans
    480       352  
 
           
NET CASH PROVIDED BY FINANCING ACTIVITIES
    5,107       638  
 
           
DECREASE IN CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS
    (4,521 )     (3,754 )
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
    7,948       21,818  
 
           
CASH AND CASH EQUIVALENTS AT END OF PERIOD
  $ 3,427     $ 18,064  
 
           
Amount paid for interest
  $ 175     $ 14  
Amount paid for income taxes
  $ 3     $ 1  
See notes to condensed consolidated financial statements.

6


 

AKORN, INC.
NOTES TO CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(UNAUDITED)
NOTE A — BUSINESS AND BASIS OF PRESENTATION
     Business: Akorn, Inc. and its wholly owned subsidiary, Akorn (New Jersey), Inc. (collectively, the “Company”), manufacture and market diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals in specialty areas such as ophthalmology, rheumatology, anesthesia and antidotes, among others. Customers, including physicians, optometrists, wholesalers, group purchasing organizations and other pharmaceutical companies, are served primarily from three operating facilities in the United States. In September 2004, the Company, along with a venture partner, Strides Arcolab Limited (“Strides”), formed a mutually owned limited liability company, Akorn-Strides, LLC (the “Joint Venture Company”). The accompanying unaudited condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Akorn, Inc. and Akorn (New Jersey) Inc. Intercompany transactions and balances have been eliminated in consolidation.
     Basis of Presentation: These financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and accordingly do not include all the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments of a normal and recurring nature considered necessary for a fair presentation have been included in these financial statements. Operating results for the three-month period ended March 31, 2008 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for a full year. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and footnotes for the year ended December 31, 2007, included in the Company’s Annual Report on Form 10-K.
NOTE B — SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
     Use of Estimates: The preparation of financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America requires management to make estimates and assumptions that affect the reported amounts of assets and liabilities and disclosure of contingent assets and liabilities at the date of the financial statements and the reported amounts of revenues and expenses during the reporting period. Actual results could differ materially from those estimates. Significant estimates and assumptions for the Company relate to the allowance for doubtful accounts, the allowance for chargebacks, the allowance for rebates, the allowance for product returns and discounts, the reserve for slow-moving and obsolete inventories, the carrying value of intangible assets and the carrying value of deferred income tax assets.
     Chargebacks: The Company enters into contractual agreements with certain third parties such as hospitals and group-purchasing organizations to sell certain products at predetermined prices. The parties have elected to have these contracts administered through wholesalers that buy the product from the Company and subsequently sell it to these third parties. When a wholesaler sells products to one of these third parties that are subject to a contractual price agreement, the difference between the price paid to the Company by the wholesaler and the price under the specific contract is charged back to the Company by the wholesaler. The Company tracks sales and submitted chargebacks by product number and contract for each wholesaler. Utilizing this information, the Company estimates a chargeback percentage for each product. The Company reduces gross sales and increases the chargeback allowance by the estimated chargeback amount for each product sold to a wholesaler. The Company reduces the chargeback allowance when it processes a request for a chargeback from a wholesaler. Actual chargebacks processed by the Company can vary materially from period to period based upon actual sales volume through the wholesalers. However, the Company’s provision for chargebacks is fully reserved for at the time when sales revenues are recognized.
     Management obtains certain wholesaler inventory reports to aid in analyzing the reasonableness of the chargeback allowance. The Company assesses the reasonableness of its chargeback allowance by applying the product chargeback percentage based on historical activity to the quantities of inventory on hand per the wholesaler inventory reports and an estimate of in-transit inventory that is not reported on the wholesaler inventory reports at the end of the period. In accordance with its accounting policy, the Company’s estimate of the percentage amount of wholesaler inventory that will ultimately be sold to a third party that is subject to a contractual price agreement is based on a six-quarter trend of such sales through wholesalers. The Company uses this percentage estimate (95% in 2008 and 2007) until historical trends indicate that a revision should be made.
     On an ongoing basis, the Company evaluates its actual chargeback rate experience and new trends are factored into its estimates each quarter as market conditions change.

7


 

     Sales Returns: Certain of the Company’s products are sold with the customer having the right to return the product within specified periods and guidelines for a variety of reasons, including but not limited to, pending expiration dates. Provisions are made at the time of sale based upon tracked historical experience, by customer in some cases. The Company estimates its sales returns reserve based on a historical percentage of returns to sales utilizing a twelve month look back period. One-time historical factors or pending new developments that would impact the expected level of returns are taken into account to determine the appropriate reserve estimate at each balance sheet date.
     As part of the evaluation of the balance required, the Company considers actual returns to date that are in process, the expected impact of any product recalls and the wholesaler’s inventory information to assess the magnitude of unconsumed product that may result in a sales return to the Company in the future. The sales returns level can be impacted by factors such as overall market demand and market competition and availability for substitute products which can increase or decrease the end-user pull through for sales of the Company’s products and ultimately impact the level of sales returns. Actual returns experience and trends are factored into the Company’s estimates each quarter as market conditions change.
NOTE C — STOCK BASED COMPENSATION
Effective January 1, 2006, the Company adopted Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123 (revised 2004), “Share Based Payment” (SFAS 123(R)), applying the modified prospective method. Prior to the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company applied the provisions of APB Opinion No. 25, “Accounting for Stock Issued to Employees,” in accounting for its stock-based awards, and accordingly, recognized no compensation cost for its stock plans other than for its restricted stock awards.
Under the modified prospective method, SFAS 123(R) applies to new awards and to awards that were outstanding as of December 31, 2005 that are subsequently vested, modified, repurchased or cancelled. Compensation expense recognized during the first three months of 2008 includes the portion vesting during the period for (1) all share-based payments granted prior to, but not yet vested as of December 31, 2005, based on the grant date fair value estimated in accordance with the original provisions of Statement of Financial Accounting Standards No. 123, “Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation” (SFAS 123) and (2) all share-based payments granted subsequent to December 31, 2005, based on the grant-date fair value estimated using the Black-Scholes option-pricing model.
Stock option compensation expense of $464,000 was recognized during the first quarter of 2008. For awards issued prior to January 1, 2006, the Company used the multiple award method for allocating the compensation cost to each period. For awards issued on or after January 1, 2006, concurrent with the adoption of SFAS 123(R), the Company has elected to use the single-award method for allocating the compensation cost to each period.
The weighted-average assumptions used in estimating the fair value of the stock options granted during the period, along with the weighted-average grant date fair values, were as follows:
                 
    THREE MONTHS   THREE MONTHS
    ENDED   ENDED
    MARCH 31, 2008   MARCH 31, 2007
Expected volatility
    44 %     46 %
Expected life (in years)
    4.0       3.6  
Risk-free interest rate
    2.8 %     4.6 %
Dividend yield
           
Weighted-average grant date fair values
  $ 2.62     $ 2.46  
Forfeiture rate
    10 %     10 %
A summary of stock based compensation activity within the Company’s stock-based compensation plans for the first quarter of 2008 is as follows:

8


 

                                 
                    Weighted Average    
    Number of   Weighted   Remaining    
    Shares   Average   Contractual Term   Aggregate
    (in thousands)   Exercise Price   (Years)   Intrinsic Value
 
Outstanding at January 1, 2008
    4,719     $ 4.69                  
Granted
    29       7.04                  
Exercised
    (163 )     2.58                  
Forfeited
    (137 )     6.33                  
 
Outstanding at March 31, 2008
    4,448       4.73       2.7     $ 3,428  
 
Exercisable at March 31, 2008
    2,726       3.99       2.1     $ 3,278  
 
The aggregate intrinsic value for stock options outstanding and exercisable is defined as the difference between the market value of the Company’s common stock as of the end of the period and the exercise price of the stock options. The total intrinsic value of stock options exercised during the first quarter of 2008 was $733,000. As a result of the stock options exercised, the Company recorded cash received and additional paid-in-capital of $422,000 during the first quarter of 2008.
The Company also grants restricted stock awards to certain employees and members of its Board of Directors. Restricted stock awards are valued at the closing market value of the Company’s common stock on the day of grant and the total value of the award is recognized as expense ratably over the vesting period of the employees receiving the grants. The Company granted restricted stock awards valued at $367,000 during the first quarter of 2008. As of March 31, 2008, the total amount of unrecognized compensation expense related to nonvested restricted stock awards was $731,000. The Company recognized compensation expense of $225,000 during the first quarter of 2008, related to outstanding restricted stock awards.
The following is a summary of nonvested restricted stock activity:
                 
    Number of Shares   Weighted Average
    (in thousands)   Grant Date Fair Value
 
Nonvested at December 31, 2007
    175     $ 5.05  
Granted
    50       7.34  
Vested
    (10 )     7.34  
Canceled
           
 
Nonvested at March 31, 2008
    215     $ 5.48  
 
NOTE D — REVENUE RECOGNITION
     The Company recognizes product sales for its ophthalmic, hospital drugs & injectables, and biologics & vaccines business segments upon the shipment of goods or upon the delivery of goods as appropriate. Revenue is recognized when all obligations of the Company have been fulfilled and collection of the related receivable is probable.
     The contract services segment, which produces products for third party customers based upon their specifications and at pre-determined prices, also recognizes sales upon the shipment of goods or upon delivery of the product or service as appropriate. Revenue is recognized when all obligations of the Company have been fulfilled and collection of the related receivable is probable.
     Provision for estimated doubtful accounts, chargebacks, rebates, discounts and product returns is made at the time of sale and is analyzed and adjusted, if necessary, at each balance sheet date.
NOTE E — ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE ALLOWANCES
     The nature of the Company’s business inherently involves, in the ordinary course, significant amounts and substantial volumes of transactions and estimates relating to allowances for doubtful accounts, product returns, chargebacks, rebates and discounts given to

9


 

customers. This is a natural circumstance of the pharmaceutical industry and not specific to the Company and inherently lengthens the collection process. Depending on the product, the end-user customer, the specific terms of national supply contracts and the particular arrangements with the Company’s wholesaler customers, certain rebates, chargebacks and other credits are deducted from the Company’s accounts receivable. The process of claiming these deductions depends on wholesalers reporting to the Company the amount of deductions that were earned under the respective terms with end-user customers (which in turn depends on which end-user customer, with different pricing arrangements might be entitled to a particular deduction). This process can lead to “partial payments” against outstanding invoices as the wholesalers take the claimed deductions at the time of payment.
     The provisions for the following customer reserves are reflected in the accompanying financial statements as reductions of revenues in the statements of operations with the exception of the allowance for doubtful accounts which is reflected as part of selling, general and administrative expense. The ending reserve amounts are included in trade accounts receivable in the balance sheet.
     Net trade accounts receivable consists of the following (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2008     2007  
Gross accounts receivable
    16,533     $ 17,317  
Less:
               
Allowance for doubtful accounts
    (3 )     (5 )
Returns reserve
    (974 )     (1,153 )
Discount and allowances reserve
    (387 )     (357 )
Chargeback and rebates reserves
    (12,098 )     (11,690 )
 
           
Net trade accounts receivable
    3,071       4,112  
 
           
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, the Company recorded chargeback and rebate expense of $8,310,000 and $6,785,000 respectively. This increase was primarily due to increased sales to wholesalers in 2008.
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, the Company recorded a provision for product returns of $114,000 and $679,000 respectively. The decrease in the provision was to recognize improved customer returns experience resulting from a concerted effort to improve turnover and manage stocking levels at our major customers.
     For the three-month period ended March 31, 2008, the Company recorded a net benefit for doubtful accounts of $2,000. For the three-month period ended March 31, 2007, the Company recorded a net provision for doubtful accounts of $1,000.
     For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, the Company recorded a provision for cash discounts of $391,000 and $279,000, respectively. This increase primarily related to the increase in sales for the quarter.
NOTE F — INVENTORIES
     The components of inventories are as follows (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2008     2007  
Finished goods
  $ 24,779     $ 20,804  
Work in process
    1,405       2,173  
Raw materials and supplies
    7,611       8,118  
 
           
 
  $ 33,795     $ 31,095  
 
           
     Inventory at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007 is reported net of reserves for slow-moving, unsalable and obsolete items of $1,435,000 and $1,260,000, respectively, primarily related to finished goods. For the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, the Company recorded a provision of $90,000 and $169,000, respectively.

10


 

NOTE G — PROPERTY, PLANT AND EQUIPMENT
     Property, plant and equipment consists of the following (in thousands):
                 
    MARCH 31,     DECEMBER 31,  
    2008     2007  
Land
  $ 396     $ 396  
Buildings and leasehold improvements
    18,236       18,236  
Furniture and equipment
    39,048       39,030  
Automobiles
    55       55  
 
           
Sub-total
    57,735       57,717  
Accumulated depreciation
    (32,424 )     (31,645 )
 
           
 
    25,311       26,072  
Construction in progress
    6,441       6,190  
 
           
Property, plant, and equipment, net
  $ 31,752     $ 32,262  
 
           
     Construction in progress represents capital expenditures principally related to the Company’s lyophilization facility. The accumulated lyophilization facility spending through March 31, 2008 was $22,653,000. The Company estimates an additional $50,000 in spending will be required to complete the expansion. In December 2006, the Company placed $17,237,000 of this cost into service which is for the facility and sterile solutions portion of this operation which augments its existing production capacities. The remaining $5,416,000 of construction in progress, which is specific to lyophilization (freeze-dry) operations, is awaiting final validation testing for the Company to place this equipment into commercial production which is anticipated in the second half of 2008. There can be no assurance the Company will realize the anticipated benefits from its investment into lyophilization capability and, if not, material impairment charges may be required.
     NOTE H — FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS
Mortgage Payable
     In June 1998, the Company entered into a $3,000,000 mortgage agreement with Standard Mortgage Investors, LLC of which there were outstanding borrowings of $105,000 and $208,000 at March 31, 2008 and December 31, 2007, respectively. The principal balance is payable over 10 years, with the final payment due in June 2008. The mortgage note bears a fixed interest rate of 7.375% and is secured by the real property located in Decatur, Illinois.
Credit Facility
     On October 7, 2003, the Company entered into a credit agreement with LaSalle Bank National Association (“LaSalle Bank”) providing the Company with a revolving line of credit (the “Credit Facility” or “Revolver”) secured by substantially all of the assets of the Company. The Credit Facility contains certain restrictive covenants including but not limited to certain financial covenants such as minimum EBITDA and certain other ratios. The Credit Facility and related covenants have been subsequently amended including an amendment on March 10, 2008 as discussed below. If the Company is not in compliance with the covenants of the Credit Facility, LaSalle Bank has the right to declare an event of default and all of the outstanding balances owed under the Revolver would become immediately due and payable. The Credit Facility also contains subjective covenants providing that the Company would be in default if, in the judgment of the lenders, there is a material adverse change in its financial condition. Because the Credit Facility also requires the Company to maintain its deposit accounts with LaSalle Bank, the existence of these subjective covenants, pursuant to EITF Abstract No. 95-22, require that the Company classify outstanding borrowings under the Revolver as a current liability. The Revolver bears interest at prime plus 0.75% (6.00% as of March 31, 2008) and had a weighted average interest rate of 6.97% during 2008. There was an $11,264,000 balance on the Revolver at March 31, 2008.
     Availability under the Revolver is determined by the sum of (i) 80% of eligible accounts receivable, (ii) 65% of raw material, finished goods and component inventory excluding packaging items, not to exceed 75% of the revolving commitment amount, and (iii) the difference between 90% of the forced liquidation value of machinery and equipment ($4,092,000) and $1,750,000. As of March 31, 2008, the Company had $3,736,000 of undrawn availability under the Credit Facility with LaSalle Bank.

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     On March 10, 2008, the Company entered into an Amendment to the Credit Agreement with LaSalle Bank (the “Amendment”). Among other things, the Amendment adjusted the definition of EBITDA, set minimum EBITDA requirements, increased the restricted cash requirement to $3,300,000 from the prior $1,250,000 requirement, and amended certain covenants of the parties set forth in the Credit Facility. The Amendment also extended the Termination Date of the Credit Agreement to January 1, 2009.
     The Company wrote off certain product related filing and license fees in the first quarter of 2008 totaling $1,246,000. As a result, the Company was not in compliance with its Credit Facility covenants and the Company requested and received an amendment from LaSalle Bank dated May 9, 2008 (the “May 2008 Amendment”) which adjusted the EBITDA covenant calculation to exclude these additional research & development expense items.
NOTE I — COMMON STOCK ISSUANCE
     On March 8, 2006 the Company issued 4,311,669 shares of its common stock in a private placement with various investors at a price of $4.50 per share which included warrants to purchase 1,509,088 additional shares of common stock. The warrants are exercisable for a five year period at an exercise price of $5.40 per share and may be exercised by cash payment of the exercise price or by means of a cashless exercise. The aggregate offering price of the private placement was approximately $19,402,000 and the net proceeds to the Company, after payment of approximately $1,324,000 of commissions and expenses, was approximately $18,078,000. The net proceeds of $18,078,000 were allocated based on the relative fair market values of the common stock and warrants with $16,257,000 allocated to the common stock and $1,821,000 allocated to the warrants. In September 2006, we issued 1,000,000 shares of our common stock in a private placement with Serum Institute of India, Ltd. (“Serum”) at a price of $3.56 per share. The offering price was $3,560,000 and the net proceeds to us, after payment of approximately $17,000 in expenses, were approximately $3,543,000. In November 2007, we issued an additional 1,000,000 shares of our common stock in a private placement with Serum at a price of $7.01 per share. The offering price was $7,010,000 and the net proceeds to us, after payment of approximately $16,000 in expenses, were approximately $6,994,000.
NOTE J — EARNINGS PER COMMON SHARE
     Basic net loss per common share is based upon weighted average common shares outstanding. Diluted net loss per common share is based upon the weighted average number of common shares outstanding, including the dilutive effect, if any, of stock options and warrants using the treasury stock method. However, for the three-month periods ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, the assumed exercise of any of these securities would have been anti-dilutive; and, accordingly, the diluted loss per share equals the basic loss per share for that period.
     The number of such shares as of March 31, 2008 and March 31, 2007 subject to warrants was 6,625,000 and 6,551,000, respectively. The number of such shares as of March 31, 2008 and March 31, 2007 subject to stock options was 4,448,000 and 4,900,000, respectively.
NOTE K — INDUSTRY SEGMENT INFORMATION
     The Company classifies its operations into four business segments: ophthalmic, hospital drugs & injectables, biologics & vaccines, and contract services. The ophthalmic segment manufactures, markets and distributes diagnostic and therapeutic pharmaceuticals. The hospital drugs & injectables segment manufactures, markets and distributes drugs and injectable pharmaceuticals, primarily in niche markets. The biologics & vaccines segment (a new business segment launched in September 2007) markets adult Tetanus-Diphtheria (“Td”) vaccines directly to hospitals and physicians as well as through wholesalers and national distributors. The contract services segment manufactures products for third party pharmaceutical and biotechnology customers based on their specifications. The Company’s basis of accounting in preparing its segment information is consistent with that used in preparing its consolidated financial statements.
     Selected financial information by industry segment is presented below (in thousands):

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    THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31,  
    2008     2007  
REVENUES
               
Ophthalmic
  $ 5,953     $ 4,217  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables
    5,082       5,443  
Biologics & Vaccines
    1,817        
Contract Services
    1,607       2,075  
 
           
Total revenues
  $ 14,459     $ 11,735  
 
           
GROSS PROFIT
               
Ophthalmic
  $ 1,842     $ 674  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables
    1,101       1,518  
Biologics & Vaccines
    368        
Contract Services
    436       297  
 
           
Total gross profit
    3,747       2,489  
Operating expenses
    8,972       7,591  
 
           
Operating loss
    (5,225 )     (5,102 )
Interest and other (expense)/income
    (316 )     259  
 
           
Loss before income taxes
  $ (5,541 )   $ (4,843 )
 
           
     The Company manages its business segments to the gross profit level and manages its operating and other costs on a company-wide basis. Intersegment activity at the gross profit level is minimal. The Company does not identify assets by segment for internal purposes, as certain manufacturing and warehouse facilities support more than one segment.
NOTE L — COMMITMENTS AND CONTINGENCIES
     (i) On March 29, 2007, the Company received an FDA Warning Letter (the “Warning Letter”) following a routine inspection of its Decatur, Illinois manufacturing facility conducted from September 12 through September 29, 2006. The Warning Letter cited violations of the current Good Manufacturing Practice (“cGMP”) regulations. The Warning Letter stated that failure to promptly correct the cited violations may result in legal action without further notice, including, without limitation, seizure and injunction. It also stated that approval of pending new drug applications may be withheld until the violations are corrected and that a subsequent confirmatory FDA inspection may be made. The Company responded to the Warning Letter on April 19, 2007 providing clarifying information and describing corrective actions planned and/or completed.
     The Warning Letter did not interrupt or delay the manufacture and distribution of the Company’s Decatur products already approved by the FDA. Per the FDA’s schedule for inspections, the Decatur site hosted a GMP/PAI inspection beginning July 23, 2007 through August 17, 2007. This event was achieved in parallel with the FDA approval of an alternate contract manufacturer for IC-Green.
     The FDA inspection was to determine if the Company had corrected the violations cited in the Warning Letter and to determine if the Company’s lyophilization operations could be approved for the manufacture of products subject to pending new drug applications. The inspection also served as a pre-approval inspection (PAI) for Akorn’s new lyophilization operation. This inspection resulted in the Agency’s assignment of Voluntary Action Indicated (VAI) status to the Decatur operation, thereby lifting the Warning Letter, approving the new lyophilization facility, and facilitating new product approvals. The FDA investigators identified a number of observations representing potential violations of the cGMP regulations. The Company submitted comprehensive responses to these observations on September 28, 2007 and in correspondence received on December 20, 2007 from the Chicago District of the FDA, the FDA, as noted above, reported the satisfactory resolution of past cGMP issues.
     As a result of this inspection, the Company has been eligible for pending product approvals in its ophthalmic, ampoule, liquid vial and lyophilization production filling suites in its Decatur facility and has received two product approvals during the first quarter of 2008. The Decatur site continues to optimize its lyophilization process in order to maximize volume throughput. This optimization effort is due for completion in the second half of 2008.
     (ii) On October 8, 2003, the Company, pursuant to the terms of the Letter Agreement dated September 26, 2002 between the Company and AEG Partners LLC (“AEG”), terminated AEG. On August 2 and 3, 2004, the Company and AEG participated in a

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mandatory and binding arbitration hearing. The arbitrator took the matter under submission and rendered his decision dated August 19, 2004, which was received on August 23, 2004. The arbitrator’s decision directed the following: (1) payment to AEG for the sum of $300,000, plus interest of 5% per annum from October 7, 2003 (approximately $13,479), (2) issuance of warrants to AEG to purchase 1,250,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.75 per share, and (3) denial of AEG’s request that the Company pay AEG’s attorneys’ fees and costs. As a result of the arbitrator’s decision, the Company reported a one-time net gain of approximately $295,000 in the third quarter of 2004. It was determined none of the anti-dilution provisions in our outstanding securities were triggered by the issuance of the AEG Warrants. AEG exercised 50,000 warrants during the three months ended March 31, 2008 and has no warrants remaining as of March 31, 2008.
     (iii) The Company is a party in other legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of its business. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, management of the Company at this time does not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on the financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows of the Company.
     (iv) The Company has an outstanding DTPA product warranty which relates to a ten year expiration guarantee on DTPA sold to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (“HHS”) in 2006. The Company is performing yearly stability studies for this product and, if the annual stability does not support the ten-year product life, it will replace the product at no charge. The Company’s supplier, Hameln Pharmaceuticals, will also share this cost if the product does not meet the stability requirement. If the ongoing product testing confirms the ten-year stability for DTPA, the Company will not incur a replacement cost and this reserve will be eliminated with a corresponding reduction to cost of sales after the ten-year period.
NOTE M — CUSTOMER AND SUPPLIER CONCENTRATION
     AmerisourceBergen Health Corporation (“Amerisource”), Cardinal Health, Inc. (“Cardinal”) and McKesson Drug Company (“McKesson”) are all distributors of the Company’s products, as well as suppliers of a broad range of health care products. These three customers accounted for 69% and 67% of the Company’s gross revenues and 52% and 48% of net revenues for the three months ended March 31, 2008 and 2007, respectively. They accounted for approximately 73% of the gross accounts receivable balances as of both March 31, 2008 and 2007. No other customers accounted for more than 10% of gross sales, net revenues or gross trade receivables for the indicated dates and periods.
     If sales to Amerisource, Cardinal or McKesson were to diminish or cease, the Company believes that the end users of its products would find little difficulty obtaining the Company’s products either directly from the Company or from another distributor.
     The University of Massachusetts, as represented by the Massachusetts Biological Laboratories (“MBL”) (supplier for vaccine products) and Draxis Pharma (supplier for IC Green) accounted for 77% and 11%, respectively, of the Company’s purchases in the three months ended March 31, 2008. For the three months ended March 31, 2007, Alcan Inc. and Johnson Matthey, PLC accounted for 24% and 14%, respectively, of the Company’s purchases.
     The Company requires a supply of quality raw materials and components to manufacture and package pharmaceutical products for its own use and for third parties with which it has contracted. The principal components of the Company’s products are active and inactive pharmaceutical ingredients and certain packaging materials. Certain of these ingredients and components are available from only a single source and, in the case of certain of the Company’s Abbreviated New Drug Applications (“ANDAs”) and New Drug Applications (“NDAs”), only one supplier of raw materials has been identified. Because FDA approval of drugs requires manufacturers to specify their proposed suppliers of active ingredients and certain packaging materials in their applications, FDA approval of any new supplier would be required if active ingredients or such packaging materials were no longer available from the specified supplier. The qualification of a new supplier could delay the Company’s development and marketing efforts. If for any reason the Company is unable to obtain sufficient quantities of any of the raw materials or components required to produce and package its products, it may not be able to manufacture its products as planned, which could have a material adverse effect on the Company’s business, financial condition and results of operations.

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NOTE N — RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
     In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (“SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. In February of 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff position 157-2 which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for non-financial assets and liabilities which are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis (at least annually) until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. The Company adopted SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2008 and the adoption did not have a material impact on the Company’s results of operation or financial position.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Non-Controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes new standards for the accounting for and reporting of non-controlling interests (formerly minority interests) and for the loss of control of partially owned and consolidated subsidiaries. SFAS 160 does not change the criteria for consolidating a partially owned entity. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The provisions of SFAS 160 will be applied prospectively upon adoption except for the presentation and disclosure requirements which will be applied retrospectively. The Company does not expect the adoption of SFAS 160 will have a material impact on its consolidated financial statements.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) (“SFAS 141R”), a revision of SFAS 141, “Business Combinations.” SFAS 141R establishes requirements for the recognition and measurement of acquired assets, liabilities, goodwill, and non-controlling interests. SFAS 141R also provides disclosure requirements related to business combinations. SFAS 141R is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141R will be applied prospectively to business combinations with an acquisition date on or after the effective date.

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Item 2.
AKORN, INC.
MANAGEMENT’S DISCUSSION AND ANALYSIS
OF FINANCIAL CONDITION AND
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
FORWARD-LOOKING STATEMENTS AND FACTORS AFFECTING FUTURE RESULTS
     Certain statements in this Form 10-Q constitute “forward-looking statements” within the meaning of the Private Securities Litigation Reform Act. When used in this document, the words “anticipate,” “believe,” “estimate” and “expect” and similar expressions are generally intended to identify forward-looking statements. Any forward-looking statements, including statements regarding the intent, belief or expectations of Akorn or its management are not guarantees of future performance. These statements involve risks and uncertainties and actual results may differ materially from those in the forward-looking statements as a result of various factors, including but not limited to:
    Our ability to comply with all of the requirements of the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (“FDA”), including current Good Manufacturing Practices regulations;
 
    Our ability to obtain regulatory approvals for products manufactured in our new lyophilization facility;
 
    Our ability to avoid defaults under debt covenants;
 
    Our ability to generate cash from operations sufficient to meet our working capital requirements;
 
    The effects of federal, state and other governmental regulation on our business;
 
    Our success in developing, manufacturing, acquiring and marketing new products;
 
    The success of our strategic partnerships for the development and marketing of new products;
 
    Our ability to bring new products to market and the effects of sales of such products on our financial results;
 
    The effects of competition from generic pharmaceuticals and from other pharmaceutical companies;
 
    Availability of raw materials needed to produce our products; and
 
    Other factors referred to in this Form 10-Q, our Form 10-K and our other Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) filings.
RESULTS OF OPERATIONS
THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31, 2008 COMPARED TO 2007
     The following table sets forth, for the periods indicated, revenues by segment, excluding intersegment sales (in thousands):
                 
    THREE MONTHS ENDED MARCH 31,  
    2008     2007  
Ophthalmic segment
  $ 5,953     $ 4,217  
Hospital Drugs & Injectables segment
    5,082       5,443  
Biologics & Vaccines segment
    1,817        
Contract Services segment
    1,607       2,075  
 
           
Total revenues
  $ 14,459     $ 11,735  
 
           

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     Consolidated revenues increased $2,724,000 or 23.2% in the quarter ended March 31, 2008 compared to the same period in 2007 mainly due to the new product launch of vaccines and the re-launch of IC Green both of which did not occur until September 2007.
     Ophthalmic segment revenues increased $1,736,000 or 41.2% due primarily to the re-launch of IC Green upon receiving FDA approval of our alternate site manufacturer. Hospital Drugs & Injectables segment revenues decreased by $361,000 or 6.6% mainly due to decreased sales of anesthesia products. Our contract services segment revenues decreased by $468,000 or 22.6%, mainly due to decreased order volumes on contract products resulting from customer concerns with an FDA warning letter issued in March 2007 which was subsequently removed in December 2007.
     Consolidated gross profit was $3,747,000 or 25.9% for the first quarter of 2008 as compared to a gross profit of $2,489,000 or 21.2% in the same period a year ago mainly due to the sales volume variation matters for each segment discussed above. We continue to seek margin enhancement opportunities through our product offerings as well as through efficiencies and cost reductions at our operating facilities.
     Selling, general and administrative (“SG&A”) expenses increased by $1,015,000 or 19.4%, during the quarter ended March 31, 2008 as compared to the same period in 2007. The key components of this increase in 2008 were $638,000 due to the addition of 25 field and vaccine sales representatives and related selling expenses, $333,000 due to national sales meeting expenses, $172,000 related to technical consulting fees, and $74,000 due to an increase in FDA product/facility fees, partially offset by a $426,000 decrease in SFAS 123(R) stock option compensation expense.
     Research and development (“R&D”) expense increased $365,000 or 18.2% in the quarter, to $2,376,000 from $2,011,000 for the same period in 2007. The first quarter 2008 R&D expense reflects a write-off of certain product related filing and license fees totaling $1,246,000. This was partially offset by a reduction in validation testing and development of our lyophilization processes ($122,000) and reduced milestone payments to our strategic business partners ($533,000).
     Net interest expense for the first quarter of 2008 was $115,000 versus net interest income of $259,000 for the same period in 2007 as a result of increased borrowings against our Credit Facility with LaSalle Bank.
     For the three-month period ended March 31, 2008, the income tax provision was $3,000 while there was no tax provision for the same period in 2007.
     We reported a net loss of $5,544,000 for the three months ended March 31, 2008, versus a net loss of $4,843,000 for the same period in 2007 mainly due to the increased sales volume and gross profit which was offset by higher SG&A, R&D, and net interest expense as discussed above.
FINANCIAL CONDITION AND LIQUIDITY
Overview
     During the three-month period ended March 31, 2008, we used $9,359,000 in cash from operations, primarily due to the net loss, a $6,868,000 change in working capital items mainly due to an increase in inventory and reduced accounts payable related to payments for vaccine inventory, offset by non-cash expenses of $1,807,000 for the period. Investing activities generated a $269,000 reduction in cash flow mainly due to capital expenditures for production equipment. Financing activities provided $5,107,000 in cash, primarily due to the $6,743,000 in proceeds from our Credit Facility with LaSalle Bank and $517,000 in proceeds from stock option and warrant exercises, partially offset by an increase in the restricted cash requirement of $2,050,000.
     During the three-month period ended March 31, 2007, we used $3,842,000 in cash from operations, primarily due to the net loss, a $1,205,000 change in working capital items mainly due to a reduction in accounts payable and accrued compensation, offset by non-cash expenses of $2,206,000 for the period. Investing activities generated a $550,000 reduction in cash flow mainly due to capital expenditures for production equipment. Financing activities provided $638,000 in cash, primarily due to the $734,000 in proceeds from stock option and warrant exercises.

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     As of March 31, 2008, we had $3,427,000 in cash and cash equivalents and $3,736,000 of undrawn availability under our Credit Facility with LaSalle Bank which is based on our level of accounts receivable and inventory and certain equipment. The borrowing against that facility was $11,264,000 at March 31, 2008.
     On March 10, 2008, we entered into an Amendment to Credit Agreement with LaSalle Bank (the “Amendment”). Among other things, the Amendment adjusted the definition of EBITDA, set minimum EBITDA requirements, increased the restricted cash requirement to $3,300,000 from the prior $1,250,000 requirement, and amended certain covenants of the parties set forth in the Credit Facility. The Amendment also extended the Termination Date of the Credit Agreement to January 1, 2009.
     We wrote off certain product related filing and license fees in the first quarter of 2008 totaling $1,246,000. As a result, we were not in compliance with our Credit Facility covenants and we requested and received an amendment from LaSalle Bank dated May 9, 2008 (the “May 2008 Amendment”) which adjusted the EBITDA covenant calculation to exclude these additional research & development expense items. The description of the May 2008 Amendment herein is only a summary and is qualified in its entirety by the full text of such May 2008 Amendment, which is filed as an exhibit hereto.
Facility Expansion
     We are in the final stages of completing an expansion of our Decatur, Illinois manufacturing facility to add capacity to provide lyophilization manufacturing services, a manufacturing capability we currently do not have.
     As of March 31, 2008, we had spent approximately $22,653,000 on the lyophilization expansion and anticipate the need to spend approximately $50,000 of additional funds to complete the expansion related to the lyophilization equipment. These additional funds will primarily be used for testing and validation as the major capital equipment items are currently in place. In December 2007, we placed the building and sterile solutions portion of this operation ($17,237,000) in service which augments our existing production capacities. The remaining $5,364,000 of construction in progress, which is specific to lyophilization (freeze-dry) operations, is awaiting final validation testing for us to place this equipment into commercial production which we expect to complete in the second half of 2008. In addition, we are working toward the development of an internal ANDA lyophilized product pipeline for these operations.
CRITICAL ACCOUNTING POLICIES
     The preparation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles requires management to make estimates and judgments that affect the reported amounts of assets, liabilities, revenues and expenses. A summary of our significant accounting policies is included in Item 1. Financial Statements, Note B — Summary of Significant Accounting Policies, which are included in our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. Certain of our accounting policies are considered critical, as these policies require significant, difficult or complex judgments by management, often employing the use of estimates about the effects of matters that are inherently uncertain. Such policies are summarized in Item 7. “Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations” of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2007. There have been no significant changes in the application of the critical accounting policies since December 31, 2007.
RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
     In September 2006, the FASB issued SFAS No. 157, “Fair Value Measurements” (SFAS 157”). SFAS 157 defines fair value, establishes a framework for measuring fair value, and expands disclosures about fair value measurements. SFAS 157 is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2007. In February of 2008, the FASB issued FASB Staff position 157-2 which delays the effective date of SFAS 157 for non-financial assets and liabilities which are not measured at fair value on a recurring basis (at least annually) until fiscal years beginning after November 15, 2008. We adopted SFAS 157 effective January 1, 2008 and the adoption did not have a material impact on our results of operation or financial position.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 160, “Non-Controlling Interests in Consolidated Financial Statements an amendment of ARB No. 51” (“SFAS 160”). SFAS 160 establishes new standards for the accounting for and reporting of non-controlling interests (formerly minority interests) and for the loss of control of partially owned and consolidated subsidiaries. SFAS 160 does not change the criteria for consolidating a partially owned entity. SFAS 160 is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. The provisions of SFAS 160 will be applied prospectively upon adoption except for the presentation and

18


 

disclosure requirements which will be applied retrospectively. We do not expect the adoption of SFAS 160 will have a material impact on our consolidated financial statements.
     In December 2007, the FASB issued SFAS No. 141 (revised 2007) (“SFAS 141R”), a revision of SFAS 141, “Business Combinations.” SFAS 141R establishes requirements for the recognition and measurement of acquired assets, liabilities, goodwill, and non-controlling interests. SFAS 141R also provides disclosure requirements related to business combinations. SFAS 141R is effective for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2008. SFAS 141R will be applied prospectively to business combinations with an acquisition date on or after the effective date.
ITEM 3. QUANTITATIVE AND QUALITATIVE DISCLOSURES ABOUT MARKET RISK
     We are subject to market risk associated with changes in interest rates if we draw a balance under our Credit Facility with LaSalle Bank. Our only current interest rate exposure involves our debt under the Credit Facility which bears interest at prime plus 0.75% (6.00% as of March 31, 2008). The balance on the Revolver at March 31, 2008 was $11,264,000. Our other debt is for our mortgaged property in Decatur, Illinois at a fixed interest rate of 7.375% with an outstanding balance of $105,000 at March 31, 2008. We estimate that a change of 1.0% in our variable rate debt from the interest rates in effect at March 31, 2008 would result in a $112,600 pre-tax change in annual interest expense based on our existing $11,264,000 borrowing against our revolving line of credit.
     We have no material foreign exchange risk.
     Our financial instruments consist mainly of cash, accounts receivable, accounts payable and debt. The carrying amounts of these instruments, except debt, approximate fair value due to their short-term nature. The carrying amounts of our bank borrowings under our debt instruments approximate fair value because the interest rates are reset periodically to reflect current market rates.
     The fair value of the debt obligations approximated the recorded value as of March 31, 2008.
ITEM 4. CONTROLS AND PROCEDURES
Evaluation of Disclosure Controls and Procedures
     An evaluation was performed, under the supervision and with the participation of Company management, including the Chief Executive Officer (“CEO”) and Chief Financial Officer (“CFO”), of the effectiveness of the design and operation of the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Rule 13a-15(e) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended (the “Act”)). There are inherent limitations to the effectiveness of any system of disclosure controls and procedures, including cost limitations, judgments used in decision making, assumptions regarding the likelihood of future events, soundness of internal controls, fraud, the possibility of human error and the circumvention or overriding of the controls and procedures. Accordingly, even effective disclosure controls and procedures can provide only reasonable, and not absolute, assurance of achieving their control objectives. Based on that evaluation, management, including the CEO and CFO, has concluded that, as of March 31, 2008, the Company’s disclosure controls and procedures were effective in all material respects at the reasonable assurance level to ensure that information required to be disclosed in reports that the Company files or submits under the Act is recorded, processed, summarized and timely reported in accordance with the rules and forms of the SEC.
Changes in Internal Control Over Financial Reporting
     In the first fiscal quarter ended March 31, 2008, there had been no change in the Company’s internal control over financial reporting that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the Company’s internal control over financial reporting.

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PART II. OTHER INFORMATION
ITEM 1. LEGAL PROCEEDINGS
     We are a party in legal proceedings and potential claims arising in the ordinary course of our business. The amount, if any, of ultimate liability with respect to such matters cannot be determined. Despite the inherent uncertainties of litigation, at this time we do not believe that such proceedings will have a material adverse impact on our financial condition, results of operations, or cash flows.
ITEM 1A. RISK FACTORS
          There have been no material changes from the risk factors disclosed in Part 1, Item 1A, of our Form 10-K filed March 17, 2008.
ITEM 2. UNREGISTERED SALES OF EQUITY SECURITIES AND USE OF PROCEEDS
          On August 23, 2005, we filed a Registration Statement on Form S-3 (File No. 333-127794) (the “S-3”) with the SEC, which was declared effective on September 7, 2005. Pursuant to Rule 429 under the Securities Act of 1933, the prospectus included in the S-3 is a combined prospectus and relates to the previously filed Registration Statement on Form S-1 (File No. 333-119168) (the “S-1”), as to which the S-3 constitutes Post-Effective Amendment No. 3. Such Post-Effective Amendment became effective concurrently with the effectiveness of the S-3. The S-3 relates to the resale of 64,964,680 shares, no par value per share, of our common stock by the selling stockholders identified in the S-3, which have been issued or reserved for issuance upon the conversion or exercise of shares of our Series A Preferred Stock, shares of Series B Preferred Stock, warrants and convertible notes, including shares estimated to be issuable or that have been issued in satisfaction of accrued and unpaid dividends and interest on shares of preferred stock and convertible notes, respectively. Of the 64,964,680 shares of our common stock registered under the S-3, 60,953,394 of such shares were registered under the S-1. The shares of common stock registered by the S-3 and the S-1 represent the number of shares that have been issued or are issuable upon the conversion or exercise of the Series A Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock, warrants and convertible notes described in the Registration Statement, including shares estimated to be issuable in satisfaction of dividends accrued and unpaid through December 31, 2007 on such securities. All shares of Series A Preferred Stock, Series B Preferred Stock and all convertible notes have been converted to shares of our common stock.
          With respect to the S-1, we estimated the aggregate offering price of the amount registered to be $182,246,053, which was derived from the average of the bid and asked prices of our common stock on September 17, 2004, as reported on the OTC Bulletin Board(R). With respect to the S-3, we estimated the aggregate offering price of the amount registered to be $10,870,585, which was derived from the average of the high and low prices of our common stock as reported on the American Stock Exchange on August 18, 2005. Such amounts were estimated solely for the purpose of calculating the amount of the registration fee pursuant to Rule 457(h) under the Securities Act of 1933. As of March 31, 2008, we are aware of the sale of 13,047,149 shares of common stock by selling stockholders under the S-3 or the S-1. We do not know at what price such shares were sold, or how many shares of common stock will be sold in the future or at what price. We have not and will not receive any of the proceeds from the sale of the shares by the selling stockholders. The selling stockholders will receive all of the proceeds from the sale of the shares and will pay all underwriting discounts and selling commissions, if any, applicable to the sale of the shares. We will, in the ordinary course of business, receive proceeds from the issuance of shares upon exercise of the warrants described in the S-3 or the S-1, which we will use for working capital and other general corporate purposes.
          For the quarter ended March 31, 2008, we issued the following equity securities: (i) On January 18, 2008, a warrantholder exercised warrants to purchase 50,000 shares of our common stock at an exercise price of $0.75 per share in exchange for cash of $37,500. The issuance of the common stock upon exercise of the warrants described herein was exempt from registration requirements under the Securities Act pursuant to Section 4(2) thereof, because none of the transactions thereof involved a public offering.
ITEM 3. DEFAULTS UPON SENIOR SECURITIES
     None.

20


 

ITEM 4. SUBMISSION OF MATTERS TO A VOTE OF SECURITY HOLDERS
     None.
ITEM 5. OTHER INFORMATION
     None.

21


 

ITEM 6. EXHIBITS
Those exhibits marked with an asterisk (*) refer to exhibits filed herewith. The other exhibits are incorporated herein by reference, as indicated in the following list. Portions of the exhibits marked with a (^) are the subject of a Confidential Treatment Request under 17 C.F.R. §§ 200.80(b)(4), 200.83 and 240.24b-2.
     
Exhibit No.   Description
(3.1)
  Restated Articles of Incorporation of Akorn, Inc. dated September 16, 2004, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on September 21, 2004.
 
   
(3.2)
  Amended and Restated By-laws of Akorn, Inc. incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.2 to Akorn, Inc.’s Registration Statement on Form S-1 filed on June 14, 2005.
 
   
(3.3)
  Amendment to By-laws of Akorn, Inc. incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on March 31, 2006.
 
   
(3.4)
  Amendment to Bylaws of Akorn, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on December 14, 2006.
 
   
(3.5)
  Amendment to Bylaws of Akorn, Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 3.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on April 16, 2007.
 
   
(4.1)
  Form of Securities Purchase Agreement dated March 1, 2006, between Akorn, Inc. and certain investors incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on March 7, 2006.
 
   
(4.2)
  Form of Warrant issued in connection with the Securities Purchase Agreement dated March 1, 2006 incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.2 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed March 7, 2006. (All warrants are dated March 8, 2006. Please see Exhibit 99.1 of Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed March 14, 2006, which is hereby incorporated by reference, for a schedule setting forth the other material details for each of the warrants.)
 
   
(4.3)
  Securities Purchase Agreement dated September 13, 2006, between Akorn, Inc. and Serum Institute of India, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed September 14, 2006.
 
   
(4.4)
  Securities Purchase Agreement dated November 14, 2007, between Akorn, Inc. and Serum Institute of India Ltd., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 4.1 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed on November 20, 2007.
 
   
(10.1)
  Amendment to Credit Agreement dated March 10, 2008, by and among LaSalle Bank National Association, Akorn, Inc. and Akorn (New Jersey), Inc., incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.86 to Akorn, Inc.’s report on Form 10-K filed March 14, 2008.
 
   
(10.2)*
  Amendment to Credit Agreement dated May 9, 2008, by and among LaSalle Bank National Association, Akorn, Inc. and Akorn (New Jersey), Inc.
 
   
(10.3)^
  2008 Management Bonus Objectives, incorporated by reference to Exhibit 10.1 to Akorn Inc.’s report on Form 8-K filed April 24, 2008.
 
   
(31.1)*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
   
(31.2)*
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to Rule 13a-14(a) under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934
 
   
(32.1)*
  Certification of Chief Executive Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002
 
   
(32.2)*
  Certification of Chief Financial Officer pursuant to 18 U.S.C. § 1350, as adopted pursuant to § 906 of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act of 2002

22


 

SIGNATURES
     Pursuant to the requirements of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, the registrant has duly caused this report to be signed on its behalf by the undersigned thereunto duly authorized.
         
  AKORN, INC.
 
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL    
    Jeffrey A. Whitnell   
    Sr. Vice President, Chief Financial Officer
(Duly Authorized and Principal Financial Officer) 
 
 
Date: May 12, 2008

23

exv10w2
EXHIBIT 10.2
Execution Copy
AMENDMENT TO CREDIT AGREEMENT
     THIS AMENDMENT TO CREDIT AGREEMENT (this “Amendment”) is executed and delivered as of this 9th day of May 2008 among LASALLE BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION, as administrative agent (the “Administrative Agent”), the financial institutions party hereto (the “Lenders”), AKORN, INC., a Louisiana corporation (“Akorn”) and AKORN (NEW JERSEY), INC., an Illinois corporation (“Akorn New Jersey”).
W I T N E S S E T H :
     A. The Administrative Agent, Akorn, Akorn New Jersey and the Lenders entered into a Credit Agreement dated as of October 7, 2003 (as amended, restated, supplemented or otherwise modified from time to time, the “Credit Agreement”). Capitalized terms used but not defined herein shall have the meanings attributed to them in the Credit Agreement.
     B. The Companies have requested that the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders consent to certain terms of the Credit Agreement, subject to the terms and conditions set forth herein.
     NOW, THEREFORE, in consideration of the mutual covenants contained herein, the parties hereto hereby agree as follows:
     1. Amendment. Upon the Effective Date (as defined below), the Credit Agreement shall be amended by deleting in its entirety the definition of “EBITDA” set forth in Section 1.1 of the Credit Agreement and inserting the following in its place:
EBITDA means, for any period, Consolidated Net Income for such period plus (a) to the extent deducted in determining such Consolidated Net Income, Interest Expense, income tax expense, depreciation and amortization for such period plus (b) solely for the purposes of determining EBITDA for the Fiscal Year 2003, the Decatur Add Back and the Refinancing Expense Add Back plus (c) solely for determining EBITDA for the Computation Periods ending December 31, 2005 and March 31, 2006, research and development expenditures during such Computation Periods in an amount not to exceed $3,000,000 plus (d) solely for determining EBITDA for the Computation Periods ending December 31, 2006 and March 31, 2007 (but subject to the condition that the Companies have Cash Equivalent Investments at all times during each such applicable Computation Period equal to or in excess of $5,000,000), research and development expenses during such Computation Period in an amount not to exceed $10,000,000 plus (e) solely for determining EBITDA for the Computation Period ending June 30, 2007, research and development expenditures actually made during such Computation Period in an amount not to exceed $15,000,000, so long as the Companies have Cash Equivalent Investments (exclusive of any Cash Equivalent Investments attributable to or representing the proceeds of Revolving Loans) at all times during each such applicable Computation Period equal to or in excess of (x)

 


 

if there were no Revolving Loans outstanding during such Computation Period, $5,000,000, or (y) otherwise, the greater of (i) $5,000,000 and (ii) 50% of the amount added pursuant to this clause (e) plus (f) solely for determining EBITDA for the Computation Periods ending March 30, 2008, June 30, 2008, September 30, 2008 and December 31, 2008, the amount of the filing fee for a New Drug Application actually paid in cash to the Food and Drug Administration by Akorn on July 31, 2007, such amount not to exceed $896,000 and the amount actually paid in cash by Akorn on October 22, 2007 in connection with securing exclusive rights to certain intellectual property, such amount not to exceed $350,000.
     2. Representations and Warranties. To induce the Administrative Agent and the Lenders to execute this Amendment, each Company jointly and severally represents and warrants to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders as follows:
     (a) Each Company is in good standing under the laws of its jurisdiction of formation and in each jurisdiction where, because of the nature of its activities or properties, such qualification is required, except for such jurisdictions where the failure to so qualify would not have a Material Adverse Effect.
     (b) Each Company is duly authorized to execute and deliver this Amendment and is duly authorized to perform its obligations hereunder.
     (c) The execution, delivery and performance by the Companies of this Amendment do not and will not (i) require any consent or approval of any governmental agency or authority (other than any consent or approval which has been obtained and is in full force and effect), (ii) conflict with (A) any provision of law, (B) the charter, by-laws or other organizational documents of any Company or (C) any agreement, indenture, instrument or other document, or any judgment, order or decree, which is binding upon any Company or any of its properties or (iii) require, or result in, the creation or imposition of any Lien on any asset of any Company.
     (d) This Amendment is the legal, valid and binding obligation of each Company, enforceable against such Company in accordance with its terms, subject to bankruptcy, insolvency and similar laws affecting enforceability of creditors’ rights generally and to general principals of equity.
     (e) The representations and warranties in the Loan Documents (including but not limited to Section 9 of the Credit Agreement) are true and correct in all material respects with the same effect as though made on and as of the date of this Amendment (except to the extent stated to relate to a specific earlier date, in which case such representations and warranties were true and correct as of such earlier date).
     (f) No Event of Default or Unmatured Event of Default has occurred and is continuing.

-2-


 

     3. Conditions to Effectiveness. The effectiveness of this Amendment is conditioned upon the execution and delivery of this Amendment by each Company, the Administrative Agent and the Required Lenders. The date on which such event has occurred is the “Effective Date”.
     4. Affirmation. Except as specifically provided in this Amendment, the execution, delivery and effectiveness of this Amendment shall not operate as a waiver or forbearance of any Unmatured Event of Default or Event of Default or any right, power or remedy of the Administrative Agent or any Lender under the Credit Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, or constitute a consent, waiver or modification with respect to any provision of the Credit Agreement or any of the other Loan Documents, and the Company hereby fully ratifies and affirms each Loan Document to which it is a party. Reference in any of this Amendment, the Credit Agreement or any other Loan Document to the Credit Agreement shall be a reference to the Credit Agreement as modified hereby and as further amended, modified, restated, supplemented or extended from time to time. This Amendment shall constitute a Loan Document for purposes of the Credit Agreement and the other Loan Documents.
     5. Counterparts. This Amendment may be executed in two or more counterparts, each of which shall constitute an original, but all of which when taken together shall constitute one instrument. Delivery of an executed counterpart of this Amendment by facsimile shall be effective as delivery of an original counterpart.
     6. Headings. The headings and captions of this Amendment are for the purposes of reference only and shall not affect the construction of, or be taken into consideration in interpreting, this Amendment.
     7. Further Assurances. Each Company agrees to execute and deliver, or cause to be executed and delivered, in form and substance satisfactory to the Administrative Agent and the Lenders, such further documents, instruments, amendments and financing statements and to take such further action, as may be necessary from time to time to perfect and maintain the liens and security interests created by the Loan Documents.
     8. APPLICABLE LAW. THIS AMENDMENT SHALL BE CONSTRUED IN ACCORDANCE WITH AND GOVERNED BY THE LAWS OF THE STATE OF ILLINOIS WITHOUT GIVING EFFECT TO ILLINOIS CHOICE OF LAW DOCTRINE.
     9. Acknowledgment. Each Company hereby waives, discharges and forever releases the Administrative Agent and each of the Lenders, and each of said Person’s employees, officers, directors, attorneys, stockholders and successors and assigns, from and of any and all claims, causes of action, allegations or assertions that either Company has or may have had at any time through (and including) the date of this Amendment, against any or all of the foregoing, regardless of whether any such claims, causes of action, allegations or assertions are known to either Company or whether any such claims, causes of action, allegations or assertions arose as a result of the Administrative Agent’s or any Lender’s actions or omissions in connection with the Credit Agreement, including any amendments or modifications thereto, or otherwise.

-3-


 

[signature pages follow]

-4-


 

     IN WITNESS WHEREOF, this Amendment has been duly executed and delivered as of the day and year first above written.
             
 
           
    AKORN, INC.    
 
           
 
  By:   /s/ Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
           
 
  Title:   CFO    
 
           
    AKORN (NEW JERSEY), INC.    
 
           
 
  By:   /s/ Jeffrey A. Whitnell    
 
           
 
  Title:   CFO    
 
           
    LASALLE BANK NATIONAL ASSOCIATION,    
    as Administrative Agent and Lender    
 
           
 
  By:   /s/ Patrick J. O’Toole    
 
           
 
  Title:   Senior Vice President    

exv31w1
EXHIBIT 31.1
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL EXECUTIVE OFFICER
I, Arthur S. Przybyl, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Akorn, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
     
 
  /s/ ARTHUR S. PRZYBYL
 
   
 
  Arthur S. Przybyl
 
  Chief Executive Officer
Date: May 12, 2008

exv31w2
EXHIBIT 31.2
CERTIFICATION OF PRINCIPAL FINANCIAL OFFICER
I, Jeffrey A. Whitnell, certify that:
     1. I have reviewed this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q of Akorn, Inc.;
     2. Based on my knowledge, this report does not contain any untrue statement of a material fact or omit to state a material fact necessary to make the statements made, in light of the circumstances under which such statements were made, not misleading with respect to the period covered by this report;
     3. Based on my knowledge, the financial statements, and other financial information included in this report, fairly present in all material respects the financial condition, results of operations and cash flows of the registrant as of, and for, the periods presented in this report;
     4. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I are responsible for establishing and maintaining disclosure controls and procedures (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(e) and 15d-15(e)) and internal control over financial reporting (as defined in Exchange Act Rules 13a-15(f) and 15d-15(f)) for the registrant and have:
(a) Designed such disclosure controls and procedures, or caused such disclosure controls and procedures to be designed under our supervision, to ensure that material information relating to the registrant, including its consolidated subsidiaries, is made known to us by others within those entities, particularly during the period in which this report is being prepared;
(b) Designed such internal control over financial reporting, or caused such internal control over financial reporting to be designed under our supervision, to provide reasonable assurance regarding the reliability of financial reporting and the preparation of financial statements for external purposes in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles;
(c) Evaluated the effectiveness of the registrant’s disclosure controls and procedures and presented in this report our conclusions about the effectiveness of the disclosure controls and procedures, as of the end of the period covered by this report based on such evaluation; and
(d) Disclosed in this report any change in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting that occurred during the registrant’s most recent fiscal quarter that has materially affected, or is reasonably likely to materially affect, the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting; and
     5. The registrant’s other certifying officer and I have disclosed, based on our most recent evaluation of internal control over financial reporting, to the registrant’s auditors and the audit committee of the registrant’s board of directors (or persons performing the equivalent functions):
(a) All significant deficiencies and material weaknesses in the design or operation of internal control over financial reporting which are reasonably likely to adversely affect the registrant’s ability to record, process, summarize and report financial information; and
(b) Any fraud, whether or not material, that involves management or other employees who have a significant role in the registrant’s internal control over financial reporting.
     
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL
 
   
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell
 
  Chief Financial Officer
Date: May 12, 2008

exv32w1
EXHIBIT 32.1
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C 1350
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Akorn, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2008, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to which this Certification is an exhibit (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code (18 U.S.C. 1350) and Rule 13a-14(b) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR 240.13a-14(b), that to my knowledge:
     (1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 12, 2008
     
 
  /s/ ARTHUR S. PRZYBYL
 
   
 
  Arthur S. Przybyl
 
  Chief Executive Officer

exv32w2
EXHIBIT 32.2
CERTIFICATION PURSUANT TO 18 U.S.C. 1350
In connection with the Quarterly Report of Akorn, Inc. (the “Company”) on Form 10-Q for the period ended March 31, 2008, as filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission and to which this Certification is an exhibit (the “Report”), the undersigned officer of the Company does hereby certify, pursuant to Section 1350 of Chapter 63 of Title 18 of the United States Code (18 U.S.C. 1350) and Rule 13a-14(b) promulgated under the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 (17 CFR 240.13a-14(b), that to my knowledge:
     (1) The Report fully complies with the requirements of section 13(a) or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934; and
     (2) The information contained in the Report fairly presents, in all material respects, the financial condition and results of operations of the Company.
Date: May 12, 2008
     
 
  /s/ JEFFREY A. WHITNELL
 
   
 
  Jeffrey A. Whitnell
 
  Chief Financial Officer